The Kuchipudi style follows Natyashastra more than any other dance form in India. Asamyuta Hastas – gestures of one hand carrying a certain semantic load. One of the most striking features of Indian classical dance is the use of hand gestures. So vast are the subtleties expressed in the hand gestures of hasta that the Bharatanatyam · Kathak · Kathakali · Kuchipudi · Manipuri · Mohiniyattam. Hastas / Mudras (hand gestures) are primarily classified as 28 Asamyuta Hastas ( one-hand gesture) and 24 Samyuta Hastas (two-hand gestures).
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Viniyoga Sloka Koormahastasyavigneyaha Koormarthe Viniyujyate. Each aspect of Abhinaya, or the expressive means available to people, is given a detailed description in such competent treatise as Natyashastra written by the great Bharatamuni.
Asamyuta Hastas – gestures of one hand carrying a certain semantic load. Viniyoga Sloka Shankhaadishuniyujyoya Mityevam Bharataadayaha.
List of mudras (dance)
Among the texts on the theory of dance two most competent sources are distinguished: There are three groups in Angika abhinaya: There are some differences iuchipudi them in either the number of hastas or in the number of their meanings.
If two palms in the Pataka position are joined together, it is the Anjali hasta. When two hands in the Arala position are crossed and lifted up towards forearms, it is the Utsanga hasta. Kuchpiudi show Shivalinga Lord Shiva. The graceful, lasya oriented Kuchipudi gives significance to Vakyartha abhinaya go together.
If three fingers are held straightened like a wing of a kuchjpudi and the little finger is raised and the thumb is kept bent, it is the Hamsapaksha hasta. When the left hand of the Mukula hasta is covered by the right hand of the Mushti hasta, it is the Nishadha hasta.
Asamyuta Hastas. Single Hands Gestures
When the palms kuchipjdi two hands in the Pataka position are turned downwards and placed one over the other with the thumbs lifted, it is called the Kucnipudi hasta. These are used at different levels of the body, in different directions and in various configurations to mean a variety of things. Your email address will not be published. If all fingers of the Sarpasirsha hasta are stretched out and bent forward besides asamyuts thumb and the little finger which are raised upthen it is the Mrigasirsha hasta.
This hasta is used for greetings and is held above the head to greet Gods, it is held between brows to greet Gurus and in front of the chest to greet Brahmins and scholars.
To express a woman, calling, deer’s head, cheeks. Thus for example in Natyashastra they mention circa 35 different meanings for Pataka hasta while in Abhinaya Darpana there are more than 40 of them.
When two hands in the Anjali position asamyutta folded as if holding a dove, it is the Kapota hasta. All the fingers including the thumb are kept separately and their ends are slightly curved, it is the Padmakosha hasta. From hatas Natya Shastra, a text on the arts, this beautiful quotation and translation is often quoted by Indian classical dance instructors:. When all fingers are separated from one another and are turned towards the palm in a circular way, it is the Alapadma hasta.
It is used to show opening of the windows, doors etc. Vak – speech 3. It is used to show weakness, to sigh, to find somebody.
About Kuchipudi Dance History Delhi
When two hands in the Katakamukha position are crossed at the wrist, it is the Kataka Vardhamanaka hasta. Theory of the dance. Over the centuries as the performances were dedicated to the worship of Vishnu, the form came to be known as Bhagavata Mela Natakam.
Views Read Edit View history. Their meaning is not only decorative but they are also indicative of the specificity of communication and action in relation to things. Bharatanatyam on the other hand is Mudra oriented and gives significance to Padartha abhinaya, each word interpreted through mudras.
When two hands in the Sarpasirsha position are placed on the forearms, it is called the Gajadanto hasta. This form of dance is as prehistoric as Natya astra 1st century BC. It is assamyuta to represent the bride and the groom, excessive weight, embracing a pillar. Viniyoga Sloka Neeraajenavidhou baala Vaari Phaladikrehanaepicha Sandhyayaam marghyadaanecha Mantrapushpecha yujyathae. The Kuchipudi style follows Natyashastra more than any other dance form in India. This page was last edited on 20 Septemberat In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
It is used for salutation, agreement; to show fear, cold. There are 13 types of Samyuta mudras classified as follows- Anjali: Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. This page describes the different hand gestures haxtas in Bharathanatyam.