Monarch butterflies and milkweed symbiotic relationship worksheet

Examples of Commensalism for a Better Understanding of the Concept

monarch butterflies and milkweed symbiotic relationship worksheet

My students need seeds and supplies for growing a butterfly garden at school to learn about ecosystems and the relationships of organisms. These students. Monarch butterflies are attracted to Milkweed not only because of their color, but also the nectar. There is a symbiotic relationship, the Milkweed feeds the Monarch, which aides in the pollination of the flowers Calendar & Tip Sheet. an example of symbiotic relationship of plants and insects. Monarch butterfly and milkweed.

Bees and flowers Bees are the most prolific pollinators in nature. They spend the majority of their time searching for pollen and nectar as they are the main sources of food for themselves and their young. There are over 4, different species of native bees in the United States alone. Surprising to most, the honey bee is not one of them. Honey bees were imported to North America by English settlers. Flowers that have evolved to attract bees as their main pollinators often are full of nectar and colored bright white, yellow, or blue.

Bees cannot see the color red, which may be why flowers with red colors do not tend to attract bees. Bees have branched hairs that pick up pollen while they are feeding.

Examples of Commensalism for a Better Understanding of the Concept

Some bees have even developed basketlike structures on their hind legs that allow them to carry pollen. A number of plants have evolved mechanisms that only allow certain bees to receive their nectar and pollinate them. For example, different species of bees have many different lengths of tongues.

Some flowers store their nectar in areas inaccessible to bees with short tongues. Other plants have evolved even more complex structures to keep certain pollinators from getting to their nectar. Snapdragons produce irregularly shaped flowers that keep nectar and pollen closed away. Only bees of the correct weight are able to open the flower to expose the nectar and pollen when they land on its landing pad.

Butterflies and flowers Unlike bees, butterflies can see the color red, so many of the flowers they are attracted to are colored bright red, pink, or purple. Similar to bees, butterflies can see light in the UV spectrum and lots of the flowers that attract butterflies have areas that reflect UV light to guide the butterfly to the nectar.

Butterflies are also lured to a flower by its fragrance. They use their feet to taste and need to land to feed.

Monarch Matters

The flowers that often attract butterflies have larger landing pads near the source of nectar. A butterfly drinks nectar through its proboscis, a long strawlike tube that is part of its mouth. The nectar of flowers visited by butterflies is often deeply hidden where only butterfly proboscises can reach. As butterflies feed, they may also pick up pollen on their legs, mouth, and wings. When they travel to another flower, there is a chance the pollen will be transferred and reproduction will take place.

The monarch butterflies enjoy the nectar from the flowers and help pollinate the plants. Unfortunately, there are no substitutes for where monarchs can lay their eggs.

Monarchs and Milkweed go together like Peanut Butter and Jelly.

Swamp milkweed in Altona Forest damp growing conditions Monarch on common milkweed dry growing conditions Milkweed is a broad-leafed native plant that is used by monarchs as their only nursery. Monarchs lay eggs on the undersides of the leaves and their larvae become striped caterpillars and feed on the leaves as they develop. Without the milkweed, the caterpillars would die — but Ontario put milkweed on the noxious weeds list which forced its eradication.

The monarch caterpillars are not affected by the mildly toxic nature of this plant and become toxic themselves which makes them less attractive prey creating their defense mechanism. Monarchs feed and breed in Ontario summers. Come colder weather, they make that astounding migration south. The south-traveling generation are by far the longest-lived of the 4 generations. It mimics the native milkweed in many ways — but cannot sustain monarchs.

It is a small fish growing up to a size of 1 to 3 feet. The remora forms a special relationship with sharks and other sea organisms like whales and turtles. It has special suckers attached to its fins. It attaches itself to the bodies of sharks, and uses the shark for transportation as well as protection from its predators.

monarch butterflies and milkweed symbiotic relationship worksheet

It also eats up the scraps of food that are left over when the shark eats its prey. Pseudoscorpions and Beetles Pseudoscorpions are scorpion-like insects that usually grow to less than one centimeter in length.

They are different from other types of scorpions in the way that they do not have stingers. Some species of the pseudoscorpions hide themselves under the wing covers of large insects like beetles.

This gives them protection from their predators, and also provides them a means of transportation over a larger area.

Monarch Matters -

Because of its small size and lack of sting, it does not harm the beetle in any way. Monarch Butterfly and Milkweed The Monarch butterfly is a well-known type of butterfly found commonly in the North American region.

At the larval stage, it forms a commensal relationship with certain species of milkweeds. The milkweeds contain a poisonous chemical known as cardiac glycoside, which is harmful to almost all vertebrates.

monarch butterflies and milkweed symbiotic relationship worksheet

The Monarch stores these poisonous chemicals in its body throughout its lifespan. When a bird eats a Monarch butterfly, it finds it distasteful, and gets sick. Thus, they avoid eating it. Birds Following Army Ants Many birds form a commensal relationship with some species of ants like the army ants. A great number of army ants trail on the forest floor, and while moving, stir up many insects lying in their path.