Berenice and titus relationship

BERENICE, Much-married sister & lover of King Agrippa

berenice and titus relationship

When he died, she was suspected of evil relations with her own brother Agrippa, Subsequently she became the mistress of Vespasian, then of Titus, son of. Even his unflattering description of Berenice's incestuous relationship with her brother appears only in his later work, Jewish Antiquities, composed after Titus. About this time Berenice entered into relations with Titus that lasted for many years, although she was much older than.

From a stained glass window in St Paul's Cathedral, Melbourne. Josephus records three short-lived marriages in Berenice's life, the first which took place sometime between 41 and 43, to Marcus Julius Alexanderbrother of Tiberius Julius Alexander and son of Alexander the Alabarch of Alexandria. Josephus was not the only ancient writer to suggest incestuous relations between Berenice and Agrippa.

Berenice (daughter of Herod Agrippa) - Wikipedia

Juvenalin his sixth satireoutright claims that they were lovers. Popular rumors may also have been fueled by the fact that Agrippa himself never married during his lifetime.

The Acts of the Apostles records that during this time, Paul the Apostle appeared before their court at Caesarea. During his administration, the Jews were systematically discriminated against in favour of the Greek population of the region.

Appalled at the treatment of her countrymen, Berenice travelled to Jerusalem in 66 to personally petition Florus to spare the Jews, but not only did he refuse to comply with her requests, Berenice herself was nearly killed during skirmishes in the city. About this time Berenice entered into relations with Titus that lasted for many years, although she was much older than he—according to Wilcken, no less than thirteen years.

berenice and titus relationship

These relations continued at Rome, whither Berenice had gone with Agrippa in Titus and Berenice lived on the Palatine Hill; and it was generally supposed that he would soon marry her Suetonius, "Titus," vii. Fully expecting Titus to marry her, Berenice tried to hasten the event Dio Cassius, lxvi.

berenice and titus relationship

Still Berenice did not give up the hope of sharing with Titus the throne of the Roman empire. Nothing is known of the later life of Berenice.

Berenice (daughter of Herod Agrippa)

It may be remarked that Berenice on her journeys between Palestine and Rome seems to have formed connections at Athens, as may be gathered from the inscription published in "C. One source is the Roman satirist Juvenal, who mentions their relationship in passing as a well known fact Juvenal, Saturae 6.

As a spouse, Berenice chose Polemo, King of Cilicia. This match led Polemo to undertake circumcision and a Jewish lifestyle. These concessions on his part, however, did not guarantee a successful marriage. Sometime later Berenice left Polemo and returned to her kingdom. Thus she was present in Palestine when the 66—70 C. Revolt against Rome broke out.

He explains her presence in Jerusalem as resulting from a vow she had made, which she needed to fulfill.

berenice and titus relationship

As required by the vow, her hair was shorn and she walked barefoot. After this failure Berenice disappears from the pages of Josephus.


Probably his special relationship with Titus prevented him from describing the relationship that developed between Berenice and his patron. The two apparently became lovers in 68 C. Berenice was considerably older than Titus.