Aelianus Tacticus was a Greek military writer whose famous treatise, Taktikē theōria (“Tactical theory”), is a detailed handbook for organising. Aelianus Tacticus: a phalanx of problems – CHRISTOPHER MATTHEW (revised, translated and edited by), THE TACTICS OF AELIAN, OR ON. 2nd cent. AD; Greek military writer. Works. The Taktiká, preserved under the name of Aelianus, are a textbook addressed to the Emperor Trajan. Manuscripts.
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The original used falsely to be attributed to Arrian. In that edition Aelianus’s diagrams were also represented by letters of type. The Macedonian phalanx of Aelian had many points of resemblance to the solid masses of pikemen and the “squadrons” of cavalry of the Spanish and Dutch systems, and the translations made in the 16th century formed the groundwork of numerous books on drill and tactics. Perhaps the chief value of Aelian’s work lies in his critical account of preceding works on the art of war, and in the fulness of his technical details in matters of drill.
Phalangites were drilled aeliamus perform short forced marches if tactiicus Wikipedia article on Macedonian phalanx, accessed Critics of the ISth century – Guichard Folard and the prince de Ligne – were unanimous in thinking Aelian greatly inferior to Arrian, but both on his immediate successors, the Byzantines, and on the Arabs, who translated the text for their own use, Aelian exercised a great influence.
In the printed edition the diagrams were represented by letters of type arranged on the page to form the shapes of the infantry formations, perhaps somewhat simplified from the diagrams in the manuscript codices. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.
Together with the works of Xenophon, Aeliaus and Aeneus Tacticus, the Tactiks again became an essential manual for every 16 th and 17 th century soldier who hoped to master the art of war.
You are commenting using your WordPress. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here The author claims to have consulted all the best authorities, the chief of which was a lost treatise on the subject by Polybius.
This tenth century Byzantine manuscript is a collection of classical Greek, Hellenistic and Byzantine military treatises. They fought packed in a close rectangular formation, typically eight men deep, with a leader at the head of each column and a secondary leader in the middle, so that the back rows could move off to the sides if more frontage was needed.
Rance, “Maurice’s Strategicon tactiucs the Ancients: Notify me of new posts via email. It has been suggested that Aelian was the real author of most of Arrian’s Tactica, and that the T aKrtKrl Oewpca is a later revision of this original, but the theory is not generally accepted.
Aelian (Aelianus Tacticus) – Encyclopedia
The copious details on army drill also rendered the Tactiks of considerable use to the army organisers of the 16 th century, who found that the armoured phalanx and cavalry screens of Tacticuus bore many similarities to the solid masses of pikemen and the squadrons of horse which typified warfare in the s, and translations formed the groundwork of numerous books on drill and tactics. Please try again later. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Please note that our editors may make some tavticus changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.
The author claims to have consulted all the best authorities, the most important of which was a lost treatise on the subject by Polybius. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all tactocus. Aelian, resident in Rome at the time of writing, also provides a brief account of the constitution of the Roman army and claims to have consulted all the best authoritiesincluding a lost treatise by the Greek historian, Polybius.
This finely printed and illustrated edition may have been the tacticsu to use small woodcut figures of the various types of soldiers and cavalry in the diagrams of the formations. Notify me of new comments awlianus email. Muller, in PaulyWissowa, Realencycloptidie Stuttgart, Perhaps the chief value of Aelian’s work lies in his critical account of preceding works on the art of war, and in the fullness of his technical details in matters of drill.
From Macedonians to Musketeers: The first edition has an elegant aepianus title page and beautiful engraved versions of the formations on 50 inserted folding plates.
The work arose, he says, from a conversation he aekianus with the emperor Nerva at Frontinus’s house at Formiae. When the last rank has fired, the first will have reloaded, as the following diagram shows: Just as soon as the first rank has fired, then by the drill [they have learned] they will march to the back.
Aelian was discussing the use of the counter march in the context of the Roman sword gladius and spear pilum. Perhaps the chief value of Aelian’s work lies in his critical account of preceding works on the art of warand in the fullness of his technical details in matters of drill.
Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: It is a handbook of Greek, i. You are commenting using your Twitter account. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The letter is influential in supporting the thesis of the early-modern Military Revolution. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
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From Macedonians to Musketeers: Aelianus Tacticus and the art of war
Help us improve this article! Ed Donald A Yerxa. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, tacticud your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Consulting previous authorities on the subject, Aelianus dealt with a force composed mainly of armoured infantry of the Greek hoplite type, with auxiliary light infantry and cavalry screens.