Paul's Associates and Co-Workers
Barnabas born Joseph, was an early Christian, one of the prominent Christian disciples in 50) Barnabas and Paul successfully evangelized among the "God- fearing" the church there regarding the relation of Gentiles to the church (Acts ; .. Simon Magus · Sopater · Sosthenes · Stephen · Theudas · Timothy · Titus. We first learn about him in Galatians (), when he went with Paul and Barnabas to the first Council held in Jerusalem (Acts 15). He was also sent to Corinth. He was drawn to the ministry and became a co-worker with Paul, accompanying him and Barnabas from Antioch to Jerusalem (Titus is included in the “other.
There the apostle, overjoyed by Titus' success,  wrote 2 Corinthians.
Sermon Notes: Paul, Barnabas, Mark, Silas, Titus, and Timothy — Tribe Church
Titus then returned to Corinth with a larger entourage, carrying 2 Corinthians with him. Paul joined Titus in Corinth later.
From Corinth, Paul then sent Titus to organize the collections of alms for the Christians at Jerusalem. Titus was therefore a troubleshooter, peacemaker, administrator, and missionary. Early church tradition holds that Paul, after his release from his first imprisonment in Rome, stopped at the island of Crete to preach. Due to the needs of other churches, requiring his presence elsewhere, he ordained his disciple Titus as bishop of that island,  and left him to finish the work he had started.
Chrysostom says that this is an indication of the esteem St.
Paul held for Titus. It has been argued that the name "Titus" in 2 Corinthians and Galatians is nothing more than an informal name used by Timothy, implied already by the fact that even though both are said to be long-term close companions of Paul, they never appear in common scenes.
The fact that Paul made a point of circumcising Timothy Acts Apostoloi "missionaries" are mentioned 80 times in the NT, including 28 times in Acts, over 35 times in the Pauline and deutero-Pauline letters, but fairly rarely in the four Gospels only Matt In the Gospels and Acts, "apostles" usually refers to the twelve see aboveexcept in John He also explicitly calls Barnabas an apostle 1Cor 9: A Jewish "Levite" named Joseph, but nicknamed Barnabas "son of encouragement" by the apostles Acts 4: Mentioned a total of 31 times in the NT, mostly in Acts, but also in 1Cor 9: Originally from the island of Cyprus, he becomes a member and generous benefactor of the Jerusalem community 4: He is the one who introduces Saul Paul to the apostles 9: Barnabas is sent by the Jerusalem church to teach and preach to the new Greek-speaking Christians in Antioch The Christians of Antioch send Barnabas and Saul back to Jerusalem to deliver some donations for famine relief When Barnabas and Saul are sent out on another mission Barnabas and Paul both attend the "Council of Jerusalem" to discuss the issue of circumcision with other Christian leaders After Barnabas and Paul separate cf.
Seven Greek-speaking believers in Jerusalem Stephen, Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolaus are chosen to help with the daily distribution of food to the widows and poor members of the community Acts 6: Although the noun "deacon" diakonos is not directly used for them cf.
Stephen does "great wonders and signs" and also starts preaching, for which he is soon stoned to death 6: Philip also preaches in Samaria 8: A woman named Phoebe is also called a "sister" and a "deacon" by Paul in Rom Biblical "prophets" convey God's messages to the people through words and symbolic actions not just "predicting the future".
The feminine form "prophetess" is used positively of Anna, an old widow Luke 2: In addition, some early Christians are also called "prophets" and listed as leaders of the Church, second in rank directly after the apostles 1Cor Greek presbyteros "presbyter" or "elder" generally refers to older men who are respected leaders of some community.
In the Gospels, "elders" always refers to Jewish leaders along with the chief priests and scribes who opposed Jesus. In Acts, these Jewish elders are also opponents of the apostles 4: But "elders" or "apostles and elders" also refers in Acts to a different group of people: Later, "elders" are also appointed by the Christian missionaries as leaders of other local churches Acts Paul and other NT writers sometimes refer to themselves as "servants" or "slaves" douloi of God or of Christ Rom 1: Before becoming a Christian himself, Paul opposed and persecuted those who believed in Jesus Acts 7: After coming to believe in Jesus, Paul does some initial preaching Acts 9: But for most of his first 14 or more years as a Christian, he is not really an independent missionary Gal 2: He is recruited by Barnabas see above to help evangelize the early Christian community in Antioch On the first "missionary journey" ActsBarnabas is clearly the leader and Paul the assistant; not only is Barnabas usually named before Paul After Paul breaks up with Barnabas, Paul expands his preaching and traveling, first with the help of Silvanus a.
