Milestones: – - Office of the Historian
The bilateral relationship between the United States of America and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has traditionally been characterized by an important. The Philippines–Venezuela relations refers to the diplomatic relations Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez made a state visit in the Philippines in and. The foreign relations of Venezuela had since the early twentieth century been particularly In Antigua and Barbuda received US$50 million from Venezuela .. Venezuela and the Philippines share a Hispanic heritage and relations.
It will be an excellent opportunity to get information of how the team views its manager.
Experience and leadership are important qualities in the Venezuelan workplace. Strong, decisive yet personable supervisors are highly respected and generally looked up to. Foreign supervisors are likely to be viewed with a higher level of respect by virtue of their international experience and training. In such an environment, a professional yet friendly and modest relationship with the staff is most often well received and appreciated.
Cultural Information - Hierarchy and Decision-making Question: In the workplace, how are decisions taken and by whom? Is it acceptable to go to my immediate supervisor for answers or feedback? In Venezuela the old, inflexible philosophy of centralization of power still exists.
The decision making process is usually done by managers, except if someone is specially authorized. The team members generally generate the ideas, but they do not decide when and how to implement them. A manager often does this. It is common for managers to tell their subordinates, "Do not come to me with the problem, please come to me with the solution". It does not mean that employees cannot ask for help from managers. Venezuelans have high regard for personal initiative and the workplace is a relatively open environment.
While final decisions are usually made by the supervisor, employees are often invited to provide comments and suggestions. Maintaining an appropriate level of respect, Canadians should have no reservations about approaching their supervisors with questions regarding their work or particular projects.
Gender, Class, Religion and Ethnicity. What impact would the above attitudes have on the workplace?
People are quite right when they say that Latin-American men often discriminate against women at work machismo. In Venezuela, this is changing. Every day, women are demonstrating in real terms they can be as competitive as men at any position, if not more. As in many countries, Venezuela has experienced the same phenomenon regarding the change of the role of women in society.
In other words, women have the same rights as men. The increasing rate of divorces in Venezuela is forcing women to work, and also a high percentage of women enrolling in colleges and universities. Now days, Venezuelan women occupy many positions from being an operator of a heavy machinery to president of a well-known corporation. Also, you can find many women working as Ministers, Senators, Members of Parliament, etc.
In reference to religion, Venezuelans are mainly Catholic, some Jewish and some Anglican. Religion is not a sensitive issue or topic. All religions are respected. In the past there were many social classes in Venezuela. Now the gap between Poor and Rich does not include so many social classes in between. Some of the poorer Venezuelans have a lower level of education. Ethnicity is not an important issue in Venezuela, there is no discrimination of people because of their ethnic background.
Calling someone "Negro" Black is not perceived in a bad sense. In fact, some people use it as a nickname or to express affection. The same applies to "Chino" Chinese or "Flaca" slim or "Gorda" chubby.
Philippines–Venezuela relations - Wikipedia
Gender relations may cause some initial discomfort for women unaccustomed to the local culture. Venezuelan men often approach women on the street and try to attract their attention by making sexual comments. While often unnerving, such actions are generally harmless and should be politely ignored. This is especially true for light haired women who are likely to stand out amongst the local population. Venezuela is a highly religious yet tolerant country.
While religion is not a contentious issue, some foreigners may be surprised by the relative strength and fervour with which Venezuelans express their faith and devotion. Indeed, Venezuelans often invoke the name of God when discussing the future and children ask their parents for a "benediction" blessing when parting for extended time-periods.
Venezuela is a highly unequal and polarized society. Sprawling mansions are often encircled by crumbling, self-constructed Ranchos and class conflict has become highly politicized in the last few years. As foreigners, most Canadians are likely to be identified with the wealthier, negatively termed "escualido", classes. This identification is usually unproblematic, however in times of political turmoil, it may trigger resentment especially in less affluent areas.
Ethnicity plays an interesting role in Venezuelan society. Most Venezuelans fall into the mestizo category of ethnically mixed Spanish, Indigenous and Africans. Given the high percentage of racial mixing, most Venezuelans are very relaxed about drawing direct attention to ones ethnicity or skin colour. In fact, Canadian visitors may at first be offended by the explicit use of racial categories, such as "negrito" black or "moreno" brownin everyday social language.
Although racism is not prevalent in Venezuela, the relationship between ethnicity and class may sometimes cause tensions between Venezuelans of purely Spanish and mixed Native- African origins. The attitudes discussed above should not have a significant impact on most professional workplaces.
Given the high level of social polarization, a significant line must be drawn between the street and the professional work environment. Most professional Venezuelans have had a great deal of exposure to North American attitudes and culture.
As such, they are more likely to temper any commonly held stereotypes and attitudes in the workplace. This is especially true with regards to gender relations since women in the workplace are generally treated with great respect. Cultural Information - Relationship-building Question: How important is it to establish a personal relationship with a colleague or client before getting to business?
You will find that in general Venezuelans are very open and warm. Both in a formal-business or informal-social context, Venezuelans will make conversation, tell you about themselves, or invite you for a coffee or a drink to foster a personal relationship. It is not a priority to establish a personal relationship before getting down to business.
It is very common to start a good business relationship and from there, go to a personal relationship, depending on common interests such as sports, food, drinks, travel, hobbies, family, etc.
Venezuelans are not shy about establishing personal relationships with their clients or colleagues. Business is often discussed over extended lunch meetings where the atmosphere can be a lot more personal and informal.
