Interpersonal Relationships: Stages And Theories- Chapter 9 Flashcards by ProProfs
-the first stage in relationship development consists of perceptual contact and begin drifting apart*Intrapersonal dissatisfaction*Interpersonal deterioration. Contact | Involvement | Intimacy | Deterioration | Repair | So what. Relationships often develop through a series of stages, as described by Devito (). Relationship Development and Deterioration • Knapp's stages of coming together : 1. Initiating (where you are noticing someone for the first time. Ex: noticing.
Example 2 — An exploration into what partner fabricates will add benefit to the business of another person in business relationships.
Intensifying — In this stage the relationship intensifies and becomes less formal. People will start revealing their personal information and will analyze the impression on the other person.
They find various ways to nurture a relationship in order to strengthen interpersonal development such as gifts, spending more time together, asking for dates, expecting a relationship commitment etc. During their date they talk about their lives and how the boy got the job and his personal experience and the girl also reveals about her parents, her previous experiences, etc. In personal life people may fall in love or find a close friend.
The level of intimacy can progress to a further relationship. Bonding — In this stage, a person will announce to the world about their relationship. They make their relationship recognized and will honor their commitment legally. The relationship is indefinite and only to be broken through a formal notice, agreements or death etc.
Example 1 — The boy proposes and the girl agrees to marry him. Example 2 — The bonding stage of business relationships comprises of partnerships and durable relationships which can lower business expenses and can result in more profit. Like coming together, there are five stages in coming apart. Differentiating — When people progress in a relationship they sometimes due to other external pressures will start thinking individually rather than with the partner. They may start developing hobbies or other endeavors.
The relationship will start to fade and the everlasting bond will be broken. The feeling of dislike is often expressed by the partners on their commitment. Example 1 — The boy comes up with idea of quitting the job and to do something he wanted. The girl rejects the idea with some reasoning.
So a pressure is created inside the relationship. Example 2 — In business, meetings are crucial to know the partners stands and other opinions. Due to work pressure, dealers and other costumers, the meetings are reduced. They start to think more as individuals than as partners. Circumscribing — After differentiating partners will limit their conversations and will set up boundaries in their communication.
Often people will never communicate the topic fearing an argument. They will have their own personal space and activities. The boy does the same. Example 2 — In business, the issues regarding the quality might arise due to the communication gap and the conflicts can lead to alternative contract units.
Stagnation — The relationship will decline even more if it reaches the stagnation stage. The communication will be more limited.
Knapp's Relationship Model
Mostly the relationships in this stage will not continue or improve. Contact The first stage of a relationship is where the people become aware of one of one another's existence. This may be very brief and very distant.
It may be formal, as in a job relationship or more informal, such as seeing a person on a train. Perceptual contact The first step occurs when one person becomes aware of the other's existence.
This may be asymmetric, where I see you but you do not see me, or may be mutual, where we see each other at the same time. Interactional contact At this early stage there may be some interaction between the people, but this is usually brief, superficial and impersonal. It may also be ritualized, such as saying hello and talking about bland subjects such as work or the weather.
Initial assessment Whenever we meet with new people we quickly make some assessment of them in a few minutes or even seconds as we try to categorize them. If I know what sort of person you are, then I know how to interact with you.
Of course this 'putting people in a box' approach is an approximation and may possibly be very inaccurate. It is surprising, however, how many people resist changing their early assessment of others even when faced with significant evidence to the contrary.
Involvement In the next stage, the people engage more with one another, forming a light bond of friendship. Mutuality The interaction becomes more frequent and the balance of giving and receiving is sustained.
A sense of mutuality and connectedness develops such that when one person sees another, pleasant feelings but seldom as strong as love are engendered. Testing At this stage the individuals may be wondering whether to move towards intimacy. Many relationships do not go that far as it involves a significant commitment. People may hence informally test the other person to see if they are also committed. Tests may first be around the level of involvement at this stage that the other person is seeking, and then whether they want to move to the more intimately engaged next stage.Knapp's Stages of a Relationship
Typically this asks them to do something that demonstrates whether they are ready to move to the next stage. Intimacy In this stage the relationship is at its deepest and most committed. Personal commitment Personal commitment is the felt connection with the other person and the time and effort that the individual is prepared to put into the relationship.
Knapp’s Relationship Model
This can be a problem if it is asymmetrical, with one person feeling more committed than the other. Interpersonal commitment Interpersonal commitment takes personal commitment and makes it explicit in both directions. This is where the two people declare their affection for one another. A part of this process is in agreeing the depth of commitment that they want from one another, for example staying as good friends or getting married.
Social bonding Beyond the personal and interpersonal levels, communicating the depth of their relationships to others makes it more difficult for either to back out. This may include a formal ceremony, from signing joint declarations to marriage. Social bonding demonstrates to one another their longer-term commitment and should strengthen the relationship.