Publisher: Introducción: La hiperemesis gravídica es un estado de naúsea y vómito constante durante el embarazo, asociada a deshidratación. Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe .. Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-, meaning excessive, and emesis, meaning vomiting, and the Latin gravidarum, the feminine. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Mar 1, , N. González-Alonso and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }.

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If conservative dietary measures fail, more extensive treatment such as the use of antiemetic medications and intravenous rehydration may be required.

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Archived from the original on Retrieved 27 October After IV rehydration is completed, patients typically begin to tolerate frequent small gravidicca or bland meals. BMJ Clinical research ed. Based on symptoms [3]. Retrieved 23 January The exact causes of hyperemesis gravidarum are unknown. Possible pathophysiological processes involved are summarized in the following table: There are numerous theories regarding the cause of HG, but the cause remains controversial.

Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica by ARMANDO MORENO SANTILLAN on Prezi

Ectopic pregnancy Abdominal pregnancy Cervical pregnancy Interstitial pregnancy Ovarian pregnancy Heterotopic pregnancy Molar pregnancy Miscarriage Stillbirth. Steroid therapy in the treatment of intractable hyperemesis gravidarum”. The effects of HG on the fetus are mainly due to electrolyte imbalances caused by HG in the mother.


Increased steroid levels in circulation [22]. Manual of obstetrics 7th ed. National Institutes of Health. Archived from the original on 30 November Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. A small percentage rarely vomit, but the nausea still causes most if not all of the same issues that hyperemesis with vomiting does. Breastfeeding difficulties Low milk supply Cracked nipples Breast engorgement Childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder Diastasis symphysis pubis Postpartum bleeding Peripartum cardiomyopathy Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis Postpartum thyroiditis Puerperal fever Puerperal mastitis.

This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat Drinking fluids, bland diet, intravenous fluids [2]. Handbook of early pregnancy care.

If HG is inadequately treated, anemia[11] hyponatremia hiperremesis, [11] Wernicke’s encephalopathy[11] kidney failurecentral pontine myelinolysiscoagulopathyatrophyMallory-Weiss tears[11] hypoglycemiajaundicemalnutritionpneumomediastinumrhabdomyolysisdeconditioningdeep vein thrombosispulmonary embolismsplenic avulsion, or vasospasms of cerebral arteries are possible consequences. Symptoms can be aggravated by hungerfatigueprenatal vitamins especially those containing ironand diet.

Hyperemesis gravidarum – Wikipedia

International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. Views Read Edit View history. Archived from the original on 8 September Pregnancy with abortive outcome Ectopic pregnancy Abdominal pregnancy Cervical pregnancy Interstitial pregnancy Ovarian pregnancy Heterotopic pregnancy Molar pregnancy Miscarriage Stillbirth.


Is ondansetron safe for use during pregnancy? First pregnancy, multiple pregnancyobesity, prior or family history of hyperemesis gravidarum, trophoblastic disorderhistory of an eating disorder [3] [4]. Archived from the original on 27 January Likewise, supplementation for lost thiamine Vitamin B 1 must be considered to reduce the risk of Wernicke’s encephalopathy. emeais

Hyperemesis gravidarum

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 9: Thyrotoxicosis common in Asian subcontinent [5] Addison’s disease Diabetic ketoacidosis Hyperparathyroidism. Pyridoxinemetoclopramide [5]. Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America.

Often gets better but may last entire pregnancy [2]. Ferri’s clinical advisor 5 books in 1 1st ed. Gestational thrombocytopenia Pregnancy-induced hypercoagulability.

If oral nutrition is insufficient, intravenous nutritional support may be needed. Ondansetron may be beneficial, however, there are some concerns regarding an association with cleft palate[33] and there is little high-quality data. Nausea and vomiting such that weight loss and dehydration occur [1].