Foreign relations of India - Wikipedia
U.S.-German relations have never been so strained. like China, Korea and India have become the major demand centers for German goods. Nepal has diplomatic relations with following countries: 2, USA, Apr 3 , India, Jun 4, France, Apr- 10, FR of Germany, Apr The July summit in Hamburg, Germany, is the first for U.S. President Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, The United States' and EU's relationship with Russia has become.
Ministry of External Affairs[ edit ] The Ministry of External Affairs is the Indian government's agency responsible for the foreign relations of India. Sushma Swaraj is current Minister of External Affairs. Look East Policy[ edit ] Main article: During the cold war, India's relations with its South East Asian neighbours was not very strong.
After the end of the cold war, the government of India particularly realised the importance of redressing this imbalance in India's foreign policy. Consequently, the Narsimha Rao government in the early nineties of the last century unveiled the look east policy.
Initially it focused on renewing political and economic contacts with the countries of East and South-East Asia. After the start of liberalisation, it was a very strategic policy decision taken by the government in the foreign policy.
To quote Prime Minister Manmohan Singh "it was also a strategic shift in India's vision of the world and India's place in the evolving global economy".
When India gained independence infew Indians had experience in making or conducting foreign policy. However, the country's oldest political party, the Indian National Congresshad established a small foreign department in to make overseas contacts and to publicise its independence struggle.
From the late s on, Jawaharlal Nehruwho had a long-standing interest in world affairs among independence leaders, formulated the Congress stance on international issues.
As a member of the interim government inNehru articulated India's approach to the world. India's international influence varied over the years after independence. Indian prestige and moral authority were high in the s and facilitated the acquisition of developmental assistance from both East and West. Although the prestige stemmed from India's nonaligned stance, the nation was unable to prevent Cold War politics from becoming intertwined with interstate relations in South Asia.
In the s and s India's international position among developed and developing countries faded in the course of wars with China and Pakistan, disputes with other countries in South Asia, and India's attempt to balance Pakistan's support from the United States and China by signing the Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation in August Although India obtained substantial Soviet military and economic aid, which helped to strengthen the nation, India's influence was undercut regionally and internationally by the perception that its friendship with the Soviet Union prevented a more forthright condemnation of the Soviet presence in Afghanistan.
In the late s, India improved relations with the United States, other developed countries, and China while continuing close ties with the Soviet Union. In the s, India's economic problems and the demise of the bipolar world political system forced India to reassess its foreign policy and adjust its foreign relations.
Previous policies proved inadequate to cope with the serious domestic and international problems facing India. The end of the Cold War gutted the core meaning of nonalignment and left Indian foreign policy without significant direction.
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The hard, pragmatic considerations of the early s were still viewed within the nonaligned framework of the past, but the disintegration of the Soviet Union removed much of India's international leverage, for which relations with Russia and the other post-Soviet states could not compensate.
The Kargil War resulted in a major diplomatic victory for India. The United States and European Union recognised the fact that Pakistani military had illegally infiltrated into Indian territory and pressured Pakistan to withdraw from Kargil. Several anti-India militant groups based in Pakistan were labelled as terrorist groups by the United States and European Union.
Foreign relations of India
India has often represented the interests of developing countries at various international platforms. India's then-defence minister, George Fernandessaid that India's nuclear programme was necessary as it provided a deterrence to potential Chinese nuclear threat.
Over soldiers died in World War I. Pro-independence activists within the colonial armies sought German assistance for the cause of India's freedom resulting in the Hindu—German Conspiracy during World War I. Subhas Chandra Bosea prominent freedom fighter for Indian independence, made a determined effort to obtain India's independence from Britain by seeking military assistance from the Axis powers.
The Indische Legion was formed to serve as a liberation force for British-ruled India and was principally made up of British Indian prisoners of war and expatriates in Europe. Photo taken on 21 March by Propagandakompanien der Wehrmacht The newly formed Republic of India was one of the first nations to end the State of War with Germany after World War II and did not claim war reparations from Germany although 24, soldiers serving in the British Indian Army died in the campaign to fight Nazi Germany.
Germany was critical of India for intervening in the Bangladesh Liberation War. Germany rejected India's nuclear tests  with Chancellor Helmut Kohl saying: Merkel and her German delegation travelled on a German military cargo plane a Luftwaffe Airbus A military transport aircraft called Kurt Schumacher because the official government aircraft of the German Chancellor Konrad Adenauera Luftwaffe Airbus A VIP became unflightworthy after developing technical problems.U.S.-Germany relationship in jeopardy?
India—European Union relations The India-Germany strategic relationship is limited by the insignificance of German geopolitical influence in Asian affairs. Over the past decade, Indo-German trade grew in volume but dropped in importance. While India maintains that it will continue to demand a permanent seat with veto powers within a reformed UNSC with privileges identical to the P5 nations, it has signalled that strengthening of bilateral economic and political ties with neighbouring countries is the immediate priority.
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