U.S. Department of State
Inviting a client out for a meal or a coffee is probably one of the best ways of establishing a positive rapport. The cultivation of such personal relationships is especially important for the creation of trust, which is often lacking in Venezuelan society.
Cultural Information - Privileges and Favouritism Question: Would a colleague or employee expect special privileges or considerations given our personal relationship or friendship Local Perspective: It is common for colleagues or employees to expect special privileges given a personal relationship, but it is important to highlight that it also depends on whether your colleague or employee is a hard worker and can be relied on.
When you are asked for a "favour", it is important to let them know that you can try, but it is not guaranteed. If you really do not want to do it you can stick to your "company policy" argument. Venezuelans often rely on informal contacts or connections when doing business and the hiring of family or friends is not uncommon.
However, while such requests may be put forward, their granting is not directly expected and should be reserved for very special circumstances or emergencies. Cultural Information - Conflicts in the Workplace Question: I have a work-related problem with a colleague.
Do I confront him or her directly? The best thing is to do is to talk directly to your colleague first, privately. If the issue cannot be solved or a compromise be reached, then talk to your supervisor or a third party with the knowledge and authority to mediate and bridge any differences.
One issue that must be considered is that some Venezuelans like to gossip in the place of work. Venezuelans are not ones to vocalize their discomfort and are likely to voice criticism in private. However, they are often able to communicate their unease by adopting a rather cold demeanour.
Since most Venezuelans are very friendly, a general decline in their openness is a likely sign of a problem. Such situations may often pass within a short time period, yet if confrontation is needed, it should be handled delicately and in a private manner.
What motivates my local colleagues to perform well on the job? In Venezuela, employees are very hard workers, motivated and committed to work. Compensation according to the market is one of the most important incentives for employees, however benefits are equally if not more appreciated.
- Foreign relations of the Philippines
- Colombia–Venezuela relations
- United States–Venezuela relations
The reason is that in Venezuela the public service and government related benefits are highly inefficient, therefore a good health plan or savings plan is highly valued by employees. Performance bonuses and stability are very important incentives. In fact, the level of employee commitment and performance is directly related to the relative prestige of their position in the company.
High-level supervisors and executives are often extremely driven and put in long-hours at the office. On the other hand, customer service employees such as store clerks and waiters often make an effort to demonstrate their lack of motivation and interest. While this may not have an impact on the work environment, it is important to keep in mind when eating out or running daily errands. To help me learn more about the local culture splease recommend: Learning about our culture will not be a difficult task.
There are many sources that people can use to understand Venezuelan culture. Reading books about history of Venezuela and going to visit historical places, museums, art galleries, theatres, and major cities would help foreigners to find out about the Venezuelan people.
On September 15,President Bush designated Venezuela as a country that has "failed demonstrably during the previous 12 months to adhere to their obligations under international counternarcotics agreements. Moreover, he has critiqued U. Although it did not immediately recognize the Carmona government upon its installation during the attempted coup, it had funded groups behind the coup, speedily acknowledged the new government and seemed to hope it would last.
Drug Enforcement Administration DEA agents to operate in Venezuelan territory, territorial airspace, and territorial waters. Instead, Chavez declared Venezuela to be neutral in the dispute, yet another action that irritated American officials and tensed up relations between the two nations. The border between Venezuela and Colombia was one of the most dangerous borders in Latin America at the time, because of Colombia's war spilling over to Venezuela.
Bush a pendejo "jerk" or "dumbass" ; in a later speech, he made similar remarks regarding Condoleezza Rice. Robertson subsequently apologized for his remarks, which were criticised by Ted Haggard of the U.
Haggard was concerned about the effects Roberson's remarks would have on US corporate and evangelical missionaries' interests in Venezuela. According to activist Jesse Jackson the Bush administration declined the Venezuelan offer. However, United States Ambassador to Venezuela, William Brownfield welcomed the offer of fuel assistance to the region, calling it "a generous offer" and saying "when we are talking about one-to-five million dollars, that is real money.
I want to recognize that and say, 'thank you.
Administrations[ edit ] In Septemberfollowing retaliatory measures in support of Bolivia, Chavez expelled the U. Chavez labeled Duddy persona non grata after accusing him of aiding a conspiracy against his government — a charge Duddy consequently denied.
Foreign relations of Venezuela - Wikipedia
Embassies worldwide and their host institutions, was said to be an interference in Venezuela. In their book, Imperial Spiderweb: Encyclopedia of Interference and Subversion, Eva Golinger and Frenchman, Riman Mingus, warned that it was one of Washington's secret forms of propaganda, Golinger denouncing AC to the Venezuelan National Assembly as virtual consulates, which are not formally sponsored by the US government, but by an organization, association, school, library or local institution.
Additionally, they have not only functioned as a launch pad for a psychological warbut also sought to subvert and violate diplomatic rules. The AC's were alleged to be closely supervised by the State Department. He contended that Caulfield had possibly met with opposition Venezuelans in exile in Puerto Rico; an official spokeswoman from the United States said Caulfield was there for a wedding.
Chavez used the occasion to accuse "the empire" of using Puerto Rico as a base for actions against him and Latin America. He referred to Puerto Rico as a "gringo colony" and that one day the island would be liberated.
When Chavez was asked if the previously expelled ambassadors for each country would return, he replied "everything has its time.