Name J. H. Krchovský is nom de plume of poet Jiří Hásek who was born in Prague on 22th April He refused to study whichever school because the. 7. listopad Get this from a library! Básně aneb Čas spíše chmurný. [Egon Bondy]. kým nadhledem, jehož hluboká poezie je sice narušena urcitou formální Egon Bondy, 8. poezie, nesly se soucasne i potrebou naprosté nesmysl- nosti.

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In the late s, he was active in a surrealist group. From tohe studied philosophy and psychology at Prague’s Charles University. From the s, Bondy was one of the main figures of the Prague underground, writing song lyrics for The Plastic People of the Universe.

Basne Cas spise chmurny ; Odplouvani by Egon Bondy

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ÎNDREPTAR DESP0VEDANIE Moto: „Când ridicați mâinile voastre către Mine, Indreptar de Spovedanie sau (Intrebari in scaunul Tainei Sfintei Spovedanii. Descripción: indreptar de spovedanie, editura agaton, indumar, rugaciuni de pocaintă. Ver más. indreptar de spovedanie, editura agaton, indumar, rugaciuni de. Indreptar La Spovedanie (Romanian Edition) [Valeriu Gafencu] on pentru cã de îndatã ce ai cãlcat Legea lui Dumnezeu, ai urmat o altã lege.

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Parohia Ortodoxa Romana Invierea Domnului din nordul Californiei, slujeste comunitatea romaneasca din imrejurimile orasului Hayward, San Francisco si este situata la adresa: Acest Buletin poate fi copiat online sau primit prin lista de distributie a parohiei noastre. Toate anunturile ce apar la rubrica Mica Publicitate apar gratuit si in Ziarul Miorita, cu care parohia noastra are o relatie strasa de colaborare. Daca doriti sa va fiti informati spoveadnie despre activitatile duhovnicesti si sociale din parohia si comunitatea romaneasca, va rugam sa trimiteti emailul dumneavoastra.

Va invitam sa explorati site-ul nostru si sa ne faceti recomandarile dumneavoastra referitor la ceea ce ati dorii sa gasiti cititi si vizionati. Savarsitorul Tainei este episcopul sau preotul.

Primitorii sunt doi crestini ortodocsi de sex spovddanie, care nu se afla intr-un grad de rudenie apropiat. Cei care urmeaza indteptar se casatoreasaca trebuie sa dovedeasca preotului ca au botez valid si ca au indeplinit conditiile pe care le prevede statul pentru incheierea casatoriei civile. Biserica Spovexanie ne invata ca moartea este despartirea sufletului de trup. Sfanta Scriptura Biblia arata ca atunci cand “omul merge indeeptar locasul sau de veci”, trupul trebuie “sa se intoarca la pamant cuma a fost, iar sufletul sa se intoarca la Dumnezeu Care l-a dat” Eccleziastul 12, Bogat sau sarac, rege sau rob, intelept ori analfabet, toti parasim aceasta viata intr-o zi si ne prezentam inaintea lui Dumnezeu Care ne va judeca, randuindu-ne rasplata cuvenita.

Sfintirea Caselor la Boboteaza

Dar, legatura celor morti cu cei vii nu inceteaza, ci ea se mentine prin rugaciune neincetata pe care Biserica o face pentru sufletele spovevanie, pastrand comuniunea de iubire si nadajduind in invierea tuturor la sfarsitul veacurilor. Cand un crestin a murit, rudele acestuia de multe ori trec prin momente de deruta, intrucat apar xpovedanie si traditii diferite in legatura cu datinile ce inconjoara ceremonia inmormantarii.

Sfestania este denumirea populara pentru slujba Aghiasmei mici sau Sfintirea cea mica a apei. Preotul poate savarsi aceasta slujba fie in biserica, fie in casele credinciosilor.

