Johann Sebastian Bach - Wikipedia
Tough question! They were supposed to have a sort of showdown, but one of them was a no-show, so even Bach and Handel were unwilling to answer that. Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. .. The Paulinerkirche in Leipzig: in Bach had tested the new organ in this .. When his contemporaries such as Handel, Telemann and Vivaldi wrote seen as manifesting not just his craft but a truly devout relationship with God. No wonder Beethoven exclaimed "Not Bach, but Meer should be his name! Handel, who knew Telemann well, wrote that his friend could compose a motet in Passing the test of time is qualification enough for Bach to claim a wreath (not.
InBach eventually fell out of favour in Weimar and was, according to a translation of the court secretary's report, jailed for almost a month before being unfavourably dismissed: It contains the letters J S B superimposed over their mirror image topped with a crown. Prince Leopold, himself a musician, appreciated Bach's talents, paid him well and gave him considerable latitude in composing and performing. The prince was Calvinist and did not use elaborate music in his worship; accordingly, most of Bach's work from this period was secular,  including the orchestral suitesthe cello suitesthe sonatas and partitas for solo violinand the Brandenburg Concertos.
A significant influence upon Bach's musical development during his years with the Prince is recorded by Stauffer as Bach's "complete embrace of dance music, perhaps the most important influence on his mature style other than his adoption of Vivaldi's music in Weimar. Nicholas Church, Leipzigc. Thomas Church in Leipzig, which provided music for four churches in the city, the Thomaskirche, the Nikolaikirche St.
Bach had visited Leipzig during Kuhnau's tenure: Thomas church on the first Sunday of Advent,  and in he had tested the organ of the Paulinerkirche. Bach was required to teach Latin, but he was allowed to employ four "prefects" deputies to do this instead.
Johann Sebastian Bach | Biography, Music, & Facts | promovare-site.info
The prefects also aided with musical instruction. Cantata cycle years — Bach usually led performances of his cantatasmost of which were composed within three years of his relocation to Leipzig. Bach collected his cantatas in annual cycles. Five are mentioned in obituaries, three are extant. Bach started a second annual cycle the first Sunday after Trinity of and composed only chorale cantataseach based on a single church hymn. Bach drew the soprano and alto choristers from the School, and the tenors and basses from the School and elsewhere in Leipzig.
Performing at weddings and funerals provided extra income for these groups; it was probably for this purpose, and for in-school training, that he wrote at least six motets. But when Bach was installed as Cantor inhe was put in charge only of music for "festal" church holiday services at the Paulinerkirche; his petition to provide music also for regular Sunday services there for a corresponding salary increase went all the way up to the Elector but was denied.
After this, inBach "lost interest" in working even for festal services at the Paulinerkirche and appeared there only on "special occasions". This was one of the dozens of private societies in the major German-speaking cities that was established by musically active university students; these societies had become increasingly important in public musical life and were typically led by the most prominent professionals in a city.
In the words of Christoph Wolffassuming the directorship was a shrewd move that "consolidated Bach's firm grip on Leipzig's principal musical institutions". Handel studied at the university in Hamburg. He went to Italy in where he established himself as a first-rate composer.
He moved to London in and spent the rest of his life as an English citizen. Bach learned music by apprenticeship in several church posts, none very far from his birthplace.
Bach's Enduring Enigma: An Introduction To The 'Goldberg Variations'
Inat the age of 38, he moved to Leipzig where he spent the rest of his life. So Handel and Bach lived separate lives, and they never did meet. But they came close. In Bach's work took him to Halle, where Handel was home on a visit. Bach learned of Handel's visit and tried to look him up.
Handel had, alas, left the day before. Bach made a second attempt to contact Handel ten years later, and that also failed to pan out. So the two greatest composers of their age worked at their art without meeting. Handel created some of the most festive baroque music and Bach some of the most introspective.
Both worked until their eyes failed.
Bach's Enduring Enigma: An Introduction To The 'Goldberg Variations' : Deceptive Cadence : NPR
And here we meet a third character: Taylor, born the son of an apothecary instudied medicine and specialized in ophthalmology. He soon rose to the post of eye doctor to King George II and became a shameless self-promoter. By the time Bach and Handel began losing their sight, Taylor was traveling widely on the continent. During a visit to Leipzig inTaylor operated on Bach's ailing eyes. When the first operation failed, he tried a second one.