Sodium/Potassium Relationship | allnurses
There is a strong relationship between consuming too much sodium and The combination of consuming more sodium and having too little. Are they the inverse of each other? I know with renal failure oliguria the potassium and na are high. Also Potassium has inverse relationship with Sodium. Today what I can't figure out is why sodium and potassium have an inverse relationship. Last semester in clinical I had a patient who had low.
Foam celllipidlow density lipoproteinhypercholesterolemia Evidence from several types of investigations suggests that high levels of dietary potassium intake are associated with protection from cardiovascular diseases. Two of the most striking differences are the rates of potassium and sodium intake.
What is the relationship of Na and Potassium? | allnurses
The work of others has resulted in a well-developed understanding of the cellular changes involved in development of cardiovascular diseases in the industrialized nations, and their association with atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis.
Accumulation of the foam cells results in fatty streak formation, which is the characteristic of the early vascular lesion.
The oxidized LDL and cytokines released from the macrophages initiate responses in the overlying endothelial cells, leading to platelet adherence and activation, resulting in secretion of trophic substances that stimulate migration and hyperplasia of the vascular smooth muscle cells in the subintimal layer. We have proposed that changes in potassium intake can affect the function of the cells involved in formation of the vascular lesion.
The aim of this project was to test directly the hypothesis that moderately subnormal levels of dietary potassium intake—levels similar to those experienced by members of industrialized cultures—will increase the severity of vascular lesion formation. In the present study we employed the cholesterol-fed rabbit model to test the hypothesis. They were fed custom-formulated diets Purina Mills, Inc. The diets were prepared from a modification of Lab Rabbit Diet Approximately one-half of the animals were sick, showing signs of hepatic failure.
After 6 weeks of feeding, the rabbits were anesthetized by intravenous injection of sodium pentobarbital.
Does Sodium Affect Potassium?
A blood sample was taken from the aorta for analysis of electrolytes and cholesterol. The ventricles were divided into three parts, base, middle, and apex, and imbedded in paraffin. The sections were mounted and stained with hematoxylin and eosin.
Every fifth slide was examined for quantitation of vascular lesions. Ingesting a large amount of sodium causes your kidneys to work harder than usual to remove the excess.
The Relationship Between Potassium and Sodium
It also prompts you to drink more water, which helps your body excrete the extra sodium. Unfortunately, drinking more water not only dilutes the sodium in your body, but also the potassium. Excess water intake may lead to the loss of potassium in your body when your kidneys excrete the sodium in your urine. So by ingesting too much sodium, you may lower your healthy potassium levels.
Sodium and Blood Pressure Sodium and potassium have opposite effects on the blood pressure. Potassium lowers your blood pressure, while sodium raises it. This happens because sodium affects the amount of fluid in your blood and around your cells. Sodium raises these levels and causes the body to retain water, resulting in higher blood pressure.
Does Sodium Affect Potassium? | Healthy Eating | SF Gate
Over time, the muscles in your arteries become stronger to deal with the increased blood pressure, effectively thickening the walls of the arteries. Thicker arterial walls then increase your blood pressure even more. Potassium, on the other hand, helps reduce the amount of fluid in the blood, reducing your blood pressure.
It counteracts the negative effects of sodium on your blood pressure, and ingesting too much sodium will counteract the positive effects of the potassium. Sodium and Potassium Balance The amounts of sodium and potassium in your body need to be in perfect balance for your metabolism and your cells to function properly.