Termenul “aghiasma” vine de cuvantul grecesc “aghiasmos”, care isi are originea in cuvantul “aghios” sfant. Astfel, atunci cand spunem “voi face o aghiasma”, intelegem slujba, iar cand spunem “voi bea un pic de aghiasma”, ne referim la apa sfintita. dw

E de dorit ca toti cei care locuiesc in casa in care se va savarsi sfestania, sa se spovedeasca si sa se impartaseasca. Pentru slujba sfestaniei, crestinul trebuie sa aseze o masuta orientata spre rasarit, pe care va pune: Duminica dupa Nasterea Domnului. Valeriu Gafencu – Sfantul Inchisorilor. Care este scopul vietii crestine? Cand va fi a doua venire a Domnului? Sfintirea caselor credinciosilor se face prin stropirea cu aghiasma mare in ajunul Bobotezei si prin slujba sfestaniei ce se savarseste la mutarea in casa noua si care se repeta in fiecare an sau chiar mai des, atunci cand lucrarea raului se face simtita in vreun fel in casa.

Omul este solidar cu tot ceea ce il inconjoara.

Pacatele, faradelegile omului intineaza spatiul in care acesta le savarseste. Dimpotriva, curatenia vietii lui sfinteste mediul care-l inconjoara. Nu este intamplator faptul ca in popor s-a pastrat zicala: Apa sfintita de preot poarta in ea puterea curatitoare si sfintitoare a harului dumnezeiesc.

Cand face sfintirea apei, preotul se roaga ca: El a poruncit si s-au zidit Psalm5. La fiecare inceput de an, pe 1 ianuarie, crestinatatea sarbatoreste praznicul Sfantului Vasile cel Mare, trecut la cele vesnice in urma cu saisprezece secole.

Aflata spovedanei patronajul binecuvantata a acestui veritabil stalp al sppovedanie, prima luna a calendarului este rastimpul benefic cand in biserici si manastiri sunt citite Moliftele Sfantului Vasile cel Mare – acele temute blesteme indreptate impotriva satanei, pentru alungarea demonilor si dezlegarea celor posedati. O perioada de gratie, in care crestinilor li se da marea sansa divina de a se innoi o data cu anul care incepe.

Pentru ca S-a nascut si a trait intr-un anumit mediu, El a respectat toate randuielile si obiceiurile de atunci. Taierea imprejur trebuie sa fie interpretata neaparat in cadrul teologiei chenozei pe care Hristos si-a asumat-o pentru mantuirea neamului omenesc. De vreme ce Sfintii Parinti au stabilit ca Nasterea Domnului sa fie sarbatorita pe 25 decembrie, firesc a fost ca Taierea imprejur, care a avut loc dupa opt zile, sa fie praznuita pe 1 ianuarie, adica la exact spovvedanie zile de la Nastere.

Troparele din ziua acestei sarbatori redau insemnatatea teologica a taierii imprejur. Unul dintre acestea, care este destul de cunoscut, spune: Asa cum, din mila si din dragoste de oameni, Hristos a primit infasarea in scutece, la fel a primit si taierea imprejur dupa trup.

Index of /fisiere/carti/

Aceasta bunavoie sau chenoza desavarsita a lui Hristos este considerata de Biserica un mare praznic imparatesc. Ea avea loc in cazul fiecarui copil de parte barbateasca, pentru ca fusese stabilita inca de la inceputuri, printr-o porunca data de Dumnezeu lui Avraam.

Fragmentul corespunzator din Vechiul Testament este urmatorul: Sa va taiati imprejur si acesta va fi semnul legamantului dintre Mine si voi. Inchinarea la Sfintele Moaste ale Sfantul Ioan.

Botezul este Taina prin care omul primeste iertare de pacatul stramosesc si de pacatele personale. Cel care este botezat este cufundat in apa de trei ori in numele Sfintei Treimi cele trei cufundari, simbolizeaza cele trei zile petrecute de Hristos in mormant.

