Relationship between attendance and academic performance

relationship between attendance and academic performance

For this reason, the ability to predict students' academic success has been The connection between attendance and peer behavior has been. What is the correlation between attendance and academic performance of students in secondary schools in Delta state, Nigeria? Purpose of the Study. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between student attendance and academic performance in a medical student obstetrics/gynecology clinical rotation.

relationship between attendance and academic performance

Academic performance is an essential factor in the success of the post-education period with respect to employment [ 2 ]. The knowledge regarding expected academic performance is also a valuable input for educators and school administrators, as this information can be used to identify and target vulnerable students at risk of dropping out or in need of additional attention.

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However, gathering information about attendance levels using conventional methods surveys or self-reports is subject to inherent biases [ 3 ] and moreover, can be costly to gather at the scale of schools or universities. Here we propose a new method for measuring attendance. This new methodology overcomes important limitations of previous approaches. This is the first time a dataset of comparable richness has been used to conduct analyses on attendance. The theoretical literature on student achievement emphasizes that class attendance is associated with better performance.

One strand of theoretical literature are the pedagogical models where class attendance can be seen as student involvement, among other features which also highlights the resources of the school and the content being taught [ 4 ].

Other theoretical approaches include economic models where rational agents decide on optimal usage of time spent studying vs. There is a large body of existing data-driven research on class attendance, absenteeism and their impact on academic achievements [ 6 — 23 ] as well as on the relationship between behavior of peers [ 24 — 28 ]. However, the methodology applied in the large majority of previous work has limitations: Two exceptions that collected data from sensors are the StudentLife study [ 23 ] and Zhou et al.

Although there were variations observed in class attendance, they found no relation between final grades and absence either initial level or the pace of absence over the term which contradicts the findings of most related studies. Another approach is used by Zhou et al.

Based on nine weeks of observations, Zhou et al. Moreover, compared to low performing students, they were also found to be more likely to arrive late to class.

Our approach shares some similarities with [ 2329 ] but there are also some fundamental differences as we have also investigated dynamic patterns i.

Most existing studies have found that class attendance is a significant and positive predictor of course grades [ 6 — 2022 ]. More specifically, the meta study by Crede et al. Some studies report on experiments which have quantified the importance of attendance on exam performance through mandatory attendance [ 17 ] and intentionally omitting parts of the curriculum [ 19 ], and both found a significant effect on the number of exam questions answered correctly.

In addition to general attendance throughout the semester, initial attendance has been shown to be an important predictor of academic success [ 7 ]. Previous results also indicate that average attendance drops over the course of the semester, irrespective of performance [ 102130 ]. The connection between attendance and peer behavior has been explored to a lesser extent.

relationship between attendance and academic performance

Only a few preliminary observations exist in the literature based on co-occurrence at class or workplace [ 24 — 28 ]. One example is the work of De Paola, where individual absence behavior was found be related to peer group absenteeism [ 28 ]. Yet these studies are limited by having no access to data regarding actual communication or interactions. Educational policies aimed at increasing attendance have a broad set of tools.

The standard approach is to enact mandatory attendance as experimented in [ 17 ]. Other tools include tutoring [ 31 ] and nudging [ 32 ]. Moreover, for children and adolescents other options are to involve partnerships from schools to parents and their communities [ 3334 ]. The aim of our study was to evaluate the accuracy of measuring class attendance from smartphone data and assess its usefulness for discovering new patterns in attendance.

Class attendance, peer similarity, and academic performance in a large field study

These aims were divided into three specific objectives: As a specific question we investigated whether a method based on finding large clusters of students enrolled in the same course was sufficient. What is the degree of similarity in attendance between students who are social peers? As part of the CNS project, various data types were recorded by dedicated smartphones from nearly 1, undergraduate students at the Technical University of Denmark DTUover a period of 2 years.

The total amount of time that students report studying has often been examined as a potential predictor of success in school. It might seem that the more time that students spend studying, the better grades they should receive Plant, Ericsson, Hill and Asberg, In this research, Attendance is the amount of time that students participate in class activities, and is measured hours per day, days per week, sessions per month and percentage of time.

