AFGHANISTAN v. Languages – Encyclopaedia Iranica
Afghanistan is a multilingual country in which two languages – Dari and Pashto – are both official and most widely spoken. Dari is the official name of the Persian language in Afghanistan. It is often referred to as the Afghan Persian. Both Persian and Pashto are Indo-European languages from the Iranian Dari is the most widely spoken language of Afghanistan's official. Afghanistan has two official languages, Pashto and Dari. official in three countries — Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan — and spoken in many from their cultural, linguistic, and historical ties to the Persian-speaking world.”. Farsi is spoken today primarily in Iran and Afghanistan, but was historically a more Farsi is a subgroup of West Iranian languages that include Dari and Tajik; the it had diplomatic relations with, to call Persia “Iran,” which is the name of the.
There are dozens of regional variations of Persian inside Iran and Afghanistan, Naderi says. Dari is the lingua franca in Afghanistan, where it is the native tongue of ethnic Tajiks, Hazaras, and Aimaqs as well as being spoken by Pashtuns in and around the capital, Kabul.
Many educated Afghans are bilingual, speaking both Dari and Pashto, the country's other official language. Constitutional Standoff Dari became an official language in Afghanistan in the country's constitution. Two earlier constitutions in the 20th century had labeled it Farsi. The late Afghan historian Mir Sediq Farhang, who was a member of the commission that drafted the constitution, wrote in his memoirs published in that the term Dari became a compromise in a standoff between the ruling Pashtun elite and leaders of the Persian-speaking community.
Farhang wrote that Afghanistan's Pashtun leaders wanted Pashto as the sole official language, claiming that Farsi belonged to Iran. To ensure equity between Pashto and Farsi, Persian speakers opted to include the name Dari to make a superficial distinction, Farhang wrote. While Dari became the official name of the language, Farsi is still the word of choice among many Persian speakers even today.
Political Move It is the politics surrounding Dari that has angered many Persian speakers, who say the term Dari was favored by Pashtun leaders as a means of distancing Afghanistan from the Persian cultural and political sphere.
Ali Adili, a researcher at Afghanistan Analysts Network, an independent think tank in Kabul, says many see the BBC name change as a continuation of this policy. The language dispute comes with ethnic tensions running high, spurred on by an unpopular and polarized central government in which power is divided between President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah, who draw political support from the Pashtun and ethnic Tajik communities, respectively.
Ghani has been accused of ethnic favoritism and stoking tensions, allegations that he vehemently denies.
Adili says ethnic and linguistic issues are a manifestation of broader identity politics in Afghanistan. His son Mahmud conquered Persia for a short time inwhile it was ridden by civil strife and foreign interests from the Safavids their arch rivals, the Ottomans and the Russians. As a result, an eastern dialect of PersianDari is one of the official language of Afghanistan.
Farsi language history
Many in Afghanistan celebrate Nowruza pre-Islamic Iranian spring celebration celebrated in many countries and regions in the world, of which the main representative is Balkh a province in the north of Afghanistan. Diplomatic relations[ edit ] Map showing the Helmand River drainage basin. Afghanistan signed a treaty of friendship with Iran in when the country was ruled by King Amanullah Khan and Iran was still under the Qajar dynasty.
In September ties between two countries were broken off and resumed in May Disputes over the Helmand water are noted in the s, flaring again after the river changed course in Inthe kings of the two countries signed an accord to share water rights, which was signed but never ratified; this was repeated in with a treaty between the prime ministers of both nations, and again not ratified.
The mujahideen were made up of various groups that were trained by Pakistan and the West. In the wake of the Iranian revolution and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Iranian consulate in Afghanistan closed, as did the Afghan consulate in Iran.
Relations between Afghanistan and Iran quickly deteriorated even more.
Farsi Language History and Facts | Today Translations London, UK
Iran supported the mujahideen rebels and provided various types of assistances to them who pledged loyalty to the Iranian Revolution. In the meantime, over a million Afghan refugees were allowed to enter Iran. Relations with the Taliban deteriorated further in after Taliban forces seized the Iranian consulate in the northern Afghan city of Mazar-i-Sharif and executed Iranian diplomats. Since latethe new Afghan government under Hamid Karzai has engaged in cordial relations with both Iran and the United States, even as relations between the United States and Iran have grown strained due to American objections to Iran's nuclear program.
Iran was an important factor in the overthrow of the Taliban and has since helped revive Afghanistan's economy and infrastructure. In the meantime, Iran joined the reconstruction of Afghanistan. Most of its contributions are aimed at developing the Afghan Shi'a communities, especially the ethnic Hazaras and Qizilbash. On the contrary, many Afghan politicians and experts claim that both Iran and Pakistan are working to weaken Afghanistan.
Three of the individuals were killed Iranians certainly view as making life more difficult for us if Afghanistan is unstable. We don't have that kind of relationship with the Iranians. That's why I am particularly troubled by the interception of weapons coming from Iran.