CAROLLIA SOWELLI PDF

Trait data. population trend, Stable. habitat, protected area terrestrial biome terrestrial habitat. conservation status, least concern. primary diet, fruit fruit plants. Chiroptera · Phyllostomidae · Carollia sowelli Carollia sowelli. Sowell’s Short- tailed Bat. Order: Chiroptera Family: Phyllostomidae. SpeciesCarollia sowelliSowell’s short-tailed bat. ADW Pocket Guides on the iOS App Store! The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket.

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Carollia Short-tailed leaf-nosed bats Benkeith’s short-tailed bat C. This pattern is coherent with a scenario where the Cerrado has a significant input of migrants from the Amazon, and the Northern Atlantic forest has been colonized by individuals from the surrounding biomes, independently of the Southern Atlantic forest populations South-east clade.

Regarding the subspecies described by Pinethe genetic lineages found here for C.

The dataset included the 12 sequences of C. Tajima’s D neutrality test Tajima,using intraspecific genetic variability, was performed to verify population expansions, using the software packages DNAsp, version 4.

Sowell’s short-tailed bat

In the last four decades, biodiversity researchers worldwide have proposed different models and mechanisms to explain the gigantic and unique species richness of the Neotropical rainforests, including the Amazon and the Brazilian Atlantic Forest biomes. Carollia subrufa breeds all year Felten ; Wilson The Amazon samples analyzed presented both new haplotypes or shared haplotypes with north-east Atlantic Forest. A general phylogeographic pattern observed in Neotropical bats was described by Ditchfieldwho analyzed 17 species, using a bp segment of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene cyt b.

Feeding strategy and activity budget of the frugivorous bat Carollia perspicillata Chiroptera: The Markov chain Monte Carlo analysis used 40 generations sampling every generations; the first 10 steps were discarded as burn-in. Coalescent analysis points to a simultaneous origin for C.

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Consequently, various hypotheses have been established: Phylogeography and species limits in the Gymnodactylus darwinii complex Gekkonidae, Squamata: In other projects Wikispecies. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. California leaf-nosed bat M.

There were 95 polymorphic positions. Usually the ectoloph is W-shaped but is reduced or indistinguishable. Also, because of its wide geographic distribution, abundance and foraging behaviour, C. Nose leaf is well developed; horseshoe is free on both sides but fused below nostrils. Pale spear-nosed bat P. Notes on a collection of sowwelli from Central Varollia, with the third record of Cyttarops alecto Thomas.

The prior for the rate of evolution was drawn from a normal distribution with mean of 2. High support values for these phylogroups were found only for the Bayesian analysis.

Consequently, bats may show markedly different phylogeographic patterns for their haplotype lineages compared to rodents and marsupials Ditchfield, Carollia subrufa from the Oaxaca coast. However, Tajima’s test was only significant in the latter case Table 2. Carollia subrufa has a subtelocentric X chromosome and acrocentric Y chromosome Baker However, the addition of four new samples from Brazil showed the existence of a contact zone between those clades in the locality of Santa Isabel do Rio Negro, AM, located on the sowel,i margin of Rio Negro.

The same topology was found by all phylogenetic methods, with bootstrap support and sowlli Bayesian posterior probabilities. Triangles in both maps represents samples retrieved from the literature. Jamaican flower bat P.

Acrollia Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed. Dispersal centers of terrestrial caroplia in the Neotropical realm: Insular single leaf bat M. Commissaris’s long-tongued bat G. Tomes’s sword-nosed bat L. They present a contact zone in the Brazilian state of Amazonas, where two individuals from the same locality had haplotypes from different lineages. The Northern Atlantic Forest and the Amazon exchange a considerable amount of haplotypes and the Cerrado region appears to permeate all clades.

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The MP analysis was performed by means of heuristic searches, with replicates of random addition of taxa and tree—bisection reconnection TBR. Phylloderma Pale-faced bat P. Comparative phylogeography of short-tailed bats Carollia: Retrieved 16 November There are two main clades for this species: The primers and protocols used for the polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing of the complete mitochondrial cyt b gene were conducted as described previously Redondo et al.

Uses authors parameter Articles with ‘species’ microformats All stub articles. Diversity patterns of both species were explored using estimates of haplotype and nucleotide diversities, as well as genetic divergences between intraspecific groups.

Sowell’s Short-tailed Bat (Carollia sowelli) ·

Although past climatic oscillations must have contributed to forest fragmentation and vicariance as a result of the Pleistocenic refugia in the Atlantic Forest, there were also corridor patches of savannas formed between the Amazon and Atlantic Forest in interglacial periods; these events could have generated distinct lineages in forest-dwelling animals such as the understory dwelling C.

In his classical systematic revision of CarolliaPine noted that intraspecific variation exists within the species of the genus, although he did not quantify this variation. In this locality, two individuals bearing haplotypes belonging to different clades were sampled AD and AD ; Fig. Upper and lower premolars are robust and high-crowned.