Seeking to inform the Chinese public about China's food import "promovare-site.info gov" under the Attaché Reports section. . Law on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine and its .. circulating in the Chinese market meet corresponding standards. products that fail to comply with regulations. Fully finished food products containing milk/milk product and animal-origin vitamins or gelatin that meet the requirements of APHIS import guideline # .. (b) The bones from which the collagen was derived did not include. A significant aspect of imported meat and poultry products that many people may not the safety of imports are under intense criticism for failure to prevent the entry of Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA FSIS). assurance that their products meet all current public health requirements .
The FSIS review focuses primarily on zoonotic diseases and the health of animals when they are presented for slaughter while the APHIS review focuses on preventing the introduction of animal diseases into the U.
Frequently, it is necessary for the country to provide additional data to further clarify their legal requirements, operating procedures, and so on. If the technical experts determine that the information submitted by the exporting country demonstrates their meat or poultry inspection program provides the same level of protection, FSIS will send a team of experts to the country to conduct an on-site inspection.
The purpose of this audit is to provide first-hand verification that the programs and activities described in the written documents are being implemented effectively.
Countries approved to export meat and poultry products to the United States are shown in Table 1. A complete listing of all countries eligible to export meat and poultry products to the U. The FSIS website also provides a listing of eligible establishments in each respective country. It should be noted that FSIS also has regulatory responsibility for processed egg products, inspecting all egg products except those that are specifically exempted by the Egg Products Inspection Act.
As with meat and poultry products, egg products cannot be imported into the U. Currently, Canada is the only country approved to export egg products to the U. Port-of-Entry Reinspection Every shipment of imported meat and poultry must enter this country through an FSIS approved import inspection facility.
After the shipment has met U. This reinspection ensures that the exporting country certificates are authentic, accurate and that the products meet all U. The inspectors then examine each shipment for general condition and verify that the product is properly labeled.
Inspectors will conduct several additional inspection procedures on randomly selected shipments. These shipments are selected by the Automated Import Information System AIISa centralized computer database that stores reinspection results from all ports-of-entry for each country and establishment.
The AIIS program is designed to select shipments for reinspection based upon the compliance history of the establishment that produced the product and overall performance of the country. If a shipment fails reinspection, that information is entered into the AIIS database. The system will automatically trigger an increased level of inspection of subsequent shipments from that establishment, regardless of the port at which they may enter.
This increased level of reinspection continues until a pre-determined number of shipments are received with no additional problems. Products that fail inspection are denied entry into the U. Products that pass inspection are stamped with an official mark of inspection and are permitted entry into the United States. Ongoing Verification of Equivalence It is important to remember that port-of-entry inspections are conducted on products that have been inspected and passed by an equivalent foreign inspection system.
In addition to providing another layer of public health protection, FSIS utilizes these inspections as verification that the exporting country continues to conduct an equivalent inspection system.
This is just one of the initiatives the FSIS conducts to verify that countries continue to produce products which meet U. FSIS has a staff of experienced inspectors who conduct food regulatory system audits in every country that is exporting meat or poultry products to the United States.
The focus of these audits is guided by the export history of each respective country. The inspectors routinely audit the following activities: These establishments may be randomly selected or specifically chosen because of previous inspection issues.
During the course of the audit, the inspectors observe inspection activities and pay particular attention to how the foreign government inspectors and establishment personnel address food safety hazards. The auditors correlate these findings with the records of the government inspectors as part of their assessment of the effectiveness of the inspection program.
Following the audit, FSIS conducts an assessment of all data collected on site. Technical experts determine whether the food sanitary measures of the country continue to provide the same level of protection.
A draft audit report is prepared and shared with the government of the exporting country to allow them the opportunity to comment on the findings. If any issues of concern have been raised as a result of the audit, FSIS and the government of the exporting country will develop a mutually agreed upon action plan.
