BBC Bitesize - Higher History - Reasons for the February Revolution, - Revision 2
Nicholas II, the last czar of Russia, ascended to the throne following the death of . The royal couple moved into the Alexander Palace at Tsarskoye Selo just . on matters of great importance based upon Rasputin's advice. Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June – 17 July ) was Empress of Russia as the spouse of Nicholas II—the last ruler of the Russian Empire—from their marriage on .. Alexei recovered after Rasputin's advice was followed. From Alexandra was a strong woman and very decisive, but her advice and her While Tsar Nicholas II was away at war, the Duma feared in.
InNicholas also accompanied his parents and younger brother, two-year-old George, on a two-month, semi-official visit to England. Nicholas and his other family members bore witness to Alexander II's death, having been present at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburgwhere he was brought after the attack.
Tsarevich Nicholas in Japan InNicholas's coming-of-age ceremony was held at the Winter Palace, where he pledged his loyalty to his father. At the wedding in St. Petersburg, the sixteen-year-old Tsarevich met with and admired the bride's youngest surviving sister, twelve-year-old Princess Alix. Those feelings of admiration blossomed into love following her visit to St. Petersburg five years later in Alix had feelings for him in turn. As a devout Lutheran, she was initially reluctant to convert to Russian Orthodoxy in order to marry Nicholas, but later relented.
Nicholas visited Egypt, India, Singapore, and Bangkok, receiving honors as a distinguished guest in each country.
The incident cut his trip short. Returning overland to St.Nicholas II Romanov & the Declaration of the World War I - Nicholas and Alexandra
Petersburg, he was present at the ceremonies in Vladivostok commemorating the beginning of work on the Trans-Siberian Railway. InNicholas traveled to London on behalf of his parents to be present at the wedding of his cousin, the Duke of York to Princess Mary of Teck.
Queen Victoria was struck by the physical resemblance between the two cousins, and their appearances confused some at the wedding.
During this time, Nicholas had an affair with St. Petersburg ballerina Mathilde Kschessinska. He attended meetings of the State Council ; however, as his father was only in his forties, it was expected that it would be many years before Nicholas succeeded to the throne.
Once in Coburg Nicholas proposed to Alix, but she rejected his proposal, being reluctant to convert to Orthodoxy. But the Kaiser later told her she had a duty to marry Nicholas and to convert, as her sister Elizabeth had voluntarily done in Thus Nicholas and Alix became officially engaged on 20 April Nicholas's parents initially hesitated to give the engagement their blessing, as Alix had made poor impressions during her visits to Russia.
Alexandra was not hugely popular in Russia. She was reserved and awkward in public. More importantly, she was a German princess and some were suspicious as to where here loyalties lay in the war. Alexandra gained increasing influence over the appointment of ministers to the government.
She was determined that no member of the imperial government should ever be in a sufficiently strong position to challenge the authority of her beloved husband.
She appointed less threatening, sometimes incompetent, ministers to replace those who knew how to govern. As a result, members of the government tended to be increasingly weak and ineffective men.
They owed their positions to winning favour with the Tsarina, rather than their ability and effectiveness.
This would have been bad enough with Russia at peace, but in wartime, it led inevitably to disaster for the monarchy and for Russia. Issues with Rasputin Rasputin The imperial family was brought into disrepute as the Tsarina fell under the influence of Grigori Rasputin.
Rasputin was a monk from Siberia. He was rumoured to be a Khlyst, member of an extreme underground sect that had split from the Orthodox Church. He was infamous for his drunkenness and for womanising. However he also gained a reputation as a healer, able to perform amazing feats and miracles.
Rasputin came to the attention of the royal family. In AprilAlexandra called on him to heal her only son, the Tsarevich Alexis.
Tsar Nicholas II and his effects on the Russian Revolution of - SchoolWorkHelper
He was suffering from painful bleeding as a result of an injury. It was not publicly known but Alexis suffered from the blood disease haemophilia.
After Alexis recovered, Tsarina Alexandra became convinced that Rasputin could control the young boy's illness. While there is still debate over the nature of his powers over the health of Alexis, it is clear that his influence over the Tsarina was considerable. He advised her on appointments to the government, interfered in important decisions.