Sask Speed Skating
Provincial Cross Country Sask Provincial Championships Saskatoon, SK Canada Games Track & Field Facility / Indoor & Outdoor Results. Mark Your Calendars Sask Sport Inc. will hold its Annual General Meeting on Saturday, June 16, at the At the age of 13, he won both the regional and provincial competitions of the Hershey track and field games, and was of the Team Sask Mission Staff for the Canada Summer Games being held in. Regina High School Athletic Association January 17, , p.m., Track and Field Meeting, Luther - Room February 4, a.m.. RHSAA.
The province is a main flyway for an abundance of waterfowl and songbirds, and supports a lush insect life which both impedes and helps agriculture.
Wildlife is a major factor in attracting hunters and fishermen, and the province is highly ranked in the value of wild pelts taken. The commercial freshwater fisheries, although valuable locally where they exist, are among the smallest in Canada.
Thompson track athletes compete at tri-province meet in Saskatoon
Conservation Saskatchewan is the chief beneficiary of a major federal statute, the Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Actwhich, with amendments, has facilitated the transformation of the agricultural landscape through the creation of dams and dugouts. The need for conserving water on the prairies is a subject few disagree on, and federal policy is supplemented by related provincial policies.
The province is also home to 39 provincial parks and two national parksall of which help preserve wildlife and ecosystems. Grasslands National Parkfor example, is the only place in Canada the black-tailed prairie dog roams in its natural habitat, while Prince Albert National Park protects a section of the boreal forest as well as a white pelican nesting colony.
People Evidence of Aboriginal peoples in Saskatchewan can be traced to at least 10, BCE, when hunters followed the migratory herds of bisonleaving behind arrowheads and ashes. The first European explorers, most of them seeking routes for the fur trade, appeared late in the 17th century, and were in time joined by more scientific travellers who expanded knowledge of the area throughout the 19th century.
Actual settlement was preceded in most sections by the establishment, inof the North-West Mounted Policeafter which homesteaders, attracted by land that was all but free, poured in at an accelerated rate. The census of revealed 19, inhabitants, that of, and that of, Thereafter the population levelled off and even declined considerably, partly because the Second World War drained off people to the armed forces and industrial plants elsewhere; after the population fluctuated betweenandInthe population was 1, The first immigrants settled in areas suited to agriculture in the southern half of Saskatchewan where most residents still live.
Towns and villages served as supply depots for farm implements and related service industries, and, with the rise of non-agricultural production, rural areas have steadily lost population to urban ones. View of downtown Regina, taken from Wascana Centre. Previous Next Prince Albert, as the province's most northerly city, performs a special function as a "gateway to the north," of particular importance as the point of departure for recreational and forest areas.
Despite its predominantly urban population, Saskatchewan's vast expanses of open landscape, combined with the conspicuous architecture of grain elevators in the villages and towns, continues to convey the impression of a predominantly agricultural province. Labour Force Saskatchewan's labour force has reflected the changes in the provincial economy, as urban workers have steadily replaced farmers and their helpers.
Union organization began around the turn of the century in Moose Jaw and Regina, principally among skilled tradesmen in printing and railways, but the development of the economy did not encourage influential union activity of the kind familiar in heavily industrialized communities.
The largest single unions are not primarily of steelworkers or automobile makers, but of teachers and public servants, although unions are active in such areas as the retail and wholesale trades, and in oil and potash. Although the province was one of the chief sufferers during the Great Depression and drought of the s, the technology of later decades has been more conducive to sustaining its labour force.
Since then, Saskatchewan has experienced a net population increase due to interprovincial migration, and is one of the only provinces — aside from Alberta — to have benefitted from this trend. Historically one of the lowest in the country, the rate remained low post recession, even as other provinces struggled to rebound.
By comparison, the national average for that year was 6. As in other provinces with economies particularly linked to oil and gas prices namely Alberta the unemployment rate rose in Saskatchewan in as oil prices dropped. Language and Ethnicity English is the dominant mother tongue in Saskatchewan. The census, however, revealed a growing number of other languages spoken at home, with German, Cree, French, Ukrainian and Tagalog numbering the highest.
The current predominance of English was written into the conditions by which Saskatchewan joined Confederation in Owing to the protest of Clifford Siftonminister of the interior, Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier withdrew provisions made in the Autonomy Acts to protect the rights of French Catholics.
When European settlement of Saskatchewan began in earnest, residents of French origin slightly outnumbered those of British, but both comprised less than 11 per cent of the population — almost all the rest were Aboriginal peoples.
According to the National Household Survey, for example, 76 per cent of the population identified as being of European decent, with GermanEnglish and Scottish being the most cited ethnic origins.
Of this number, Filipino, South Asian and Chinese people represent the largest groups. Saskatchewan has a large indigenous community compared to other provinces. In16 per cent of the population identified as Aboriginal. Religion The majority of Saskatchewan is Christianwith 72 per cent of the population identifying with a Christian denomination in The next largest religious group were those identifying with Aboriginal spirituality about one per centfollowed by MuslimsBuddhists and Hindus each less than one per cent.