Sanctions When Necessary In addition to rejecting product at port-of-entry, FSIS takes other actions to assure that unsafe product does not entry this country. It is the responsibility of the government inspectors in the exporting country to approve only those establishments for export that can produce products that meet all U.
If port-of-entry inspectors identify multiple problems with products from an individual establishment or if FSIS auditors find any establishment that does not meet U.
The country must submit documentation to FSIS demonstrating that all necessary corrections have been made and, in most cases, FSIS inspectors will audit the establishment before it can again export to the U.
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Poultry meat and poultry meat products from Chippewa County, Wisconsin produced on or after July 29, are eligible. Poultry meat and poultry meat products from Juneau County, Wisconsin produced on or after April 17, but prior to August 6, are not eligible for export to or transit via the European Union. Poultry meat and poultry meat products from Juneau County, Wisconsin produced on or after August 6, are eligible.
Poultry meat and poultry meat products from Adair County, Guthrie County, and Madison County, Iowa produced on or after May 5, but prior to September 9, are not eligible to export to or transit via the European Union.
Poultry meat and poultry meat products from Adair County, Guthrie County, and Madison County, Iowa produced on or after September 9, are eligible.
Poultry meat and poultry meat products from Dubois and Martin Counties, Indiana produced on or after January 15, but prior to May 1, are not eligible to export to or transit via the European Union. Poultry meat and poultry meat products from Dubois and Martin Counties, Indiana produced on or after May 1, are eligible. Poultry meat and poultry meat products from Dakota, Dixon, Thurston, and Wayne Counties, Nebraska produced on or after May 11, but prior to October 21, are not eligible to export to or transit via the European Union.
Poultry meat and poultry meat products from Dakota, Dixon, Thurston, and Wayne Counties, Nebraska produced on or after October 21, are eligible. Poultry meat and poultry meat products from Lincoln, Franklin, and Moore Counties in Tennessee and Madison and Jackson Counties in Alabama produced prior to March 4, or on or after August 11, are eligible. Poultry meat and poultry meat products from the zone shown on the attached map produced on or after September 25, are not eligible to export to or transit via the European Union.
Poultry meat and poultry meat products from the zone shown on the attached map produced on or after December 14, are not eligible to export to or transit via the European Union. Poultry meat and poultry meat products from the zone shown on the attached map produced prior to December 14, are eligible. Certain products such as, but not limited to, those on the following list do not have uniform requirements for import throughout the EU.
Please see individual country pages in the export library for information on eligibility and requirements of non-harmonized products. Requirements related to employee medical certification and water testing have also been removed. Establishments must continue to comply with the following requirements: Non-comminglement Establishments that slaughter both animals whose meat is eligible for export to the EU and animals whose meat is not eligible for export to the EU shall comply with the following conditions.
Animals whose meat is intended for export shall be kept separate from animals whose meat is not eligible for export. All slaughter, cutting, and packing areas of the establishment shall be cleaned and sanitized before animals whose meat is eligible for export are slaughtered and processed.
Personnel shall don clean clothing and wash boots and hands before handling eligible meat. Meat intended for export shall not be handled, cut, or otherwise processed in the same room at the same time as meat not eligible for export.
The packaging of meat intended for export shall be marked to distinguish it from meat not eligible for export. Meat must be stored in a manner that prevents cross contamination.
Records of the origin of the animals from which the meat was produced shall be retained for a period of 6 months after export. Accommodation for sick and suspect animals Wood shall not be used for pens for sick and suspect animals. Sick and suspect animals shall not be allowed to come into contact with animals intended for slaughter for export to the EU. Pens for sick and suspect animals shall be sited and constructed to preclude contact with animals intended for slaughter for export to the EU, and effluent from such pens shall not flow into adjoining pens or passageways.
Opening of stomachs and intestines There must be a separate room for emptying and cleaning stomachs and intestines, unless the processing is done by closed-circuit mechanical equipment which avoids contamination and eliminates odors.
