Government-Business Relations - Wikiversity
India–Kuwait relations are bilateral diplomatic relations between the Republic of India and the During the s and s Bombay was a hub for many Kuwaiti businesses and the emir himself maintained a house there on the Marine Drive. The Government of Kuwait however was quick to act against calls for. India-Ghana relations are bilateral diplomatic relations between India and Ghana . As members The Government of India has extended $ million in lines of credit to Ghana which has been used for projects in (IAIIT) and a Food Processing Business Incubation Centre in Ghana under the India-Africa Forum Summit. E-government (short for electronic government) is the use of electronic communications .. It is convenient and cost-effective for businesses, and the public benefits by getting easy access to the most current . Indian government has launched many e-governance initiatives, including a portal for public grievance, MCA
The public could become a direct and prominent influence in government legislature to some degree.
Paperless office Proponents of e-government argue that online government services would lessen the need for hard copy paper forms. The United States government utilizes the website http: Speed, efficiency, and convenience[ edit ] E-government allows citizens to interact with computers to achieve objectives at any time and any location and eliminates the necessity for physical travel to government agents sitting behind desks and windows.
Many e-government services are available to citizens with computers and Internet access 24 hours a day and seven days a week, in contrast to bricks and mortar government offices, which tend to be only open during business hours notable exceptions are police stations and hospitalswhich are usually open 24 hours a day so that staff can deal with emergencies.
Improved accounting and record keeping can be noted through computerization, and information and forms can be easily accessed by citizens with computers and Internet access, which may enable quicker processing time for applications and find information.
On the administrative side, access to help find or retrieve files and linked information can now be stored in electronic databases versus hard copies paper copies stored in various locations. Individuals with disabilities or conditions that affect their mobility no longer have to be mobile to be active in government and can access public services in the comfort of their own homes   as long as they have a computer and Internet and any accessibility equipment they may need.
Although Internet-based governmental programs have been criticized for lack of reliable privacy policies, studies have shown that people value prosecution of offenders over personal confidentiality. The previous concern about developments in E-government concerning technology are due to the limited use of online platforms for political reasons by citizens in local political participations.
In the development of public sector or private sector portals and platforms, a system is created that benefits all constituents.
Citizens needing to renew their vehicle registration have a convenient way to accomplish it while already engaged in meeting the regulatory inspection requirement.
On behalf of a government partner, the business provides what has traditionally, and solely, managed by government and can use this service to generate profit or attract new customers. Government agencies are relieved of the cost and complexity of having to process the transactions. The self-funding model creates portals that pay for themselves through convenience fees for certain e-government transactions, known as self-funding portals.
Social networking services and websites are an emerging area for e-democracy. Proponents of e-government perceive government use of social networking as a medium to help government act more like the public it serves. Examples can be found at almost every state government portal through FacebookTwitterand YouTube widgets. Government and its agents also have the opportunity to follow citizens to monitor satisfaction with services they receive.
Through ListServs, RSS feeds, mobile messaging, micro-blogging services and blogs, government and its agencies can share information to citizens who share common interests and concerns. Transactions such as payment of services, such as city utilities, can be completed online or over the phone. Mundane services such as name or address changes, applying for services or grants, or transferring existing services are more convenient and no longer have to be completed face to face.
The Federal Government of the United States has a broad framework of G2C technology to enhance citizen access to Government information and services. The Digital States Survey ranks states on social measures, digital democracye-commercetaxation, and revenue. The report shows Michigan and Utah in the lead and Florida and Idaho with the lowest scores. Much like states, cities are awarded for innovative technology.
E-governance - Wikipedia
The Single Point of Access for Citizens of Europe supports travel within Europe and Europe is a initiative supporting an online government. Main focuses are to provide public information, allow customers to have access to basic public servicessimplify online procedures, and promote electronic signatures. Asia is ranked third in comparison, and there are diverse G2C programs between countries.
Singapore 's eCitizen Portal is an organized single access point to government information and services.
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Taiwan has top ranking G2C technology including an online motor vehicle services system, which provides 21 applications and payment services to citizens. Such G2C communication most often refers to that which takes place through Information and Communication Technologies ICTsbut can also include direct mail and media campaigns.
G2C can take place at the federal, state, and local levels. Customers identified the following barriers to government-to-customer e-governance: Some G2C sites have technology requirements such as browser requirements and plug-ins that won't allow access to certain services, language barriers, the necessity for an e-mail address to access certain services, and a lack of privacy.
For gaming trade show, see Global Gaming Expo. E-governance to Employee partnership G2E Is one of four main primary interactions in the delivery model of E-governance.