Silas and Timothy, and later with the help of more and more missionary associates. He also interacts with other Christian preachers throughout the years, especially Apollos and Titus, but also Peter and James see below.
Timothy, Titus, and Silas, Companions of Paul
Among his many associates, Paul distinguishes between those who were Christians before him or independent of him converts of other preachersand those who became Christians due to his own preaching; for the former he uses more respectful language and titles calling them brothers, apostles, or partnerswhile he feels free to give commands to his own converts whom he calls sons, co-workers, junior partners, etc.
Adelphos "brother" and adelphe "sister" have a variety of meanings in the NT, referring sometimes to the family of Jesus esp. James in Gal 1: In contrast, syngenes "relative" or "kin"; Mark 6: Paul calls some people "brothers," even though they are almost certainly not his blood-relatives, in order to stress their close mutual connection, such as Quartus Rom Paul also calls Phoebe "our sister" Rom In contrast, Paul calls some people his "relatives" syngenessuch as Andronicus and Junia Rom To stress that someone's status is equal to his own, he sometimes also calls him a "partner" koinonosincl.
The Gospels stress that there is really only one "Father," namely God Matt 6: However, Paul often refers to his converts those who became Christians due to Paul's own preaching as his "children" tekna or "sons" huioiespecially Timothy 1Cor 4: Thus, he also refers to himself as the "father" pater of individual converts Phil 2: Peter similarly refers to John Mark as "my son" 1Pet 5: When Paul or someone later, writing pseudepigraphically in Paul's name commends Timothy's sincere faith, he mentions that the same faith was previously also alive in Timothy's grandmother Lois and mother Eunice 2Tim 1: Paul variously calls Timothy "my beloved and faithful child in the Lord" 1Cor 4: But he was also sent as Paul's emissary to revisit the Christians in various provinces, esp.
According to one of the " Pastoral Letters ," Paul had Timothy stay in Ephesus to guide and teach the church there 1Tim 1: One of Paul's closest associates, mentioned 13 times in the Pauline and deutero-Pauline letters but curiously never in Acts. A Gentile convert to Christianity who accompanies Barnabas and Paul to the Jerusalem Council; although he is an uncircumcised Greek, he is not compelled to be circumcised Gal 2: Paul tells the Corinthians that Titus is "my brother" 2Cor 2: Titus later serves as Paul's messenger to the Christian communities in Macedonia and Achaia, esp.
Other " Co-Workers ": Synergoi literally "co-workers," but meaning "assistants" or "junior partners" is a term that Paul uses mostly for his own missionary assistants, but only rarely for the apostles or other missionaries who were Christians before or independent of Paul.
- THE EPISTLE OF ST. PAUL TO TITUS
Individuals called synergoi by Paul include Prisca and Aquila Rom More and More Missionaries and Christians: As time goes on, more and more people not only join the Christian communities founded by Paul, but also join in his missionary efforts; consider the number of individuals named in just some of his letters, in approximately chronological order: Paul with Timothy writes this letter to Philemon, Apphia, and Archippustalks extensively about Onesimusand concludes by conveying greetings from Epaphras his "fellow prisoner"as well as Mark, Aristarchus, Demas, and Luke, his "co-workers" Alexander - a coppersmith who did "great harm" to Paul and opposed his preaching 2Tim 4: Ananias - a disciple in Damascus who restores Paul's sight and baptizes him Acts 9: Apphia - a woman addressed by Paul as "our sister"; probably a member of the household of Philemon Phlm 2.
Apollos - an Alexandrian Jew who became a Christian missionary, described as eloquent and knowledgeable of Scripture; he preached and interacted with some of Paul's associates in Ephesus Acts Priscilla - a married couple, Jewish Christians, natives of Pontus, who were expelled from Rome ca.
Archippus - a "fellow soldier" of Paul, somehow connected with Philemon Phlm 1: Aristarchus - a Christian from Thessalonica in Macedonia; a "traveling companion" Acts Artemas - Paul's messenger to Titus Titus 3: Barnabas - an early "apostle" and senior partner of Paul see section I above.
Cephas - an alternate name for the apostle Peter, with whom Paul occasionally interacts 1Cor 1: