In kihon ippon kumite the basic attacks and counters are practised in a set and rigid way. With jiyu ippon kumite these basic techniques are practised in a more. Description of Jiyu Ippon Kumite: After bowing the training partners face each other in shizentai (hachiji-dachi)―with ryoken daitae mae―with. Shotokan Jiyu Ippon Kumite – More advanced one step free style sparring. Introduced to students generally when they have reached the level of brown belt.

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Views Read Edit View history. The hangeki, or counterattack, is usually either jodan or chudan gyaku-zuki. Subscribe via e-mail Enter your Email.

André Bertel’s Karate-Do: Jiyu Ippon Kumite

In some forms of competition kumite, punching “tsuki” and kicking “keri” techniques jiu allowed at the head “jodan” and abdomen “chudan”. I’d like to stop here and explain why this is the case. By turning the hips into the half front facing position hanmi it reduces the effective target area of a frontal attack. HIPS The hip position of the kamae is also very important.

In the case of the defender, they must not backpedal nor run away; instead they must hold their ground.

Shotokan Kumite

Many schools prohibit strikes to the groin, while miyu allow it completely. It allows the karateka to move easily and quickly in any direction. The first element is the basics, the fundamental techniques of the art. The same principle applies to the Kamae stance.


Traditionalists may dismiss it as “useless”, but modern dojos often band with other dojos to form organizations that utilize a tournament circuit as a way to promote their dojos.

Prior to launching each offensive technique the attacker announces their attack, then, moves forward to get their optimal maai. Careful attention must be given to the speed of the opponent’s attack and the distance between you and him, i.

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Shotokan Kumite – Black Belt Wiki

Retrieved from ” https: The third element is kumite. When opponents are considered to be clashing, the head referee should declare “aiuchi” which means “simultaneous hit”. The traditionalists therefore argue that there is no benefit to miyu with more forceful strikes.

Both feet should be planted firmly on the ground to increase stability.

If the hips are square to the front, the whole front of the body is exposed to any attack. It also helps to develop Zanshin awarenessMaai distancingand Unsoku movement.

Jiyu Kumite

This maai is the optimal distance, in which, their respective kumige technique will achieve the greatest damage to the anatomical target. When this position is achieved, the attacker ‘launches in with full commitment’ with a ‘do or die mentality’.


Some schools might limit contact to light contact all around, while others may employ power usage at higher grades. A rearward movement with jiyh is acceptable, but only at the last moment: The defender steps back each time, blocking the attacks and performing a counterattack after the last block.

Some tournament rules allow for light contact to the head, whereas other rules do not allow this.

This means when you shift from kamae the width between the feet is increased to around hip width apart, and the length between niyu feet is also increased. Therefore the half front facing position is the best compromise.

Although this sounds detrimental it has the effect of making it easier and faster to move from this stance into attacking or defending kumit as required. The second important difference between ippon and jiyu ippon kumite is the kime. Posted by Andre Bertel at Sunday, July 23, However, some karate schools use protective gear in free sparring, so that strikes can be delivered closer to their full power.