Prin aceasta cufundare are loc moartea omului celui vechi si renasterea la o noua viata. Botezul este conditia absolut necesara pentru primirea celorlalte Taine. Primitorii botezului sunt toti cei nebotezati, indiferent de varsta sau de sex, care doresc sa se curateasca de pacatul stramosesc si sa devina membrii ai Bisericii lui Hristos. Ce trebuie sa indeplineasca primitorii botezului In cazul in care se boteaza un adult, i se cere acestuia: Cununia este Taina in care, unui barbat si unei femei ce se unesc liber in casatorie, li se da prin preot harul Sfantului Duh.

Cei doi devin prin aceasta Taina un singur trup. Casatoria ca legatura pe viata intre un barbat si o femeie, se intemeiaza pe faptul ca numai impreuna alcatuiesc umanitatea completa.

In vechime, Casatoria se savarsea dupa Liturghia de duminica.

La acest eveniment, participa intreaga comunitate. Astazi, cununiile sunt savarsite sambata.

Minuni si Programul – Lemnul Sfintei Cruci in Biserica noastra Iulie

Practica din prezent este necanonica, pentru ca petrecerile tin pana duminica dimineata, lucru care nu mai face posibila participarea credinciosilor la Liturghia de duminica. Indicat este ca ele sa fie savarsite duminica. Dar, legatura celor morti cu cei vii nu inceteaza, ci ea se mentine prin rugaciune neincetata pe care Biserica o face pentru sufletele raposatilor, pastrand comuniunea de iubire si nadajduind in invierea tuturor la sfarsitul veacurilor Cand un crestin a murit, rudele acestuia de multe ori trec prin momente de deruta, intrucat apar pareri si traditii diferite in legatura cu datinile ce inconjoara ceremonia inmormantarii.

Utrenie a Taierii Imprejur 9: Liturghie a Taierii Imprejur Vecernie a Botezului Domnului. Utrenie a Botezului Domnului Luni 07 Ianuarie – Sf. Icoane a Maicii Domnului Ioan Maximovitch – Duminica 23 dec. Ioan Maximovitch – Duminica 19 Februarie 4: Maslu – Sambata 22 decembrie la Sfintirea Caselor la Boboteaza. Despre anul nou si despre calendar – arhimandritul Cleopa Ilie. Sfantul Vasile cel Mare si Sfintele Moliftve.

Index of /fisiere/carti/

Rugandu-va pentru mantuirea membrilor si bunastarea ei. Devenind membru al parohiei. Devenind membru in Consiliul Parohial. Sustinand finaciar parohia prin donatii Donand bani pentru fondul General sau pentru diferitele proiecte.

Organizand Fundraisinguri Organizand Ora de Cafea. Cumparand produse de la magazinul bisericesc. Cumparand online prin portalul parohie i.

ISO 3098-2 PDF

ISO 3098-2 PDF

ISO. Second edition. Technical product documentation —. Lettering —. Part 2: Latin alphabet, numerals and marks. Documentation. Buy ISO TECHNICAL PRODUCT DOCUMENTATION – LETTERING – PART 2: LATIN ALPHABET, NUMERALS AND MARKS. Buy DIN EN ISO TECHNICAL PRODUCT DOCUMENTATION – LETTERING – PART 2: LATIN ALPHABET, NUMERALS AND.

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Sahih al-Bukhari is a collection of hadith compiled by Imam Muhammad al- Bukhari (d. AH/ AD) (rahimahullah). His collection is recognized by the. Sahih Bukhari in Urdu Eight Volumes Complete. Urdu translation and explication by Hazrat Maulana Muhammad Dawood Raaz. Sahih Bukhari (Bukhari Sharif). PDF | The Hadith is one of the three sources of Islamic law beside the Qur’an and Development of a retrieval system for Al Hadith in Bahasa (case study: Hadith Bukhari) Sorry, there is no online preview for this file type.

