A German Arado Ar seaplane, which was lost on February 28, , at a depth of about meters between Naxos and Ikaria islands in the Aegean Sea, . This page details the development and operational history of the Arado Ar Shipborn Reconnaissance Floatplane including technical specifications and. The Arado Ar aircraft of the German battleship Bismarck.

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This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage. The Arado Ar was the last combat floatplane built in Europe. It was obsolescent by the end of World War II but during the war, this airplane served Germany well in all theaters of operation.

Arado Ar 196 A-5

This type served through the Spanish Civil War and had excellent seagoing performance but it was slow, weakly armed, and very vulnerable by the start of World War II. An interim type, the Heinkel Hehad poor water-handling characteristics and only slightly better performance in flight than the He During the fall ofthe Reichs Air Ministry RLM Technical Office released a specification that called for a 2-seat aircraft aarado by a single horsepower engine with either a single- or a twin-float arrangement.

Heinkel choose to continue trying to improve the He but Arado, Dornier, Gotha, and Focke-Wulf responded to the specification. Arado offered an advanced monoplane design designated the Ar and the RLM ordered four prototypes.

Arado Ar – history, photos, specification of the Arado Ar

However, conservative elements in the Technical Office continued to favor biplanes over monoplanes and awarded Focke-Wulf a contract for two, more conservative, Arqdo 62 aircraft. The RLM later canceled the Fw 62 when the Ar design showed clear superiority over its biplane rival.


Arado delivered the first two prototypes during the summer of Both were equipped with twin floats. Two more ra196 soon followed but these airplanes carried a single, large, central float and two small outrigger floats. Testing in the laboratory and on water did not conclusively prove that one configuration was significantly better than the other.

The single float withstood rough seas during a landing better than the twin floats because it attached directly to the fuselage, the strongest part of the airplane. However, the twin floats had more stability when taxiing and maneuvering.

Arado Ar 196

Weight and drag were comparable, too, so the RLM directed Arado to ready both types for production. Shakedown tests left naval authorities very pleased and by JuneArado began delivering the first production floatplanes designated Ar A-1 to the fleet.

By the start of hostilities, the Kreigsmarine had selected many of their finest warships to upgrade to the new airplane including Admiral Graf Spee, Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Deutschland, Admiral Scheer, and Prinz Eugen. The floatplane could also haul a 50 kg lb bomb under each wing. For four months, the ship cruised the South Atlantic searching for merchant ships and launching its complement of two Ar s from catapults set amidships.

The Arados projected the battlecruiser’s “eyes” hundreds of miles to look for prospective targets. They found most of the battlecruiser’s 11 British victims.

Many Ar s flew coastal patrol missions from land bases. The HMS “Seal” was afado mines in a narrow waterway called the Kattegat when it struck one of its own mines. Drawn to the commotion, patrolling Arados attacked the sub with guns and bombs and inflicted such damage that the boat could not submerge.

One of the Arados landed alongside the stricken sub and her captain surrendered to the pilot. These operations typify the Arado floatplane’s roles and capabilities. This is not the most famous German aircraft of the war but the Ar served ably, if quietly, nearly everywhere that German forces put to sea. It was the primary German maritime reconnaissance aircraft and afado counterpart in the U.


Slow but steady production continued throughout the war and the Kriegsmarine accepted only 94 aircraft during in The Germans prepared a French factory at St. By the end ofFokker had become the primary builder. The Ar became increasingly vulnerable to aravo, better-armed, Allied airplanes that ranged deeper and deeper into German-held territory.

Tthe RLM finally terminated production in August In addition to the German Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine, Romania and Bulgaria also used the aircraft in limited numbers.

The final and definitive version was the Ar A NASM’s collection contains this type araxo aircraft. Only three Ar floatplanes still exist from the total araro run of aircraft, excluding the prototypes and pre-production aircraft.

The Allies recovered two others aboard the German battlecruiser “Prinz Eugen” when she surrendered at Copenhagen, Denmark. When the US Navy took custody of “Prinz Eugen,” they were more interested in the catapult system used to launch the floatplane rather than the Ar but they nonetheless saved the two floatplanes.

Arado Ar – Wikipedia

Navy pilots added just four more hours during testing and evaluation at the Naval Air Materiel Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The ‘ Werk-Nummer serial number is however the Navy evidently repainted the airplane with markings copied from a different aircraft. aarado

It is now on display at the Paul E. Garber Facility in Silver Hill, Maryland. Home Arado Ar A Collection Item Long Description: