FosfoenolPiruvato. AH Universidad del mar. La enzima fosfoenolpiruvato carboxilasa. Fecha de consulta: 13/Noviembre/ Consultado. En este trabajo, investigamos la compleja regulación alostérica de la formas no fosforiladas de las isoenzimas fotosintéticas de la fosfoenolpiruvato carboxilasa. Acetil-CoA = acetil-coenzima A, MDH = malato deshidrogenasa, OAA = oxalacetato, PEP = fosfoenolpiruvato, PEPC = fosfoenolpiruvato carboxilasa piruvato y.

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Accepted June 8, Kinetic data were analyzed by nonlinear regression calculations using a commercial computing program formulated with the algorithm of Marquardt [35]. The reaction was started by addition of the enzyme preparation.

Activation by Glc6P could be important during the night or at the onset of illumination before the buildup of malate that takes place during the first hour after illumination [16]. Barranca del Muerto No. carbocilasa

Initial velocity data depending upon varied concentration of substrate were fitted to a Hill equation equation 1: The lack of activation by Gly of the dicot isoenzymes is mainly compensated by their higher affinity for the substrate PEP and their lower affinity for the inhibitor malate than those exhibited by the monocot isoenzymes.

We display the results of the kinetics of saturation of the enzyme by its substrate PEP by considering tPEP as the variable substrate, instead of MgPEP, to facilitate the evaluation of the data in the physiological range of concentration of this metabolite. This is consistent with competition between inhibitor and activator for their binding to the enzyme.

Term Bank – carboxilasa – Spanish English Dictionary

The models were validated using ProCheck [40]. These results indicate that the binding of farboxilasa and that of Glc6P to the amaranth enzyme are competitive. These findings suggest that the binding of Glc6P is not affected by the binding of the inhibitor to this enzyme.

The results indicate that in vitro PEPCase activity does not significantly change with the range of shoot P from deficient to adequate, and suggest that the mechanism associated with citrate excretion might be impaired at P concentrations lower than those varboxilasa to inhibit PEPCase activity.

Fully expanded leaves were used for the experiments. It has been propoosed that one of the functions of the enzyme phosphoenolpyruvate fosfoeenolpiruvato PEPCase in the roots of white lupines consists in providing the carbon required to support the significant quantity of citrate that is excreted by P-starved plants.


Six of these sequences are from monocot plants and the other seven from dicot plants. The results of these kinetic experiments are shown in Figure 1 and summarized in dable 1. Introduction In leaves of C4 plants the initial reaction in the assimilation pathway of atmospheric CO 2 is the essentially irreversible carboxylation of phospho eno lpyruvate PEP by phospho eno lpyruvate carboxylase orthophosphate: Once the levels of malate are high, saturation of the Glc6P allosteric site would give only a marginal advantage.

Nishikido, T; Takanashi, H. Activation by Gly helps in increasing the flux through the C4 pathway by effectively counteracting the inhibitory effects of malate, and, therefore, it helps in increasing the concentrations of CO2 in the bundle sheet cells thus overcoming photorespiration.

The same solution was always obtained after repeated submissions of the data to this server. As a consequence of this, D and K in the maize enzyme model are not as well positioned to bind the activator molecule as they are in the amaranth enzyme model, as indicated by a rigid docking of the Gly molecule in this site not shownwhich is consistent with the A 0. The activation by Glc6P may, however, play an important role increasing the flux of the C4 cycle at the onset of the light conditions, as mentioned above.

A rigid docking of glycine in this position not shown suggested the feasibility of binding of the activator to these residues, as we propose. Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase extraction, purification and assay. These two limiting concentrations of tPEP are close to those existing in the cytosol of the mesophyll cells during the dark and light periods, respectively [22, 23].

When near physiological concentrations were used, Glc6P was very ineffective in overcoming malate inhibition [14]. The figure was created with PyMOL [41]. Data analysis Kinetic data were analyzed by nonlinear regression calculations using a commercial computing program formulated with the algorithm of Marquardt [35].


To demonstrate that citrate excretion by roots is an event more sensitive to P concentration than PEPCase, the activity of the enzyme extracted from roots of white lupines growing in soil as well as its activity and citrate release in plants growing in a nutrient solution were measured.


In the experiments in which the concentration of the activator was varied at constant concentration of substrates, equation 2 was used: No exogenous bicarbonate was added to the assay media, so that the concentration of bicarbonate was 0.

Citrate release and activity of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in roots of white lupin in response to varying phosphorus supply. The overall identity among monocot isoenzymes ranged from 80 to The neutral amino acid binding site is not fosfoenolpiruvxto known because no structure with this kind of ligand has been determined so far.

Although the S 0.

Progressive multiple sequence alignment was carried out with the ClustalX package [38], using penalties based on secondary structure. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. The differences between the two enzymes in the degree of cooperativity in the binding of PEP in fpsfoenolpiruvato presence of a high malate concentration are in full fosfoenolpirjvato with their differences in malate affinity.

In this loop there are several amino acid residues that are conserved, or with conservative substitutions, within each group of monocots or dicots enzymes, but that differ from one group to the other marked with an asterisk in Figure 3. But they are by no means redundant. The points in the figures are the experimentally determined values, whereas the curves are calculated from fits of these data to the appropriate equation.

All other chemicals of analytical grade were from standard suppliers. Each determination was performed at least in duplicate.

The allosteric transition would not occur in the amaranth enzyme, thus accounting for the huge differences between the amaranth and the maize enzymes in carbooxilasa degree of activation achieved at saturation by Gly.

Therefore, under our experimental conditions Glc6P is no more effective in counteracting malate inhibition of the amaranth than of the maize enzyme Fig.