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These prophetic traditions, or hadithwere collected by the Muslim scholar Muhammad al-Bukhariafter being transmitted orally for generations. Sunni Muslims view this as one of the two most trusted collections of hadith along with Sahih Muslim.

The Arabic word sahih translates as authentic or correct. According to Ibn al-Salah the book is called: Al-Bukhari traveled widely throughout the Abbasid Caliphate from the age of 16, collecting those traditions he thought trustworthy. It is reported that al-Bukhari devoted 16 years to sifting the hadiths he included in his Sahih from a collection of nearlynarrations. Experts, in general, have estimated the number of full- isnad narration at 7, and without considerations to repetitions or different versions of the same report, the number of Prophetic traditions reduces to approximately 2, This aroused his interest in compiling hadith whose authenticity was beyond doubt.

What further strengthened his resolve was something his teacher, hadith scholar Ishaq ibn Ibrahim al-Hanthalee — better known as Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh — had told him.

In my hand was a fan with which I was protecting him. The book covers almost all aspects of life in providing proper guidance of Islam such as the method of performing prayers and other actions of worship directly from the Prophet Muhammad. In every city that Bukhari visited, thousands of people would gather in the main mosque to listen to him recite traditions. During this period of twenty-four years, al-Bukhari made minor revisions to his book, notably the chapter headings.

Each version is named by its narrator. According to Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani in his book Nukatthe number of hadiths in all versions is the same.

Sahih Bukhari Hadith in Urdu (All Volumes 1-8)

The most famous one today is the version narrated by al-Firabri d. Firabri is not the only transmitter of Sahih al-Bukhari. There were many others that narrated that book to filetyep generations, such as Ibrahim ibn Ma’qal d. There are many books that noted differences between these versions, the best known being Fath al-Bari. Amin Ahsan Islahithe Islamic scholarhas listed three outstanding qualities of Sahih al-Bukhari: The book of Bukhari is the more authentic of the two and filehype useful.

They considered it a good effort and testified to its authenticity with the exception of four hadith. At least one famous ahaad solitary hadith in Bukhari, regarding women’s leadership, [13] based upon its content and its hadith narrator Abu Bakris believed by some authors to be inauthentic. Shehadeh uses gender theory to critique the hadith, [14] while Farooq believes that such hadiths are inconsistent with reforming Islam. Another hadith “Three things bring bad luck: The clarification is given in a hadith reported by Aisha in Imam Zarkashi’s hadith collection: He [Abu Hurairah] came into our house when the Prophet was in the middle of a sentence.

He only heard the end of it. What the Prophet said was: Certain Prophetic ccomplete and remedies espoused in Bukhari, such as cuppinghave been noted for being unscientific. Ibn al-Salah also said: It has been said that this number excluding repeated hadith is 2, One of the most important aspects in Sahih al-Bukhari is tarjamah al-bab [36] or giving name of the chapter. Many great scholars adopted a common saying: Not many scholars have commented on this aspect except Hafiz Ibn Hajar Asqalani and a few others.

From Flietype, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bukhari. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Arabic. February Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Arabic article. Machine translation like Deepl or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia.

Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit filetypd using German: Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[: Exact name of German article]]; see its history for attribution.

For more guidance, see Wikipedia: Terminology Types categories Biographical evaluation Musannaf Isra’iliyyat. Shama’il Muhammadiyah Shamaail Tirmidhi.

Man La Yahduruhu Al-Faqih. Jami Sahih Tartib al-Musnad. Part of a series on Sunni Islam. Sunni schools of law. Sunni schools of theology. Ash’ari Maturidi Traditionalist Others: Jerusalem Mecca Medina Mount Sinai. Archived from the original on February 10, Archived from the original on Retrieved 12 November When the Prophet heard the news that the people of the Persia had made the daughter of Khosrau their Queen rulerhe said, “Never will succeed such a nation as makes a woman their ruler.

The Idea of Women in Fundamentalist Islam. University Press of Florida. International Institute of Islamic Thought. Contemporary Interpretation of Islamic Law. A Comparative Study reprint ed. University of California Press.

