Doc Holliday - Wikipedia
Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (March 19, – January 13, ) was an American Old West Wyatt, Warren Earp, Doc Holliday, and others formed a federal posse which killed three of the Cowboys whom they thought responsible. . Virginia, and Adelia; as well as an elder half-brother from his father's first marriage, Newton. Doc Holliday and Wyatt Earp became fast friends, which puzzled some of . in those days when the pistol instead of law determined issues.”. Against the almost iconic status of some of those who broke the law, as a counter balance, such men as Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday gained.
Tefertiller does not belabor the point of their friendship. He does detail the benefits and costs to Earp. The Life and the Legendby Gary L. Roberts The most frustrating part about trying to write a biography of Doc Holliday is that he left so few records of a personal nature.
As a result we see him largely through the eyes of others, most of whom had agendas of their own. In the absence of personal information, an important tool is context, learning as much as possible about the times in which he lived. Context sometimes makes obvious what seemed obscure.
Doc Holliday Faces Death
The friendship of Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday is one example. Storytellers and historians have needed the latter to be a mystery in their efforts to justify or condemn Earp. But understanding 19thcentury attitudes toward male relationships takes away the mystery. The Damon—Pythias relationship between men the 19th century extolled rested upon a willingness to sacrifice for one another.
Finding more details and missing pieces is important, but sometimes one has to throw a wider loop rather than a tighter one to understand. Gunfight at the O. Producer Hal Wallis realized that none of the earlier movies on Tombstone had focused on the relationship between Earp and Holliday.
This film presents Wyatt Burt Lancaster as an upright, honest, almost puritanical lawman, while Doc Kirk Douglas is a cynical, deadly man-killer, embittered by tuberculosis and indifferent to death. Texas cowboys and even the evil Clantons are subordinate to the Earp and Holliday friendship, which director John Sturges brings to the big screen in a storm of ambiguity.
It plays loose with history, of course, and makes the Gunfight at the O. Corral the climax of the film, effectively ending the story with a showdown in which law and order triumph, and Earp and Holliday go their separate ways.
His next stop was in Fort Griffin, and it was there he met the two people who would be the closest to him for the rest of his life—Mary Katherine Haroney, known as Kate Elder, and Wyatt Earp. As usual, he wanted to make more money than off-season lawing offered, but instead of returning to Deadwood, Dakota Territory, to deal faro, Wyatt wound up in Texas. That is where the trail of a gang of train robbers took him, men he had been hired to find.
In Octobera gang of thieves had robbed a Santa Fe Railroad construction camp. He earned the nickname naturally, by bathing infrequently and wearing clothes that even by frontier standards were quite filthy. The October robbery had taken place in Kansas, and it was believed the thieves had escaped into Texas, so a deputy U. That job was given to Wyatt. This would be lonely, dangerous and exhausting work. Certainly, Wyatt could have made more money at the gaming tables.
- Wyatt Earp
It can only be conjectured that the challenge appealed to him. Day after day, for miles, he tracked Dirty Dave and his gang through Kansas and the Panhandle and deeper into Texas. Along the way he was buffeted by the late-autumn winds, his face swept by sand and grit, traveling from one watering hole to the next, being told tales of the gang having passed through, some of them true. A honeysuckle-bordered sign out front offered: Shanssey revealed that Rudabaugh had been in his establishment several days earlier but was gone, destination unknown.
Doc Holliday invited Wyatt Earp to sit down. When Wyatt declined, Doc poured a shot of whiskey just for himself. Holliday, though only 26 years old, had a haggard face and a chronic cough. He dressed well, and his face showed some spark thanks to his deep-set blue eyes and neatly trimmed mustache.
This made sense enough to Wyatt that he headed over to the telegraph office and sent a message to the sheriff of Ford County that the gang of thieves might be back in the area.
Upon receiving the telegram, Bat Masterson, the top lawman in southeast Kansas, put together a posse. One indication of how generally unlikable Doc was could be summed up this way: Thirty years later, in a magazine essay about Doc Holliday, Bat began in an evenhanded way: However, that January, such judgments were ahead of him, plus Bat doubted that Wyatt could be hoodwinked with false information.
Thus, he acted on the belief that Dirty Dave and his gang were back in Kansas. The third week in January, having by then been duly sworn in, and braving the risk of blizzards, Sheriff Masterson set off with his posse for the territory between Dodge City and for the Texas Panhandle, which included the Cherokee Strip.Tombstone Doc Holliday meets Johnny Ringo
They picked up signs on the trail that made them think the Rudabaugh group was in the area. Nasty winter weather caused Bat and his deputies to seek shelter at a ranch owned by cattleman Henry Lovell. Bat had an idea: Bat suggested that they abandon the ranch but stay near it, at least for one night. They bedded down within sight of the compound, and the four men took turns as lookouts.
Late the next afternoon, as the wan light was fading from the Western sky and Bat debated whether another night spent in the snow was merited, the lawmen saw four riders approach the ranch. The sighs of relief of Dirty Dave and his desperadoes turned to groans as Bat, Morrow, Webb and Bassett appeared out of the driving snow with their hands full of shotguns and six-shooters.
Additional circumstantial evidence also pointed to their involvement. Wyatt Earp had been appointed deputy U. After Morgan's murder, Wyatt Earp and his deputies guarded Virgil Earp and Allie on their way to the train for Colton, California where his father lived, to recuperate from his serious shotgun wound. In Tucson, on March 20,the group spotted an armed Frank Stilwell and reportedly Ike Clanton hiding among the railroad cars, apparently lying in wait with the intent to kill Virgil.