Those claiming no religious affiliation numbered 24 per cent. Throughout the province's history, religious groups have been active in expressing their views on such varied social issues as prohibition, immigration, education and the language used in schools.
Religious factors lie behind the division of the province's public schools into Protestant and Roman Catholic systems, and a particularly bitter confrontation occurred in the late s when the Ku Klux Klan took the lead in inflaming the electorate over religious symbols specifically Catholic in the schools. The Conservative Party was perceived at the time to have Klan support, and hence some Catholic voters thereafter were thought to be supporters of the party's opponents.
Results from provincial track and field
However, inthe party, led by a Roman Catholic, won an overwhelming victory. History Aboriginal Peoples The earliest human inhabitants of the area that became Saskatchewan were nomadic Aboriginal peoples grouped roughly from north to south as follows: Each of the three main language groups occupied approximately a third of the area.
Those in the north depended heavily on caribou and moose as a staple food; those in the southern third i. These peoples lived in small groups and did not live within fixed territorial boundaries. Exploration Exploration of the Canadian prairies came as the fur trade expanded to meet European demand for beaver pelts, which were used to make hats.
The Europeans, once they had discovered the usefulness of the plains for this purpose, wasted little time in moving in. None penetrated north of the Churchill River untilwhen David Thompson explored the area before heading to Lake Athabasca.
At that time little was known of the southern third of the province, but in Peter Fidler crossed the area using the South Saskatchewan River.
Aboriginal peoples participated in the fur trade by trapping furs as well as procuring supplies for the European traders. Others served as middlemen between the trading posts and Aboriginal groups farther to the west. Some groups such as the Cree, Ojibwa and Assiniboine moved west as the fur trade expanded to maintain their role in the trade.
Contact with Europeans brought great changes to Aboriginal culture and society. The introduction of the horse and the rifle changed the method by which Aboriginal peoples hunted buffalo and other big game upon which they were reliant. Additionally, horseswhich were able to carry more than humans or dogs, allowed for a greater accumulation of wealth and more elaborate cultural institutions.
Beginning inepidemics of European diseases, such as smallpoxdevastated the Aboriginal population, as did the introduction of alcohol. Not all exploration was motivated by profit. Men interested in the land and the environment entered the region a century behind the traders.
The best known of the early observers were Sir John Franklin and Dr. John Richardsonbetween andand John Palliser in — Previously, the Northwest had been viewed as a desolate wasteland, unsuited for settlement. The reports produced by the Palliser and Hind expeditions refuted this long-held belief and helped to encourage European settlement and agricultural development in the region. European Settlement Inin order to facilitate westward expansion and, hopefully, avoid the type of conflicts occurring in the United States, the Canadian government began negotiating treaties with Aboriginal peoples in the Northwest to extinguish their title to the land and establish reserves for Aboriginal settlement.
Aboriginal leaders signed these treaties to maintain as much of their traditional way of life as possible while adapting to the challenges they faced resulting from the encroachment by European settlers and the devastating collapse of the buffalo population.
Aboriginal leaders insisted on making grants of farm implements and animals part of the treaties. Although traditionally nomadic, they sought to take up agriculture as they could no longer rely on the buffalo as their principal food source.
Their efforts, however, were undermined by maladministration by the Canadian government. Using the nearly-completed Canadian Pacific Railwaythe government was able to send troops to the Northwest and quickly put down both uprisings.
Aboriginal leaders Big BearPoundmaker and One Arrow were sentenced to prison, and the government implemented more restrictive measures to subjugate Aboriginal populations. Moose Jaw, around photo by L.
Results from provincial track and field
Coldridge School, circa courtesy Saskatchewan Archives Board. Previous Next Also during this time, inParliament passed the first Dominion Lands Acta provision for homesteaders and an act to stimulate immigration. In —83 the first railway lines crossed the area in a southern route through Regina and Moose Jaw. The prerequisites for European immigration and settlement were therefore all in place well before The impact of their combined influence shows dramatically in the statistics.
In the population of the area was 32, half of whom were British and 44 per cent were Aboriginal. Just over 25 years later, inthe population was , half of which was still British, and the Aboriginal population had dropped to 2. Many of the immigrants who came during this period were eastern Europeans, especially Ukrainianswhom Minister of the Interior Clifford Sifton regarded as the ideal candidates to settle the West.
The British had by then consolidated their hold on familiar political institutions; the principles of responsible governmentwhich held the Cabinet responsible to a majority of the legislature, were settled in Provincial status, first sought incame inand with it the relevant apparatus of parliamentary government.
See also Saskatchewan and Confederation.
Saskatchewan (Province) | The Canadian Encyclopedia
The province's size and shape were important; although many leading Prairie politicians favoured one large western province, the federal authorities always insisted that the western plains were too large to be made into a single constitutional entity.