Retrieved 1 April When He created coomplete, He said to him”Go and greet that group of angels sitting there, and listen what they will say in reply to you, for that will be your greeting and the greeting of your offspring. Islam and the Modern Age Society. Encyclopaedia of Islam New Edition. Archived from the original on 10 October Hadith terminology and study.

Retrieved from ” https: Sunni literature Hadith Hadith studies Hadith collections Sunni hadith collections 9th-century Arabic books. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited tiletype 24 Decemberat By using filetjpe site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Part of a series on. Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal. Book of Sulaym Ibn Qays.

Sahih Al-Bukhari in Arabic-English (All Volumes ) – The Choice

Uyun al Akhbar ar Reda. Ibadi Jami Sahih Tartib al-Musnad. Related topics Ahl al-Hadith Criticism. Sunni schools of theology Ash’ari Maturidi Traditionalist Others: Lists Literature Kutub al-Sittah. Arabic Wikisource has original text related to this article:



May 19, Fraunhofer researchers have analyzed different process chains for Blisk manufacturing and identified significant cost saving potential in a. Mar 21, Expert software for blisk (multibladed disk) manufacturing is a rare exception to this rule. From the point of view of CAM, all blisks are very much. Not long ago, many manufacturers were happy just to be able to completely machine a blisk from a solid successfully, whether it was done efficiently or not.

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A blisk mankfacturing disk is an aeroengine component consisting of a rotor disk and multiple blades in a single part. Replacing the traditional assembly of an individual disk and multiple removable blades, blisks have continued to grow in popularity since their introduction in the mids. Also known as integrally bladed rotors Manufacturihgblisks are usually machined from a solid piece of material. Using blisks in the compressors and fans of modern turbojet engines improves performance and negates the need to assemble the rotor disk and blades.

Vital components can be produced in a single setup on the same machine tool. Due to their complicated shapes, blisk machining requires the use of multi-axis machine tools and advanced CNC software.

Blisk – Wikipedia

Such machining demands effective and reliable cutting tools. Because the majority of blisk machining consists of milling, the quality of the milling cutters is paramount. Usually, blisks are produced from hard-to-cut titanium Ti or nickel-based alloys Ni-alloysso the milling cutters used need to meet stringent productive and fail-safe machining requirements.

Iscar uses premium submicron and ultra-fine carbide substrates, combined with nano-layer physical vapor deposition PVD coating technology and advanced post-coating SUMO TEC treatment, to improve tool impact strength and wear resistance for longer life and enhanced working characteristics. Blisk milling begins with rough slot milling, so Iscar has developed ECK-M solid carbide endmills with a geometry of reinforced cutting edges to efficiently mill titanium.

The system reduces setup time and can be configured in more than 15, ways from standard shanks and heads. If necessary, extensions can be used. Available shank materials include:. In some blisk rough-slot milling, such as machining Ni-alloys, a trochoidal tool path is the most productive. Seven flutes with different helix angles enable high stock removal rates.

High-quality surface finish and predictable, long tool life are vital in finish-milling blisks. The cutting tool often works with a high overhang, raising stability requirements. Productive milling of blisks is based on: The past 15 years have been intriguing for aerospace, from a commercial and a technological standpoint.

The world was introduced to the first predominately composite aircraft, the Eurofighter, in Meanwhile, commercial aerospace witnessed the entry-into-service of two revolutionary aircraft: Engine original equipment manufacturers OEMs engaged in their own technology play.

These innovative engines have prompted Boeing and Airbus to shelve plans for a clean-sheet narrow body replacement for a more immediate re-engined solution.

What can the world expect for the next 10 to 15 years? The total material consumed in annual military and commercial aircraft production and maintenance, repair, and overhaul MRO is approximatelytons inaccording to ICF International.

Two thirds is associated with Boeing and Airbus.

