STYLISTIC FOREGROUNDING. Definitions and concepts. • Foreground is a term usually used in art, having opposite meaning to background. • It’s a very. The theory of FOREGROUNDING is probably the most important theory within Stylistic Analysis, and foregrounding analysis is arguably the most important part . Foregrounding • Shklovsky saw defamiliarization as accompanied by feeling: stylistic devices in literary texts “emphasize the emotional effect of.

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The most foregrohnding way of introducing this extra patterning is by repeating stylistiics structures more often than we would normally expect to make parts of texts PARALLEL with one another. Foregrounding can occur on all levels of language [8] phonologygraphologymorphologylexissyntaxsemantics and pragmatics. You may find it helpful, after you have found out more about these topics, to revisit those earlier parts of this website and think about them in terms of foregrounding theory.

In the following poem by E.

Foregrounding, Deviation and Parallelism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia articles needing clarification foregrounnding June The first two are very similar parallelism and the third one starts out as similar, but our expectations are thwarted when it turns out different in end deviation.

The other words are in lower case, but they are capitalised. The other words are visually stable but they are irregular. Parallelism can be described as unexpected regularity, while deviation can be seen as unexpected irregularity. This would be an example of a deviation from a secondary norm. This context can be relatively narrow, such as the immediate textual surroundings referred to as a ‘secondary norm’ [5] or wider such as an entire genre referred to as a ‘primary norm’ [6].


They often consist of three parts or characters. Note that lots of the things we explored in terms of styistics meanings and effects in the analysis of particular texts and textual extracts in Topics 1 and 2 can be re-cast in terms of deviation, parallelism and foregrounding.

They have the same overall grammatical structure grammatical parallelism and some of forevrounding words are repeated in identical syntactic locations. Cummings[7] there are two types of deviation:.

There are two main types of foregrounding: Foregrounding is the practice of making something stand out from the surrounding words or images. So, for example, if you look at the last three sentences of the previous paragraph you should feel that they are parallel to one another.

This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Nursery rhymesadverts and slogans often exhibit parallelism in the form of repetition and rhymebut parallelism can also occur over longer texts.

Ling , Topic 3 (session A)

The other words are black but they are multi colour ed. They stand out perceptually as a consequence of the fact that they DEVIATE graphologically from the text which surrounds them in a number foreggounding ways.


Firstly, most of the poem deviates from ‘normal’ language primary foregeounding. Cummings[7] there are two types of deviation: One way to produce foregrounding in a text, then, is through linguistic deviation. Views Read Edit View history.

Something can only be unexpectedly regular or irregular within a particular context. The Prague School and Theories of Structure p.

For example, jokes are often built on a mixture of parallelism and deviation. In addition, there is secondary deviation in that the penultimate line is unexpectedly different from the rest of the poem.

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The words ‘ foreground ‘ and ‘ foregrounding ‘ are themselves foregrounded in the previous paragraph. For example, the last line of a poem with a consistent metre may be foregrounded by changing the number of syllables it contains. Another way is to introduce extra linguistic patterning into a text.