Israel: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief - promovare-site.info
US President Donald Trump and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu shake hands after speaking at the Israel · US 'fully supports' Israeli efforts to counter Iran's. 70 years of U.S. - Israel relations. 13 U.S. presidents and a look at each one's relationship with the Jewish state and the Middle East. U.S.-ISRAEL RELATIONS. The United States was the first country to recognize Israel as a state in , and the first to recognize Jerusalem as.
They are voiced without fear of ridicule, the instant response that would have greeted a claim that the political feelings of Czechs or Poles or Chinese or anyone else living under politically unfree conditions could be discounted as inconsequential.
Over the last decade, cities in Iraq, Lebanon and Gaza have been ripped apart by U. While mass antiwar protests broke out across Europe, there were none in Israel, where When Israelis talk, Americans listen.
When Israelis want to circulate their views, they have an access to the opinion pages of elite newspapers and slots on network news shows that leaders of no other foreign country can dream of. If Israeli leaders had voiced similar sentiments, it is inconceivable the invasion would have taken place.
In its wake, Israelis and American friends of that country have worked overtime to rewrite history and absolve Israel of any responsibility for the disaster. But, even if it were likely that Israel preferred the United States to attack Iran, Israeli leaders lobbied energetically for a war against Iraq.
The weak Saddam regime was low-hanging fruit, after all. This marks an interesting turnabout. A top selling point of the special relationship has long been that Israel did not need U.
Now that doctrine, implicitly abandoned with the Israeli campaign for an American war on Iraq, has been tossed out the window. Hence it is calling on its only real ally, the United States, to do the job. Polls indicate that Americans remain reluctant to fight Iran over any cause other than an Iranian attack on U.
Andrew Grotto has examined some of the scholarship that underlies these claims as an analyst at the Center for American Progress. His findings are instructive. The articles claiming a religious basis for the Iranian desire for apocalyptic martyrdom frequently cite one another in a kind of circular footnoting that gives the impression of serious scholarship.
Another frequent source for the wilder claims about Iran is a work by an MEK member an anti-Iranian-regime group labeled terrorist by the U. The Logic of an Israeli Obsession. He added that none of the five believed Iran was an imminent threat: Instead, such prestigious publications as The Atlantic Monthly, The Washington Post and The New Republic are helping to disseminate a tendentious misrepresentation of Shiite theology shared by neither Israeli nor Western experts.
The misrepresentations then bounce around the American media echo chamber, acquiring the status of received wisdom. Precisely as in the run-up to the Iraq War, an element of right-wing Israeli discourse has managed to carve for itself a privileged spot in the American political dialogue. What began as a struggle between Zionist settlers and Palestinian Arabs became in a conflict between Israel and the neighboring Arab states. It has now been transformed into a battle between Israel and the larger Muslim world.
The surrounding Arab states now pose no serious military challenge to Israel.Frenemies: a story of Iran, Israel and the United States
Iraq has been shattered and may not recover for a generation. Iran, long an ally of Israel, is now a foe. So, apparently, is Turkey.
The US-Israeli relationship faces a storm on the horizon | Michael H Fuchs | Opinion | The Guardian
Turkish leaders, long allied with Israel and the United States, have expressed public solidarity with the Palestinians in Gaza. To the extent it succeeds, the United States will have fewer friends and more enemies. Finally, we must consider another cost, one not easily measured in terms of blood and treasure. It is hard to miss that anti-Muslim bigotry is becoming embedded in American political culture, and Israel and its supporters are playing a substantial role in generating it.
But bigotry has not had a mainstream sanction in the United States since the civil-rights movement. That is no longer the case. The American political environment now contains several well-funded institutions devoted to painting everything having to do with Islam in the worst possible light. It comes from conservatives like the prominent Republican Newt Gingrich, and from liberals like Alan Dershowitz. Much of it is purely Zionist in motivation: But unlike that idea, the notion that the United States benefits from Israel seems extraordinarily far-fetched.
What is in the special relationship for Americans? It is obvious what is in it for Israel. First, large amounts of foreign aid, though Israel is by any standard a rich country. Second, privileged access to the arsenals of the most advanced armed forces in the world.
Third, the support of American diplomacy, to spare Israel from the brunt of international condemnation or sanctions for its actions. Some of the minor, but far from trivial, milestones of the relationship — the Lavon Affair, the sinking of the USS Liberty, the Jonathan Pollard case — make it evident that Israeli leaders do not regard the United States as an ally at all.
The affection implicit in the special relationship flows in one direction only. They ranked Israel dead last among allies for intelligence cooperation with the United States. The same story noted that American counterintelligence officials, pointing to aggressive Israeli spy operations on U. S soil, ranked only Russia and China as more serious intelligence threats. Surely domestic politics accounts for a good deal of the explanation. But there is another, strategic, reason that is seldom mentioned publicly.
This is indisputable; it is the point James Forrestal made to President Truman more than 60 years ago. And what is the greatest threat to stability?
Well, says Roth, it is Israel itself. As a result, any suspicion on the part of its leaders that the United States is backing away from it might incite Israel to behave more aggressively than it already does. The reassessment crisis came to an end with the Israeli—Egyptian disengagement of forces agreement of 4 September With the May election of Likud 's Menachem Begin as prime minister, after 30 years of leading the Israeli government opposition, major changes took place regarding Israeli withdrawal from the occupied territories.
The two frameworks included in the Carter-initiated Camp David process were viewed by right-wing elements in Israel as creating US pressures on Israel to withdraw from the captured Palestinian territoriesas well as forcing it to take risks for the sake of peace with Egypt. It led to Israeli withdrawal from Sinai by Likud governments have since argued that their acceptance of full withdrawal from the Sinai as part of these accords and the eventual Egypt—Israel Peace Treaty fulfilled the Israeli pledge to withdraw from occupied territory.
