Parasitic relationship in plants and animals

parasitic relationship in plants and animals

Parasitic plants can increase the diversity of plant species in an area by As is also the case with mutualistic relationships, when we see an individual animal. Parasitic Relationships. A parasitic relationship is one in which one organism, the parasite, lives off of another Parasitic plants and fungi can attack animals. Insects and Parasitism with Plants and Animals. . tainability of the many symbiotic relationships among plants, animals, and microbes that enhance our global.

Symbiosis - Wikipedia

Antagonism occurs when one organism is damaged or killed by another through a chemical secretion. An example of competition is a sapling growing under the shadow of a mature tree.

parasitic relationship in plants and animals

The mature tree can rob the sapling of necessary sunlight and, if the mature tree is very large, it can take up rainwater and deplete soil nutrients. Throughout the process, the mature tree is unaffected by the sapling. Indeed, if the sapling dies, the mature tree gains nutrients from the decaying sapling. An example of antagonism is Juglans nigra black walnutsecreting juglone, a substance which destroys many herbaceous plants within its root zone.

parasitic relationship in plants and animals

Whilst the presence of the grass causes negligible detrimental effects to the animal's hoof, the grass suffers from being crushed. Whilst the presence of the weevil has almost no influence on food availability, the presence of ibex has an enormous detrimental effect on weevil numbers, as they consume significant quantities of plant matter and incidentally ingest the weevils upon it.

Symbiotic Relationships-Definition and Examples-Mutualism,Commensalism,Parasitism

The cuckoos behave as brood parasites, laying their eggs in the nests of other birds, such as the reed warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus. The cuckoo depends on those hosts to raise their young.

Parasitism Examples

The fledgling cuckoo shoves the young reed warbler chicks out of the nest and is fed by the adult that accepts the gigantic chick as her own.

Another form of parasitism, such as that practiced by some ants on ants of other species, is known as social parasitism.

parasitic relationship in plants and animals

Social parasitism is a condition where a parasitizing ant species depends upon the labour provided by a host ant species within the context of a mixed-species colony. Parasites may also become parasitized; such a relationship, known as hyperparasitismmay be exemplified by a protozoan the hyperparasite living in the digestive tract of a flea living on a dog.

Sexual parasitism, which is actually a type of specialized reproductionis most commonly associated with deep-sea anglerfishwhere it occurs in more than 20 species.

parasitic relationship in plants and animals

In these fish, males are much smaller than females. In the case of the northern seadevil, or deep-sea angler, Ceratias holboelli, females may be more than 60 times the size of males.


Aphids are insects that eat the sap from the plants on which they live. Parasitic plants and fungi can attack animals.

parasitic relationship in plants and animals

A fungus causes lumpy jaw, a disease that injures the jaws of cattle and hogs. There are also parasitic plants and fungi that attack other plants and fungi.

  • Parasitism Examples

A parasitic fungus causes wheat rust and the downy mildew fungus attacks fruit and vegetables. Some scientists say that one-celled bacteria and viruses that live in animals and harm them, such as those that cause the common cold, are parasites as well.

However, they are still considered different from other parasites. Many types of parasites carry and transmit disease.