Exploration Stamps: Portugal-Thailand - - Years Establishment of Diplomatic Relations
At a Museum Siam exhibition celebrating half a millennium of friendly relations between Thailand and Portugal, Thai visitors can learn more. In , Thailand and Portugal celebrated years of diplomatic relations. It is the longest relationship that Thailand has had with Western. One does not often get the chance to celebrate years of smooth diplomatic relations, so this year the Thai and Portuguese governments are making the most .
Ina ship was sent by the French East India Company to trade with Thailand and was warmly received by the Thais.
Phya Pipatkosa was dispatched as the first Thai envoy to France to forge friendly relations with that country. The Thais intended to offer Songkhla which at the time was rebelling against Thai rule to the French, but Phya Pipatkosa 's ship was wrecked and he died before ever reaching France.
It has already been mentioned that Phaulkon had converted from the Anglican faith to Roman Catholicism in Phaulkon, meanwhile, aimed to promote friendly relations and trade with France since he was not on good terms with the English East India Company. Frere Tachard, a French priest, acted as interpreter. This time, the Thais sent lower ranking officials, Khun Pijaiwanit and Khun Pijitmaitri, for the sole purpose of asking France to appoint an embassy to Thailand to sign a treaty of friendship.
Inthe French sent the Chevalier de Chaumont as ambassador to sign the said treaty. He was accompanied by the Abbe de Choisy. The primary aim of the French Embassy was to try to convert King Narai to Christianity, while the Thais sought to conclude a treaty of friendship and trade with the French.
King Narai refused to change his religion but agreed to sign a convention with France which facilitated French trade with the Royal Warehouse Department. The French were required to pay the usual customs and dues. They were also given a monopoly over the tin trade in Thalang Phuket. At the same time, Songkhla was ceded to the French. The manager of the French company was also given the authority to punish company employees who were guilty of criminal offenses.
Siam Society - Books
The above convention was only a provisional document. Thailand dispatched a third diplomatic mission to France, headed by Phra Wisutsuntorn Kosapanand astute diplomat, and accompanied by de Chaumont.
The French wished to acquire Mergui instead of Songkhla, but Kosapan pointed out that Mergui was a long distance away from the Thai capital. Contacts by sea would have to take a detour around the Malay Peninsula, while trips by land would consume a lot of time. Upon consulting their map, the French found this to be the truth.
Siam Society Books
In actual fact, however, Mergui was a port of great importance to Thailand since it provided an outlet to the Indian Ocean. Some historians believe that the Thai mission aimed to ask French troops to come to Thailand but there is no evidence to support this theory. What the Thais actually sought were experts in various fields, including military affairs, although it is doubtful that this included French troops. Father Tachard also accompanied the mission. The most prominent production of Dvaravati art is dharmachakrasstone wheels signifying Buddhist principles.
The eastern parts of the Chao Phraya valley were subjected to a more Khmer and Hindu influence as the inscriptions are found in Khmer and Sanskrit.
Dvaravati culture expanded into Isan as well as south as far as the Kra Isthmus. Dvaravati was a part of the ancient international trade as Roman artifacts were also found and Dvaravati tributes to the Tang Chinese court are recorded. The culture lost power around the 10th century when they submitted to the more unified Lavo-Khmer polity.
The territory of Si Khottaboon encompassed mostly northern Isan and central Laos. Primordial Malay kingdoms are described as tributaries to Funan by second-century Chinese sources, though most of them proved to be tribal organisations instead of full-fledged kingdoms. Southern Thailand was the centre of Hinduism and Mahayana Buddhism. At that time, the kingdoms of Southern Thailand quickly fell under the influences of the Malay kingdom of Srivijaya from Sumatra.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message From about the 10th century to the 14th century, Thailand is known through archaeological findings and a number of local legends. The period saw Khmer domination over a large portion of the Chao Phraya basin and Isan. The expansion of Tai tribes and their culture southwards also happened during the classical era.
History of Thailand
Camadevia princess of the Lavo Kingdomwas invited to rule the city around However, this date is considered too early for the foundation of Hariphunchai as Camadevi brought no dharmachakras to the north. Hariphunchai was the centre of Theravada in the north. The kingdom had strong relations with the Mon Kingdom of Thaton.
Weakened by Tai invasions, Hariphunchai eventually fell in to Mangraiking of Lan Nathe successor state of the Ngoenyang Kingdom. Arrival of the Tais[ edit ] Further information: Khun BoromTai languagesand Tai peoples Map showing linguistic family tree overlaid on a geographic distribution map of Tai-Kadai family. This map only shows general pattern of the migration of Tai-speaking tribes, not specific routes, which would have snaked along the rivers and over the lower passes.
The most recent and accurate theory about the origin of the Tai people stipulates that Guangxi in China is really the Tai motherland instead of Yunnan.
A large number of Tai people known as the Zhuang still live in Guangxi today. Based on layers of Chinese loanwords in proto- Southwestern Tai and other historical evidence, Pittayawat Pittayaporn proposed that this migration must have taken place sometime between the 8thth centuries.
Chinese historical texts record that, in, 'Lao' [a] rose in revolt behind a leader who declared himself the king of Nanyue in Guangdong.