Due to inherent inefficiencies in the production process, it takes an estimated 6 lb. This is the buy-to-fly ratio per industry parlance.

Manuufacturing pre-form process forging, casting, extrusion, machined plate incurs a considerable loss of material. Most alloys have fairly high buy-to-fly ratios, in contrast to carbon fiber reinforced polymer CFRPwhich is closer to 1. The industry has placed increased emphasis on closed-loop revert programs and near-net shape manufacturing processes.

Near net also has the advantage of minimizing the machining of difficult-to-machine superalloy and titanium alloys. It is anticipated to increase 6. Titanium alloy will grow at 4. Aluminum and steel alloy growth rates are projected to be flat during the next decade.

The next clean-sheet design for air transport aircraft will likely combine a metal possibly aluminum-lithium airframe with a CFRP wing and empennage. The justification for using CFRP — a considerably more expensive material — for the wing includes weight, geometry, finish, and stiffness for a high aspect ratio. A challenge of CFRP structures is damage detection and repair — reasons for metal fuselages that are subject to impact damage from ramp service vehicles.

These aircraft will not appear until the end of next decade due to efforts to re-engine both Boeing MAX and Airbus Aneo. Next-generation materials include advanced aluminum-lithium and various derivatives of and series heat-treated aluminum alloy. The Federal Aviation Administration FAA has certified more alloys within the past decade than it has in the previous five; mainly these custom aluminum alloys.

Fiber reinforced aluminum is also under investigation. Research emphasis for non-metals surrounds out-of-autoclave thermoset composites and thermoplastic extrusions, such as those for stringers.

Difficulty in machining and high cost of production are barriers for their wide-spread adoption. This material has helped the company achieve the highest recorded combined compressor and turbine temperatures with the ADVENT military engine. Rolls Royce is testing CMCs for application in shrouds, then static structures, and eventually in rotating parts. The industry is considering applications for turbine disks.

Titanium-aluminide TiAl is as strong as many superalloys yet half the weight, but it is difficult to process due to low ductility. This process allows for complex internal geometry for cooling, and minimizes the material to be removed during machining. Rolls Royce is evaluating TiAl turbine blades for its next generation Trent engine. Powder metallurgy mitigates inhomogeneous microstructure that typically arises during the casting or wrought process. Historically, aerospace applications for gas atomized powders have been for coatings and isothermally forged disks, a technology developed in the s.

Each engine OEM has its own proprietary powder. The emphasis now is on additive manufacturing applications, mainly using titanium and superalloys, with parts in engines and aerostructure.

New powders are being developed, with manufacturers focusing on cost reduction and qualify control for larger batch production. In the engine cold section, the primacy of titanium fan blades is being challenged. Rolls Royce has also announced plans to include a carbon-titanium composite fan for its next-generation engine.

Less mass translates into less rotational kinetic energy. Moreover, the weight savings to an engine cantilevered on the wing means even greater weight savings for the engine pylon and wing structure.

In general, significant new material development is unlikely during the next decade. The staggering cost overrun of the development and execution and struggling profitability of the A program ensure both OEMs stay focused on incremental gain.

Aviation is a conservative industry. The last decade was exceptional. OEMs will now harvest existing technologies — incumbents and emerging competitors alike. Bill Bihlman is the founder and president of Aerolytics LLC, a boutique management consultancy that specializes in aerospace.

He can be reached at bihlman aerolyticsllc. Every good manufacturing company focuses heavily on — one might even say obsesses over — quality control. The final product delivered to the customer must be perfect and always on time.

But no business can operate totally independently. To ensure the perfect final product, you need an outstanding and well-managed supply chain. So how do you ensure the many businesses supplying your company, possibly from all over the world, consistently meet your demanding standards? You must closely and routinely audit the work of your suppliers. Every good manufacturer will not only carry out regular internal audits but will also execute supplier audits to ensure quality control processes are being properly implemented.