Reagan administration — President Ronald Reagan meeting Israeli Ambassador to the United States Ephraim EvronIsraeli supporters expressed concerns early in the first Ronald Reagan term about potential difficulties in US—Israeli relations, in part because several Presidential appointees had ties or past business associations with key Arab countries for example, Secretaries Caspar Weinberger and George P. Shultz were officers in the Bechtel Corporationwhich has strong links to the Arab world; see Arab lobby in the United States.
However, President Reagan's personal support for Israel, and the compatibility between Israeli and Reagan perspectives on terrorismsecurity cooperation, and the Soviet threat, led to considerable strengthening in bilateral relations.
InWeinberger and Israeli Minister of Defense Ariel Sharon signed the Strategic Cooperation Agreementestablishing a framework for continued consultation and cooperation to enhance the national security of both countries.
In Novemberthe two sides formed a Joint Political Military Groupwhich meets twice a year, to implement most provisions of that agreement. Joint air and sea military exercises began in Juneand the United States constructed two War Reserve Stock facilities in Israel to stockpile military equipment.
Israel: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief
Although intended for American forces in the Middle East, the equipment can be transferred to Israeli use if necessary. US—Israeli ties strengthened during the second Reagan term. Israel was granted " major non-NATO ally " status ingiving it access to expanded weapons systems and opportunities to bid on US defense contracts. Since then all customs duties between the two trading partners have been eliminated. However, relations soured when Israel carried out Operation Operaan Israeli airstrike on the Osirak nuclear reactor in Baghdad.
Reagan suspended a shipment of military aircraft to Israel, and harshly criticized the action. Relations also soured during the Lebanon Warwhen the United States even contemplated sanctions to stop the Israeli Siege of Beirut.
The US reminded Israel that weaponry provided by the US was to be used for defensive purposes only, and suspended shipments of cluster munitions to Israel. Although the war exposed some serious differences between Israeli and US policies, such as Israel's rejection of the Reagan peace plan of 1 Septemberit did not alter the Administration's favoritism for Israel and the emphasis it placed on Israel's importance to the United States.
But, despite the US—PLO dialogue, the Pollard spy case, and the Israeli rejection of the Shultz peace initiative in the spring ofpro-Israeli organizations in the United States characterized the Reagan Administration and the th Congress as the "most pro-Israel ever", and praised the positive overall tone of bilateral relations.
President Bush raised the ire of the Likud government when he told a press conference on 3 Marchthat East Jerusalem was occupied territory and not a sovereign part of Israel as Israel says. Israel had annexed East Jerusalem inan action which did not gain international recognition.
The United States and Israel disagreed over the Israeli interpretation of the Israeli plan to hold elections for a Palestinian peace conference delegation in the summer ofand also disagreed over the need for an investigation of the Jerusalem incident of 8 Octoberin which Israeli police killed 17 Palestinians. The United States urged Israel not to retaliate against Iraq for the attacks because it was believed that Iraq wanted to draw Israel into the conflict and force other coalition members, Egypt and Syria in particular, to quit the coalition and join Iraq in a war against Israel.
Is the U.S.-Israel relationship in danger? - Israel News - Jerusalem Post
Israel did not retaliate, and gained praise for its restraint. Following the Gulf War, the administration immediately returned to Arab-Israeli peacemaking, believing there was a window of opportunity to use the political capital generated by the US victory to revitalize the Arab-Israeli peace process. On 6 MarchPresident Bush addressed Congress in a speech often cited as the administration's principal policy statement on the new order in relation to the Middle East, following the expulsion of Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
The centerpiece of his program, however, was the achievement of an Arab—Israeli treaty based on the territory-for-peace principle and the fulfillment of Palestinian rights. This was both because President Bush and Secretary Baker felt the coalition victory and increased US prestige would itself induce a new Arab—Israeli dialogue, and because their diplomatic initiative focused on process and procedure rather than on agreements and concessions.
From Washington's perspective, economic inducements would not be necessary, but these did enter the process because Israel injected them in May. It was reported widely that the Bush Administration did not share an amicable relationship with the Likud government of Yitzhak Shamir. However, the Israeli government did win the repeal of United Nations General Assembly Resolutionwhich equated Zionism with racism. The Labor coalition approved a partial housing construction freeze in the occupied territories on 19 July, something the Shamir government had not done despite Bush Administration appeals for a freeze as a condition for the loan guarantees.
Israel and the PLO exchanged letters of mutual recognition on 10 September, and signed the Declaration of Principles on 13 September President Clinton disagreed with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 's policy of expanding Jewish settlements in the occupied territories, and it was reported that the President believed that the Prime Minister delayed the peace process.
Their job is not to yell at Netanyahu for being close to the Republicans; their job is to get close to the Democrats. Poll after poll shows that grassroots support for Israel in the Republican Party outpaces that in the Democratic Party, even though Jews still vote overwhelmingly for Democrats. Regarding the non-Jews, Abrams pointed out that Israel has been governed by a right-of-center government for the last 17 years.
The message sent by [president Barack] Obama was not that Israel is terrific. But he has his doubts, and points out that Lapid, Gabbay, Herzog and their supporters were largely supportive of recent IDF action on the Gaza border and in Syria. So the notion that if there were a center-left government here, the American Left would immediately become pro-Israel, just does not seem to be correct.
Abrams said that among both Jewish and non-Jewish Democrats, it is unlikely that any one policy change by the government — such as a settlement freeze — would fundamentally change attitudes.