Depending on where one settled its northern boundary, such a province could have been the largest in Canada, a potential economic threat to the central heartland. In any event, in the federal government retained jurisdiction over crown lands in Saskatchewan. Settlement proceeded in a generally northwesterly direction, most of the arable area being occupied by the s. The pattern of settlement itself profoundly affected the nature of Saskatchewan society.
Identifiable groups of immigrants, varying from English people desiring to set up a temperance colony to Doukhobors escaping persecution with the aid of Leo Tolstoy and the Society of Friends see Quakersestablished communities, which in the s still reflected their origins. Time, social mobility and intermarriage have blurred the lines separating the original settlements, but at the time many parts of the province were still discernibly French and German, Ukrainian and Scandinavian, Hutterite and Mennonite.
Development Leading up to the First World Warthere were a number of indications the province was well on its way to establishing stability. Inthe Saskatchewan Legislative building opened in Regina. Saskatoon began constructing the University of Saskatchewan in the same year and Prince Albert became home to the federal penitentiary. Roads, hospitals, schools, and courts were also built in this period. Agriculture dominated the economy beyond the interwar years and shaped the lives of those who settled in the province.
Wheat was the most important crop grown in Saskatchewan. In the face of falling prices, farmers organized and formed the Saskatchewan Co-operative Wheat Producers Ltd. Throughout the s, the province has endeavoured to diversify agriculture to include cattle and hogs. Towards the end of the 20th century, small family farms have been replaced by the agri-business model. Immigration en masse into Saskatchewan had ended, at least temporarily, by the s, although a high turnover in the population did not stop.
The province's modern history is marked by the steady departure of people from Saskatchewan, especially in rural parts of the province. Sometimes, as in the two World Wars, thousands left over a short period to enlist or to work in war industries, and many did not return.
Economically, the most significant single event of Saskatchewan's modern history was the transfer of jurisdiction over crown lands to the province in Had this transfer not taken place, the province would still have become a great agricultural producer and contributor to the Second World War effort. However, with it, the province not only had access to lucrative sources of taxation, but also new sources of power which affected its influence within Canada in the s and after, giving it a formidable voice in national affairs.
The experience of the Depression created an environment that was especially conducive to the idea of a big government that would intervene to manage the economy and alleviate social problems.
The CCF championed democratic socialism and made way for co-operation, public ownership of industries and universal health care in the province.
The CCF also spearheaded initiatives to integrate and modernize northern parts of the province. Unfortunately, efforts to improve health care facilities, for example, only heightened unemployment and poverty. Aboriginal peoples were adversely affected by these measures.
Once Europeans established settlements, agriculture overtook hunting and trapping. Wheat, once the plains were settled, was a large factor in Canada's international dealings. This relationship is especially true of wheat farming, cattle ranching and the extraction of fossil fuels. The province's economy since the drought and Depression decade of the s has shown an impressive capacity for diversification in both agricultural and non-agricultural production.
In recent years, the province has seen a surge in the transportation sector as well as in development and construction. Commonly the province has had little control over the transportation of its own products, or the financing of it, and this situation did not change as wheat was supplemented by natural gas, petroleum and potash. A high percentage of the consumer goods used in Saskatchewan, on the other hand, from canned food to automobiles and farm implements, are imported.
A recurring feeling among sections of the population is that the province's economy is the victim of outside forces that are not always benign.
This feeling provides one reason for the remarkable success of the Co-operative Movement in Saskatchewan, through which citizens have banded together to satisfy numerous economic needs. Co-operatives are found in virtually every segment of the retailing and distributing trades, and in many service industries. Inthe province had 1, co-operatives withactive members. Co-operative associations in Saskatchewan represent 14 per cent of the national total.
Agriculture Although non-agricultural production constitutes over half of Saskatchewan's annual output, agriculture remains the largest single industry. We congratulate both Shayna and Kieran for their outstanding achievements and wish them continued success in their sports, education, and volunteer efforts.
She is a known multi-sport athlete and an accomplished student, maintaining an 85 per cent academic average and receiving numerous awards, including being named Student of the Year in Shayna has competed in soccer, volleyball, basketball, golf, and track and field; however, her specialty is hockey.
She recently finished her third year as Team Captain for the North Battlefords Sharks female AAA team and was awarded the "most valuable defense" and "leadership" awards. Shayna has played on Team Sask since the age of 13, and has played on three SaskCan summer teams.
She also finds time to volunteer on student council and take on lead roles in fine arts programs. He has been described as an exceptional athlete, an excellent citizen and a talented, humble leader. When Kieran was younger, he was diagnosed with Juvenile Dermatomyositis, a children's autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to attack the muscles. Fortunately, the condition was diagnosed before any serious damage was caused. Kieran started his career in organized sports by participating in track and field.
At the age of 13, he won both the regional and provincial competitions of the Hershey track and field games, and was selected to compete in the North American Final. In Grade 9, Kieran won five city races, was awarded the Midget Boys Aggregate for scoring the most individual points in his age class, and broke the meet record at the Caltaf Track Classic in the and metre hurdles.