Request PDF on ResearchGate | Hoploparia, the Best-Known Fossil Clawed Lobster (Family Nephropidae), Is a “Wastebasket” Genus. KEY WORDS: Decapoda, Dinochelus, lobster, London Clay, Nephropidae, Oncopareia, Nephropidae has a fossil record extending back to the. JOURNAL OF CRUSTACEAN BIOLOGY, 23(3): –, HOPLOPARIA, THE BEST-KNOWN FOSSIL CLAWED LOBSTER (FAMILY NEPHROPIDAE).

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We used all known char- judgements had to be made. Sinauer Asso- Publisher unknown, Stuttgart, Germany. Both issues stem from an originally ambiguous diagnosis of Hoploparia that has been variously expanded in de facto fashion to the point that, today, nobody really knows what Hoploparia means. In fact, many Hoploparia are well covered by granules or tubercles.

The lobster’s head bears antennaeantennules, mandiblesthe first and second maxillaeand the first, second, and third maxillipeds. Nephropidesa monospecific genus known from slope depths in the Caribbean Sea, is noteworthy for the rigidity of its carapace and for foesil uniformly dense coverage of its carapace by large tubercles.

Retrieved July 29, Exopod on maxilliped 3: Metanephrops, a new genus of late Pliocene to Recent lobsters Decapoda, Nephropidae. Lobsters are caught using baited one-way traps with a colour-coded marker buoy to mark cages. Thaumastochelopsis 2 extant spp. Neu Gattungen fossiler Krebs aus Swofford, D.

Lobsters, like many other decapod crustaceans, grow throughout life and are able to add new muscle cells at each moult. Subscription Login to verify subscription. Retrieved December 27, August Learn how enphropidae when to remove this template message.


Hoploparia – Wikipedia

The principles of classification and Ranges of morphologic variation in Recent genera would be used as a guide to drawing generic boundaries in fossils. Exopod on maxilliped 2: This was most true for carapace acters in the analysis but, nonetheless, express the fossi grooves, which sometimes are neither plainly evident nor opinions and preferences about them. Hoploparia buntingi 00? Bremer support values were computed in the program TreeRot Version 2.

Archived from the original on January 28, Hoploparia gammaroides ? Declawing of crabs Eyestalk ablation Eating live seafood Live fish trade Pain in fish Pain in crustaceans Shark finning. Because fossl live in murky environments at the bottom of the ocean, they mostly use their antennae as sensors.

Lobster – Wikipedia

Description Nephropidae – Homarus hakelensis. Eunephrops bairdii Eunephrops cadenasi Nephropides caribaeus Homarinus capensis 0??? Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part R, a new, formal classification is prudent at this Arthropoda 4 2Geological Society of America and time.

Archived from the original on September 17, TreeView Page, was used to draw the phylogenetic trees. The lobster eye has a reflective structure above a convex retina. While it is true that any genus is merely an opinion about how to group similar species, and that there is fossl biological basis, or even any standard, objective basis, for the genus concept, the case of Hoploparia is worse, having been variously stretched and expanded through time in de facto fashion by various workers to the point that, today, nobody really knows what Hoploparia means.


The genus has been interpreted intuitively to be morphologically primitive and ancestral to some or many modern nephropid genera. In fact, diverse lobster genus, fossil or Recent. Homarus morrisi 00?

A lobster fisher may tend as many as 2, traps. They scavenge if necessary, and are known to resort to cannibalism in captivity. Lobsters may also be killed or rendered insensate nepphropidae before boiling by a stab into the brain pithingin the belief that this will stop suffering. Thaumastocheles wardigen.

File:Nephropidae – Homarus hakelensis.JPG

Schematic line drawing of nephropid lobster cephalothorax, showing postions of grooves, spines, etc. Monophyletic groups in our cladograms also mix Hoploparia and Recent fossjl Hoploparia. Lobster is used in soup, bisquelobster rollsand cappon magro. This paper, the first species-level cladistic analysis of Hoploparia, is not intended to be the sole basis for taxonomic revision but is, instead, intended to generate discussion among lobster specialists.