Frank Stilwell's body was found at dawn alongside the railroad tracks, riddled with buckshot and gunshot wounds. On March 21, they returned briefly to Tombstone, where they were joined by Texas Jack Vermillion and possibly others. They learned Spence was in jail  and that Cruz was cutting wood nearby. They followed the direction Judah indicated and he soon heard a dozen or so shots. When Cruz did not return the next morning, Judah went looking for him, and found his body full of bullet holes.
With Wyatt and Holliday in the lead, the six lawmen surmounted a small rise overlooking the springs.
They surprised eight cowboys camping near the springs. Wyatt Earp and Holliday left the only record of the fight. Curly Bill recognized Wyatt Earp in the lead and immediately grabbed his shotgun and fired at Earp. The other Cowboys also drew their weapons and began firing. Earp dismounted, shotgun in hand. Lacking cover, Holliday, Johnson, and McMaster retreated. Vermillion tried to retrieve his rifle wedged in the scabbard under his fallen horse, exposing himself to the Cowboys' gunfire.
Doc Holliday helped him gain cover. Wyatt had trouble remounting his horse because his cartridge belt had slipped down around his legs. Another bullet struck his boot heel and his saddle horn was hit as well, burning the saddle hide and narrowly missing Wyatt. He was finally able to get on his horse and retreat.
McMaster was grazed by a bullet that cut through the straps of his field glasses. Wyatt and Holliday, who had been fast friends, had a serious disagreement and parted ways in Albuquerque.
Jaffa, who was also president of New Albuquerque's Board of Trade. Jaffa was Jewish, and based on Otero's letter, Earp had, while staying in Jaffa's home, honored Jewish tradition by touching the mezuzah upon entering his home. According to Otero's letter, Jaffa told him, "Earp's woman was a Jewess.
When Wyatt Earp learned of the charges, he feared his friend Holliday would not receive a fair trial in Arizona.
When Doc Met Wyatt - True West Magazine
Earp asked his friend Bat Masterson, then chief of police of Trinidad, Coloradoto help get Holliday released. Masterson drew up bunco charges against Holliday. Cowen, capital reporter for the Denver Tribune, who held political sway in town.
Cowen later wrote, "He submitted proof of the criminal design upon Holliday's life. Late as the hour was, I called on Pitkin. Pitkin was persuaded by the evidence presented by Masterson and refused to honor Arizona's extradition request.
Sadie Marcus described the skeletal Holliday as having a continuous cough and standing on "unsteady legs. He had a bullet hole in his right temple and a revolver was found hanging from a finger of his hand.
A coroner's inquest officially ruled his death a suicide ;  but according to the book I Married Wyatt Earpwhich author and collector Glen Boyer claimed to have assembled from manuscripts written by Earp's third wife, Josephine Marcus EarpEarp and Holliday traveled to Arizona with some friends in early July, found Ringo in the valley, and killed him.
New York Times contributor Allen Barra wrote that the book "is now recognized by Earp researchers as a hoax". Records of the District Court of Pueblo County, Colorado indicate that Holliday and his attorney appeared in court in Pueblo on July 11, and again on July 14 to answer charges of "larceny"; but a writ of capias was issued for him on the 11th, suggesting that he may not have been in court that day.
After a stay in Leadville, he suffered from the high altitude. He increasingly depended on alcohol and laudanum to ease the symptoms of tuberculosis, and his health and his skills as a gambler began to deteriorate. When Allen demanded he be repaid, Holliday could not comply. He knew Allen was armed, and when Allen appeared ready to attack him, he shot him, wounding him in the arm. Holliday was arrested and put on trial.
He claimed self-defense, noting that Allen outweighed him by 50 pounds and he feared for his life. A witness testified that Allen had been armed and in Hyman's earlier in the day apparently looking for Holliday. On March 28,the jury acquitted Holliday. This monument replaced the former monument. Inprematurely gray and badly ailing, Holliday made his way to the Hotel Glenwood, near the hot springs of Glenwood Springs, Colorado.
When she told him no, he looked at his bootless feet, amused. The nurses said that his last words were, "This is funny. Horony later said that she attended to him in his final days, and one contemporary source appears to back her claim.
This was based on correspondence written between Holliday and his cousin, Sister Mary Melanie, a Catholic nun. No baptismal record has been found in either St. Downey, and a Presbyterian minister, Rev. Randolph, in Glenwood Springs.
When he died, Father Downey was out of town, and so Rev. Randolph presided over the burial at 4pm on the same day that Holliday died. The services were reportedly attended by "many friends". Since Holliday died in November, the ground may have been frozen. Some modern authors such as Bob Boze Bell  speculate that it would have been impossible to transport him to the cemetery, which was only accessible by a difficult mountain road, or to dig a grave because the ground was frozen.
Author Gary Roberts located evidence that other bodies were transported to the Linwood Cemetery at the same time of the month that year. Contemporary newspaper reports explicitly state that Holliday was buried in the Linwood Cemetery, but the exact location of his grave is uncertain. He had a contemporary reputation as a skilled gunfighter which modern historians generally regard as accurate. Parsons wrote that Holliday confronted Johnny Ringo in Januarytelling him, "All I want of you is ten paces out in the street.
During the Gunfight at the O. Corral, Holliday initially carried a shotgun and shot at and may have killed Tom McLaury. Holliday was grazed by a bullet fired by Frank McLaury, and shot back.
Marshall Earp who guarded him on his way to the railroad in Tucson. There they found Frank Stilwell apparently waiting for the Earps in the rail yard. A warrant for Holliday's arrest was issued after Stilwell was found dead with multiple gunshot wounds.
Doc Holliday - New World Encyclopedia
Holliday was part of Earp's federal posse when they killed three other outlaw Cowboys during the Earp Vendetta Ride. Holliday reported that he had been arrested 17 times, four attempts had been made to hang him, and that he survived ambush five times. In an article, Wyatt Earp said: