It identifies its author by the names ‘Kauṭilya’ and ‘Vishnugupta’, both names that are traditionally identified with Chanakya (c. – BC), who was a scholar. He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth. Historically, the Kautilya’s work carries a great significance because it is an important. The Arthashastra [Kautilya] on *FREE* Chanakya Neeti ; The Erudite Thoughts of the Great Scholar, the Economist, the Strategist. Chanakya.

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However, if she marries a man her father arranges or approves of, she has the right to take the ornaments with her. Kautioya 28, Sabah rated it really liked it Recommends it for: We should never forget chaankya the Arthashastra means by the “state” an order of society which is not created by the king or the people, but which they exist to kauhilya. No man who has connection with a virgin that has passed seven menses and has not yet succeeded in marrying her, though she has been betrothed to him, shall either be guilty or pay any compensation to her father.

Houses, fields, gardens, buildings of any kind, lakes and tanks are each called Vastu. Book 3 of the Arthashastra, states Trautmann, is dedicated to civil law, including sections relating to economic relations of employer and employee, partnerships, sellers and buyers.

The Arthashastra – Kautilya

The ancient Sanskrit text opens, in chapter 2 of Book 1 the first chapter is table of arthashaatraby acknowledging that there are a number of extant schools with different theories on proper and necessary number of fields of knowledge, and asserts they all agree that the science of government is one of those fields. Sexual Intercourse with Immature Girls He who defiles a virgin of equal caste before she has reached her majority shall have his hand cut off or pay a fine of panas; if the virgin dies in consequence, the offender shall be put to death.

When a man murders another in a quarrel, he shall be tortured to death.


The same individual is meant in each case. The Arthashastra dedicates Topics 30 through 47 discussing the role of government in setting up mines and factories, [79] gold and precious stone workshops, [80] commodities, [81] forest produce, [82] armory, [83] standards for balances and weight measures, [84] standards for length and time measures, [84] customs, [85] agriculture, [86] liquor, [86] abattoirs and courtesans, [87] shipping, [88] domesticated animals such as cattle, horses and elephants along with animal welfare when they are injured or too old, [89] pasture land, [90] military preparedness [91] and intelligence gathering operations of the state.

Book III, Chapter 1: When a man other than a soldier steals weapons or armor, he shall be shot down by arrows; if he is a soldier, he shall pay the highest amercement. The text has been translated and interpreted by Shamashastry, Kangle, Trautmann and many others.

Bhandarkar believed that it was written much later during the early Christian era. A Shudra or an outcaste who commits adultery with a woman of low caste shall be put to death, while the woman shall have her ears and nose cut off. Thus we can see how The Arthashastra was bound to be an arghashastra manual that dealt with every minute aspect of administration and daily life.

Kautilya holds that wealth, and wealth alone, is important, inasmuch as charity and desire depend upon wealth for their realization. Although I obviously can’t comment on the details of modern intelligence methods, I was surprised by the variety of his methods.

The Arthashastra theories are similar with some and in contrast to other alternate theories on war and peace in the ancient Indian tradition. It was rediscovered in by R. This particular translation is not of the highest calibre, and neither is the printing Try Upaya four kautillya.

Arthashastra – Wikipedia

He reveals the imagination of a romancer in imagining all manner of scenarios which can hardly have been commonplace in real life. The Branches Of Knowledge Traditionally, in classical Indian texts, the four branches of knowledge are considered to be: To the extent any of the six constituent elements of a state – the ruler, the ministers, the urban and the rural population, the economic power and the military might – differ from the ideals Kautilya has set out, to that extent the advice given by him has to be modified.


They are for your personal and spiritual growth not for copying and posting on your website. A state, asserts Arthashastra text in verses 7. Those who lack integrity in financial matters or fall for the lure of money must not be in revenue collection or treasury, states the text, and those who lack integrity in sexual relationships must not be appointed to Vihara services pleasure grounds.

Also in addition to this get ”art of war” by Sun Tsu Translated in context to the corporate world less.

Using spies posing as religious figures and people faking disabilities? The king who is likewise situated close to the enemy, but separated from the conqueror cganakya by the enemy, is termed the artnashastra of the conqueror … In front of the conqueror and close to his enemy, there happen to be situated kings such as the conqueror’s friend, next to him, the enemy’s friend, and next to the last, the conqueror’s friend’s friend, and next, the enemy’s friend’s friend.

The Arthashastra of Kautilya or Chanakya

It is a pioneering work on statecraft in all its aspects, written at least one thousand five hundred years ago. If a woman keeps him out of the house at night, she shall pay double the above fine.

Such a writer, having listened chanzkya to the king’s order and having well-thought out the matter under consideration, shall reduce the order to writing. What is essential is that we understand both aspects and use them to learn history as well as to apply to the modern situations. Meanwhile, Kautilya does not advocate for the Mauryan Empire of which he was part to expand out of South Asia.