Bliwk suppliers, equally, should carry out their own internal audits. Managing suppliers internationally becomes more straightforward every year.

AML wins plaudits from Rolls-Royce for blisk manufacture

Through means such as teleconferencing, videoconferencing, and intranet portals, not every review meeting needs to be face-to-face. While audits are essential, be wary if you feel your suppliers are reluctantly meeting your standards. You should seek to cultivate a long-term partnership, with suppliers knowing that if your business grows, their manugacturing will expand, too.

Constantly changing suppliers simply disrupts the flow of your work. Similarly, a high manufactruing of suppliers can create costly logistical nightmares, so streamline your supply chain to ensure the most efficient flow. When you set up facilities in a new location, your key suppliers may establish operations in that location as well, eager to exploit the logistical benefits. Rapid and comprehensive information sharing is vital. Through a secure intranet portal, you can ensure your international suppliers can instantly access the information they need.

Opportunities are extensive, from process checklists to quality manuals online that save reprinting costs every time a change is made. All suppliers can be alerted immediately and simultaneously when a customer provides new specifications or a delivery date moves. You can also use the portal to support your mxnufacturing process, ensuring suppliers can see how their performance is measuring against the agreed key performance indicators KPIs. Sharing information is also key when expanding your business.

There is no value in gaining new contracts only to realize your supply chain cannot keep pace with the growth. While change rarely happens overnight in most sectors of manufacturing, making sure your supply chain is thoroughly briefed ahead of any likely changes to your business is always a good idea.

As manufacturing companies grow, one of the major challenges is to maintain consistent quality control at multiple locations. Overseeing operations at just one facility may not always be easy, and when that oversight needs to apply to facilities across the country or internationally, the challenges inevitably increase and intensify. Quality of operation, and ultimately product, can never be sacrificed, which means expansion can feel frightening.

Nonetheless, the company that takes an intelligent approach to growth can achieve all the benefits without risking quality.

Press Release

Expansion through acquisition is a smart move for any company manufacturijg cares about quality control. Bllisk company can undertake a program of sub-contracting to offer customers an increased range of services and products, which could be described as a form of expansion. The customer also enjoys benefits such as a single point of contact. Quality should not suffer — every good manufacturer will closely and consistently audit the work of sub-contractors.

There is no better way of ensuring the highest level of quality than through your own staff operating your own machinery in your own locations.



Biofarmasetika Dan Farmakokinetika Terapan. 6 likes. Book. Biofarmasetika Dan Farmakokinetika Terapan Apoteker – Download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt /.pptx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation. Michael E. Winter, Basic Clinical Pharmacokinetics, 4th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Leon Shargel, Biofarmasetika & Farmakokinetika Terapan.

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BCS dibagi atas 4 kelas yaitu: Kelas1 Permeabilitastinggi,KelarutanTinggi KelasIini menunjukkan sejumlahobat berdaya serap yang tinggidan sejumlahpelarutan yang tinggi.

Biofarmasetika dan Farmakokinetika Terapan

Senyawa iniumumnya sangat baikdiserap. Senyawa Kelas I dirumuskan sebagaiprodukyang cepat untuk dibebaskan,lajupelarutanumumnya melebihipengosongan lambung.

Pendekatan formulasi mencakup pengendalian kecepatan pelepasan dan sifat fisikokimia obat tertentu seperti profil pH – kelarutan dari obat.

Kelas 2 Permeabilitastinggi,KelarutanRendah KelasIIini menunjukkan sejumlahobat berdaya serap yang tinggidan sejumlahpelarutan yang rendah. Sistem yang dikembangkan untuk obat kelas II didasarkan farmakokietika mikronisasi, liofilisasi, dan penambahan surfaktan, formulasi sebagai emulsi dan sistem mikroemulsi dan penggunaan agen pengompleks seperti siklodekstrin.

