India-Russia Relationship: Past, Present & Future — Valdai Club
Relations between India and Russia are rooted in history, mutual trust and mutually beneficial cooperation. This is a strategic partnership that. Content Owned by Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. Visitors: , Page last updated on: 2/1/ Working hours at Headquarters 9: Indo-Russian relations refer to the bilateral relations between India and Russia. During the .. Chandrayaan-2 was a joint lunar exploration mission proposed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) actor Oleg Strizhenov alongside Hindi screen legend Nargis Dutt in the s film Journey Beyond Three Seas.
Both sides are working to expand the trade basket and identify new areas of trade. India is also significantly increasing cooperation between the States of India and Regions of Russia. We have nine sister State and sister city agreements, and more are under consideration. The Russian Far East is a new focus of our policy. India, Russia and other neighbouring countries are engaged in efforts to operationalise the International North-South Transport Corridor which promises to propel connectivity and trade relations between the two countries.
The two countries have signed a Protocol on 24 December to simplify visa procedures for businessmen.
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In an important new step to integrate our economies, India and the Eurasian Economic Union have agreed to begin negotiations on a Free Trade Agreement. The two countries have agreed to cooperate in projects in third countries. Indian and Russian companies have been cooperating in oil and gas exploration in Vietnam. Russia is an indispensable partner in the sphere of nuclear energy and recognizes India as a responsible country with advanced nuclear technology with an impeccable non-proliferation record.
After the Paris Agreement on Climate Change India considers nuclear energy as an important source of energy to meet its energy and climate change obligations. This has brought both countries together into a mutually beneficial relationship. Rosatom is building six units of nuclear reactors at the Kudankulam site in Tamil Nadu.
Two units are already operational and the next four are in different stages of implementation. India attaches very high importance to local manufacturing in India of equipment and components for upcoming and future Russian-designed nuclear power projects.
70 years of India-Russia relations: A historic milestone
India and Russia have several ongoing cooperation activities in the areas of space, science and technology, education and research. The Indian Department of Science and Technology and Russian Foundation forBasic Research have celebrated ten years of fruitful scientific joint projects.
We have set up a Russia-India Network of Universities, and cooperation is underway in different aspects of space technology. The most recent area of cooperation which is emerging is the Arctic which has a lot of multi-disciplinary potential. India and Russia have strong cultural ties, which are an important contribution to the strong and robust relations between the countries. Historical linkages have contributed to creating goodwill between the nations.
Russian scholars like Gerasim Lebedev and Nicholas Roerich have travelled to India and studied Indian culture and philosophy. The grand epic of India, Mahabharata, has been translated into Russian. Similarly, Russian literature and thinkers like Leo Tolstoy, Alexander Pushkin and others have had a profound influence and contribution to Indian literature and thought.
Several generations of Russians have grown up watching Indian films. Yoga in Russia has been growing and becoming increasingly popular since the s, particularly in majors cities and urban centres.
Russian Institutions, including leading universities and schools, regularly teach Hindi to Russian students. Chairs on Ayurveda and Contemporary Indian studies have also been set up in different Russian Universities. The number of Indian tourists to Russia and Russian tourists to India has shown significant increase in the last two years.
The two countries have agreed to renew their Cultural Exchange Programme for the period Regional and International Cooperation: In the international arena both countries have similar positions and coordinate their actions.
The unique political proximity between the nations is reflected in congruence in global priorities. Both the countries share similar views on fighting terrorism without double standards, a more representative multi-polar world order based on international law with UN playing a central role, and resolving threats to international peace and security.
On Syria and Afghanistan, both countries have called for resolute action to bring about a lasting and peaceful solution, and defeating the forces of terrorism. We cooperate on other global challenges such as cyber security, preventing weaponisation of outer space and prevention of weapons of mass destruction. Indo-Russian energy cooperation is also expected to get a boost in the coming years. India imports oil, mostly from the volatile region of Middle East. However, to sustain current high rate of growth, India need to secure and diversify sources of energy import.
According to the International Energy Agency, India would be the third largest energy consumer in the world by after US and China. Indo-Russian energy cooperation acquired new dimensions in the post-Soviet period, particularly in the hydrocarbon and nuclear sector. India is energy deficient country and Russia is energy surplus and therefore, a mutual interest lies in this sector.
Indian side feels that there is a clear compatibility between India's needs and Russia's resources. Indian side is adopting a policy to implement the experience of Sakhalin-1 to other oilfields in Russia. India has geared-up its energy diplomacy and is moving quickly to penetrate in the Russian energy market.
Today, the weakest link in Indo-Russian cooperation remains trade and economic ties. Trade between the two countries is extremely low. Of course, the proposal to increase this target has been announced by both the sides. Now that stringent visa regulations have eased to certain extend, the dynamic private sector companies of both the countries are engaged in boosting-up the economic partnership with each other.
Private Sector in both the countries is trying to work closely to give a new direction to the economic relationship. This project covers an area of aboutsq. This project incorporates nine mega industrial zones. However, there are still certain issues related to inadequate banking and financial services, lack of brand promotion, removal of discrimination in insurance coverage and quality control concerns are coming-up as a stumbling block in Indo-Russian economic cooperation.
India and Russia are also trying to collaborate on new areas which need to be explored further, like in the area of democratisation process, social policy diffusion, in religious dialogues, in promoting secularism, tolerance, multi-ethnicity, for developments of internal economic management and planning etc. Amidst all these positive developments as well as certain concerns, there is a hope that India-Russia friendship and the strategic partnership will scale new heights and it will grow, thrive and blossom in the coming years.
Nonetheless, there is a need to create wider public interest and understanding for developing the relationship, particularly among the increasingly influential younger generations. Without strong public support, it will be difficult to provide greater depth, a sound foundation and long-term stability to this mutually beneficial strategic partnership. There is no substitute for spontaneous and natural people-to people exchanges.
India and Russia will need to build direct contacts with the entire spectrum of stakeholders and interest groups in the political, economic, military and other spheres.
Today, India-Russia relationship has many positive dimensions and can move on steadily. India-Russia Civil Nuclear Cooperation India-Russia Civil Nuclear Cooperation Reaffirmed that cooperation on peaceful use of nuclear energy and cooperation in nuclear sector is significant for Russia-India strategic partnership. India-Russia civil nuclear cooperation while long-standing has not been without its ups and downs, however, both the Nations decided to accelerate bilateral civil nuclear energy cooperation.
The cooperation in this sector depends much on the manner in which both the Nations conduct their bilateral diplomacy. The two sides welcomed progress in identifying the sites in India for additional nuclear reactor units to be set up in cooperation with Russia.
It appears that potential sites have been offered in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. It is learnt that President Putin has plans to sell as many as 25 nuclear reactors to India through Russia's state-owned energy giant, Rosatom. The pace of both the countries cooperation in nuclear energy is increasing. At present, both the countries are progressing on fulfilling the plans for 12 Russian nuclear reactors at two sites.
The recent agreement will increase Indian manufacturing content in these reactors.