E-government - Wikipedia
It is the relationship between online tools, sources, and articles that help employees to maintain the communication with the government and their own companies. E-governance relationship with Employees allows new learning technology in one simple place as the computer.
Documents can now be stored and shared with other colleagues online.
Some of the benefits of G2E expansion include: E-payroll — maintaining the online sources to view paychecks, pay stubs, pay bills, and keep records for tax information. E-benefits — be able to look up what benefits an employee is receiving and what benefits they have a right to.
E-training — allows for new and current employees to regularly maintain the training they have through the development of new technology and to allow new employees to train and learn over new materials in one convenient location. E-learning is another way to keep employees informed on the important materials they need to know through the use of visuals, animation, videos, etc.Business and Government
It is usually a computer-based learning tool, although not always. It is also a way for employees to learn at their own pace distance learningalthough it can be instructor-led. Maintaining records of personal information — Allows the system to keep all records in one easy location to update with every single bit of information that is relevant to a personal file.
Examples being social security numbers, tax information, current address, and other information  Government-to-employees abbreviated G2E is the online interactions through instantaneous communication tools between government units and their employees. There were also unpublicised transfers of technology, including the engagement of a US company, Continental Electronics, to design and build a new VLF communications station at Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu, which was commissioned in the late s.
The United States strongly condemned this testing, promised sanctions, and voted in favour of a United Nations Security Council Resolution condemning the tests. President Bill Clinton imposed economic sanctions on India, including cutting off all military and economic aid, freezing loans by American banks to state-owned Indian companies, prohibiting loans to the Indian government for all except food purchases, prohibiting American aerospace technology and uranium exports to India, and requiring the US to oppose all loan requests by India to international lending agencies.
Only Japan joined the US in imposing direct sanctions, while most other nations continued to trade with India. The sanctions were soon lifted. Afterward, the Clinton administration and Prime Minister Vajpayee exchanged representatives to help rebuild relations.
India emerged in the 21st century as increasingly vital to core US foreign policy interests. India, a dominant actor in its region, and the home of more than one billion citizens, is now often characterised as a nascent Great Power and an "indispensable partner" of the US, one that many analysts view as a potential counterweight to the growing clout of China.
In MarchU. Bush collaborated closely with India in controlling and policing the strategically critical Indian Ocean sea lanes from the Suez Canal to Singapore. Bush administrationrelations between India and the United States were seen to have blossomed, primarily over common concerns regarding growing Islamic extremismenergy security, and climate change. Bush commented, "India is a great example of democracy.
It is very devout, has diverse religious heads, but everyone is comfortable about their religion. The world needs India". Bush as "being the most pro-Indian president in American history. According to Laskarthe UPA rule has seen a "transformation in bilateral ties with the US", as a result of which the relations now covers "a wide range of issues, including high technology, space, education, agriculture, trade, clean energy, counter-terrorism, etc".
SinceWashington and New Delhi have been pursuing a "strategic partnership" that is based on shared values and generally convergent geopolitical interests. Numerous economic, security, and global initiatives — including plans for civilian nuclear cooperation — are underway. This latter initiative, first launched inreversed three decades of American non-proliferation policy.
Also inthe United States and India signed a ten-year defence framework agreement, with the goal of expanding bilateral security cooperation. The two countries engaged in numerous and unprecedented combined military exercises, and major US arms sales to India were concluded. According to Michael Kugelman, South and Southeast Asia expert at the Woodrow Wilson International Center, the US was unprepared to meet new challenges in India because of its "inability to keep pace with the transformations.
He also said that both countries are strengthening the relations between their defence and research organisations. Narayanancriticised the Obama administration for linking the Kashmir dispute to the instability in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and said that by doing so, President Obama was "barking up the wrong tree.
It also suggested that India take a more proactive role in rebuilding Afghanistanirrespective of the attitude of the Obama Administration. Consequently, the Obama Administration may find itself at odds with India's rigid stance against terrorism. Calling India and the United States "natural allies",  Blake said that the United States cannot afford to meet the strategic priorities in Pakistan and Afghanistan at "the expense of India". She also rebuked protectionist policies, saying that "[United States] will not use the global financial crisis as an excuse to fall back on protectionism.
We hope India will work with us to create a more open, equitable set of opportunities for trade between our nations. Krishna, visited Washington, D. As leader of the US delegation, Secretary of State Clinton lauded India as "an indispensable partner and a trusted friend".
Eisenhower in to ever address a joint session of the Parliament of India.