Kelas 3 Permeabilitasrendah,KelarutanTinggi Obat inimenunjukkanvariasi yang tinggidalam tingkatdan tingkatpenyerapan obat. Penyerapan rendah karenatingkatpermeabilitasyang terbatas namunmemiliki tingkat kelarutan yang besar danterjadi sangat cepat.

Biofarmasetika (BCS)

Obat kelas III memerlukan teknologi untuk memperbaiki keterbatasan permeabilitas absolut. Peptida dan protein merupakan bagian dari kelas III.

Kelas 4 Permeabilitasrendah, Kelarutan Rendah Kelas 4 merupakan senyawa yang memiliki bioavailabilitas rendah. Senyawa ini sering menunjukkan permeabilitas yang terbatas di mukosa GI. Obat kelas IV menyajikan sebuah tantangan besar bagi pengembangan sistem penghantaran obat dan teraoan pemberian yang disarankan adalah obat parenteral dengan formulasi yang dapat mempercepat kelarutan.

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: Kako odgajati sinove: zasto su decaci drugaciji – i kako im pomoci da postanu srecni i uravnotezeni muskarci () by Stiv Bidalf. Čija su naša deca – Snežana Milošević. IQ deteta, briga roditelja – Ranko Rajović. Kako odgajati sinove – Stiv Bidalf. Kako odgajati srećnu decu – Džen Parker. Rome in the s, there’s nowhere quite like it. The narrow stone streets, the fountains and piazzas full of life in the heat of the day, the cafes and bars full of.

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Ropstvo u staroj Grčkoj – Wikipedija

Razabiru se dve pravne kategorije robova: Menja se i terminologija: Hesiod u Poslovima i danima 7. Ropstvo postaje sve prisutnije upravo u trenutku kad je Solon postavio akko atinske demokratije. Procenjuje se da je oko Robovi su radili i u zanatstvu i trgovini.

I porobljavanje gradova uvek se smatralo kontroverznim postupkom. Kasandar je tako Izgleda da Grci nisu “uzgajali” robove, tj. Jedan slavni primer odanog rob bio je Temistoklov rob Persijanac Sikinkoji je, uprkos svom persijskom poreklu, izdao Kserksa I i pomogao Atinjanima u bici kod Salamine. U Atini je postojao i zakon koji je zabranjivao udaranje robova: Odgjaati zakona pripisuju se Solonu.

Ropstvo u staroj Grčkoj – Wikipedia

U gradu Gortinu na Krituprema jednom zakonu iz 6. Deca robova pripadala su njihomim gospodarima. Taj je sistem, uz neke varijante, postojao na Bliskom istokua spominje se i u Bibliji. Aristotel odgajatu Ustavu atinskom citira jednu Solonovu pesmu:.

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A pre je robovala, sad je slobodna. Hram bi dobio deo novca i pojavio bi se kao garant ugovora.

Naslov jedne komedije iz 4. Hipokrat o ovoj ideji iznosi svoje teorije. Prema njemu, umerena anatolska klima proizvela je tihe i pokorne ljude.

Jedino tokom mitskog zlatnog doba nije postojalo robova, jer su sve ljudske potrebe tada bile zadovoljene same od sebe.

Iz Wikipedije, slobodne enciklopedije. Wassermannstr. HomerOdisejaI,gde Telemah spominje “robove koje je divni Odisej za [njega] zaplenio”. Kirkstr.

Garlanstr. HesiodPoslovi i dani Massonstr. LikurgProtiv Leokrata Burkert, WalterGreek ReligionOxford: Recueil des inscriptions juridiques grecques.

Ducat, JeanLes HilotesPariz: Dialogues d’histoire ancienne 4 4: The Classical Journal Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert Classical Philology 32 3: Life odgaajati Death on Attic Tombstones”. The Classical Journal 64 5. Wood, Ellen Meiksins American Journal of Ancient History 8: Dobavljeno iz ” https: Imenski prostori Stranica Razgovor.

Drugi projekti Wikimedia Commons. Ova stranica je zadnji put izmijenjena