The main purpose of this study was to describe the variables and then explain the relationship between the two variables, student attendance and academic performance. The paper has the following objectives: To determine factors that affects the attendance of the students of Somali higher institutional education.

relationship between attendance and academic performance

To investigate the relationship between class attendance and academic performance of Somali higher education students. This result was found to be qualitatively robust to the inclusion among the explanatory variables of students' grade point average and the fraction of problem sets completed 0. Class attendance is very crucial for a better performance in a verbal —based subject like Social Studies, It has further shown that gender factor is also crucial in analyzing class attendance problem and eventual student achievement in Social Studies.

Academic freedom in tertiary educational institutions provides students with opportunities to absent themselves from classes. The rates of absenteeism defer from one institution to another and various www.

According to Durden and Ellis investigated the link between overall course grade and self-reported attendance levels in a sample of principles of economics students over three semesters.

Their results, based on OLS controlling for ability and motivational factors GPA, college-entrance exam scores, having had a course in calculus indicate that attendance matters for academic performance.

10 Facts About School Attendance - Attendance Works

In particular, whereas low levels of absenteeism have little effect on the eventual outcome, excessive absenteeism has a large and significant effect. Rodgers found that attendance has a small but statistically significant effect on performance in a sample of introductory statistics course. Kirby and McElroy study the determinants of levels of attendance at lectures and classes and the relationship with exam performance in a sample of first year economics students, finding that hours worked and travel time are the main determinants of class attendance, and that the late, in turn, has a positive and diminishing marginal effect on grade.

Among studies who reach less robust conclusions about the positive effect of attendance on performance. The sample size of the study was respondents- including all last semester students in faculty of Business and accountancy department. The survey strategy is employed to conduct for this study because it is a popular and common strategy in business and management researches; the study employed descriptive and correlation design because it was considered the most appropriate design for this study.

Sampling Procedure This study was employed simple random sampling that is part from probability sampling techniques. Simple random sampling was used to select a random sample of this study. Simple random sampling was used to ensure that each member of the target population has an equal and independent chance of being included in the sample that might increase the reliability of the findings this study was produced.

Reliability Test To measure reliability the researchers used Cronbach's alpha. It is most commonly used when there are multiple Likert questions in a survey questionnaire that form a scale, and you wish to determine if the scale is reliable. Hence, male have significantly dominated in the field of higher education.

relationship between attendance and academic performance

The responses were indicated on a five-point scale and, for this purpose, responses 1 and 2 agree and strongly agree were viewed as high and responses 4 and 5 strongly disagree and disagree were viewed as low. Response 3, not sure, was left out of the equation. Subsequently, each question was tested to determine whether the difference between the www.

It therefore can be accepted that these three concepts were strong motivators for class attendance according to the students. The discussions in the class are very 5 2. I liked the way in which the lecturers 6 2. Useful tips about tests and the exam are 7 1. The group works in class help me to 8 3. The academic environ -ment at SU 9 1. I get better results when I attend all the 10 2.

The lectures help me to better 11 3. Class attendance is an important 12 2. As shown in table 3 below, the Project Management course attendance is Students are attended these courses very well.

relationship between attendance and academic performance

The Business Research course attendance is Students are attended these courses very well according the mean averages over all of Students are scored these courses well according the mean averages over all of It tells us that a one level increase of Course attendances leads to. The probability of this correlation coefficient occurring by chance is.

Correlation is significant at the 0. As introduced in the above paragraphs there were similarities between this study and prior studies like Enamiroro, An empirical investigation was undertaken, using the simple correlation analytical technique, specifically the Pearson product movement correlation coefficient PPMC. The first objective of the study was to examine the factors that affect student attendance at SIMAD University, after the data collection and analysis the major findings of the this question follows: According to the mean average and standard deviation.

Journal of Educational Psychology45, Maryland State Department of Education. Maryland school performance report: The interfaces between attendance, academic achievement, and equal educational opportunity. The report of consent degree monitoring team.

Journal of American Indian Education, 22, Some evidence of class attendance and grade performance. Educatinal Research Quarterly, 3, Effects of student uniforms on attendance, behavior problems,substance use and academic achievement. The Journal of Educational Research92,