Mary, Queen of Scots - Wikipedia
Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December – 8 February ), also known as Mary Stuart or Following an uprising against the couple, Mary was imprisoned in Loch Leven protection of her first cousin once removed, Queen Elizabeth I of England. .. on the goal of the English throne over the internal problems of Scotland. Deadly Rivals: Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots (exclusive to The Library) However, her marriage in to her Catholic second cousin. Mary Queen of Scots and the Murder of Lord Darnley by Alison Weir It is hard not to feel that reducing Elizabeth and Mary to their relationship has the effect of diminishing We hope to pass our goal by early January
But her Catholic guardians were opposed to the match and took the young Mary to Stirling Castle, breaking the agreement.
MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS
Henry ordered a series of savage, yet unsuccessful raids into Scotland known as 'The Rough Wooing'. At the French court Conscious of the benefits of an alliance with France, the Scots betrothed the young queen to Francis, the four-year-old heir to the French crown, and sent Mary to be raised at the court of Henry II. In Aprilthe young couple were duly married and Francis became king inbriefly uniting the French and Scottish crowns. However, Francis died from an ear infection the following year.
A widow at just 18, Mary returned to Scotland where she faced many challenges. As a Catholic in a country that was officially Protestant, she was regarded with suspicion by some of her subjects.Mary, Queen of Scots - Biography
Mary accepted the Protestant-led government and initially ruled with moderation. Their relationship quickly broke down and as the spoiled and petulant Darnley spent less time with Mary, she became increasingly close to her advisor, the Earl of Bothwell. They claimed Rizzio was having an affair with Mary and was using this as leverage to gain influence in court.
Review: Mary Queen of Scots and Elizabeth and Mary | Books | The Guardian
Darnley and the nobles burst in upon the heavily-pregnant Mary as she was having supper with Rizzio and five close friends, including Bothwell. In the end Weir plumps for the sensible, if safe, formula that Mary was innocent of evil but guilty of being a clumsy and wilful politician. Dunn, meanwhile, matches Mary against her first cousin, Queen Elizabeth of England.
Since there is nothing much new in the way of facts and, anyway, Dunn is honest enough to say in her introduction that she is no historianthe book concentrates on mapping the reverse symmetry at work in the lives of the two tall, red-headed girls who found themselves doing a man's job in a world where women scarcely mattered.
Elizabeth, by contrast, had been both bastardised and disinherited by the time she reached her teens and, with a brother and an elder sister living, was an unlikely contender for anything other than a dull life in an English manor house.
Dunn works these contrasts hard, in the process creating a kind of psychological drama in which each woman becomes a fateful reverse image of the other.
Thus, in Dunn's hands, Mary becomes a European monarch, her Catholicism binding her not only to Rome but to most of the reigning families of the continent.
In June, the much awaited French help arrived at Leith to besiege and ultimately take Haddington. On 7 Julya Scottish Parliament held at a nunnery near the town agreed to a French marriage treaty. BeatonSetonFlemingand Livingston. Mary and Francis in Catherine de' Medici 's book of hoursc.
She was considered a pretty child and later, as a woman, strikingly attractive. Henry commented that "from the very first day they met, my son and she got on as well together as if they had known each other for a long time". Under the terms of the Treaty of Edinburghsigned by Mary's representatives on 6 JulyFrance and England undertook to withdraw troops from Scotland and France recognised Elizabeth's right to rule England.
However, the seventeen-year-old Mary, still in France and grieving for her mother, refused to ratify the treaty. King Francis II died on 5 Decemberof a middle ear infection that led to an abscess in his brain.
Only four of the councillors were Catholic: Even the one significant later addition to the council, Lord Ruthven in Decemberwas another Protestant whom Mary personally disliked.
She joined with Lord Moray in the destruction of Scotland's leading Catholic magnate, Lord Huntly, in after he led a rebellion in the Highlands against her.
BBC History - Mary, Queen of Scots
Elizabeth refused to name a potential heir, fearing that to do so would invite conspiracy to displace her with the nominated successor. However, when her uncle, the Cardinal of Lorrainebegan negotiations with Archduke Charles of Austria without her consent, she angrily objected and the negotiations foundered.
Mary was horrified and banished him from Scotland. He ignored the edict, and two days later he forced his way into her chamber as she was about to disrobe.