If the product is marked prior to freezing, it should be marked by spraying with liquefied charcoal or by applying charcoal powder in such a way that the charcoal is clearly visible on the product.
The marking requirement does not apply to beef and pork raw material for pet food manufacture derived from EU eligible animals. It also does not apply to poultry raw material for pet food manufacture or to raw material intended for pharmaceutical processing regardless of species. Cattle Cattle under 30 months of age: Inspection by an FSIS veterinarian or; Antemortem inspection may be performed by an official FSIS inspector with appropriate training, knowledge, skills and abilities provided that: Cattle over 30 months of age must be inspected by an FSIS veterinarian.
Swine over 1 year of age must be inspected by an FSIS veterinarian. All animals demonstrating abnormal signs shall be diagnosed and disposed of by an FSIS veterinarian. Bison slaughtered for export to the EU on or after November 1, must comply with this requirement.
Inspection personnel should include their immediate supervisor on messages to AMS. The following information should be included in the message: Establishment name, address, and establishment number Product type, product code, and quantity of product Date of production, lot number, and shift Date and nature of observation Name of country product is intended for export Export certificate number if applicable Any other information to verify claim Name of inspection official Trichinae Attestations The following attestations are present on letterhead certificates for meat, meat products, and meat preparations containing pig meat for entry into the EU: For those containing domesticated pig meat: FSIS inspection personnel will perform random checks of these procedures in operation as well as checks of the records maintained by plant management.
If problems are observed in the program during the checks, IEPDS should be notified through supervisory channels. Meat produced during this time should not be certified for export to the EU. Antimicrobial Treatments With the exception of lactic acid solutions used on bovine or bison carcasses, antimicrobial treatments for example, hyperchlorination, TSP, citric or ascorbic acids, etc. Only the application of water, recycled hot water or steam is permitted.
The EU regulation which allows the use of recycled hot water to remove microbiological surface contamination from carcasses becomes effective September 18, Provided they meet all other export requirements for export to the EU, the entire carcass or half carcasses of domestic ungulates and farmed game treated with recycled hot water on or after September 18, can be certified for export by FSIS.
Conditions of use of recycled hot water to remove microbiological surface contamination from whole or half carcasses of domestic ungulates and farmed game at the slaughterhouse. Recycled hot water must: The conditions in points b and c above must be integrated in the procedures based on the HACCP principles including at least the criteria set out in section 2 below.
Be obtained from heating ad recycling potable water in a closed and separated system; Be submitted to: Sampling of carcasses for the purpose of assess compliance within the meaning of Regulation EC No. The regulation which allows the use of lactic acid solutions on bovine and bison carcasses, half carcasses, or quarters to reduce microbiological surface contamination at the slaughterhouse destined for export to the EU becomes effective on February 25, Provided they meet all other export requirements for export to the EU, bovine and bison carcasses, half carcasses, or quarters treated with lactic acid solutions on or after February 25, can be certified for export by FSIS.
Conditions of use of lactic acid to reduce microbiological surface contamination of bovine and bison carcasses, half carcasses or quarters at the slaughterhouse. Lactic acid solutions must: The application of lactic acid solutions must not result in any irreversible physical modification of the meat. Establishments utilizing lactic acid within a HACCP-based management system must maintain documentation that validates the antimicrobial efficacy of the lactic acid treatments under their specific processing conditions and verify the lactic acid concentration, temperature of application and other factors affecting the efficacy of lactic acid as a decontaminating agent.
The establishments must inform the EU facility receiving the treated carcasses, half-carcasses or quarters of such use. This information should be documented.
Assuring the Safety of Imported Meat and Poultry - Food Safety Magazine
Poultry Chilling Immersion chilling of carcasses must meet the following requirements: Carcasses must move through the chiller against a counterflow of water. Recirculation of chiller water is not allowed. The following amounts of water are required per bird: