Australia-Papua New Guinea relationship
Jan 11, The Declaration reflects the evolution of the bilateral relationship since Joint understanding between Australia and Papua New Guinea on. Oct 26, Some per cent of the population directly derive their livelihood links have given PNG a special place in Australia's foreign relations and. Oct 10, The size of the aid cheque is no where near as significant as personal connections and sustained neighbourly attention.
Provide support through a service provider to any refugees who are resettled in Papua New Guinea or in any other participating regional, including Pacific Island, state; Assist Papua New Guinea in effecting the transfer of those transferees who seek return to their home country or country where they have right of residence; and Bear the full cost of implementing the arrangement in Papua New Guinea for the life of the arrangement. Kevin Rudd said recently that he expected the asylum seeker centre in Manus to close three years ago.
But the detention drifted on with no end in sight until the PNG Supreme Court ruled in April that the detention of asylum seekers on Manus breached the rights to liberty enshrined in the PNG constitution and ordered that detention be ceased.PNG security
After a further 18 months, Australia is closing the detention centre but has muddied its relationship with Papua New Guinea and tarnished its reputation. Australian economic and security interests in Papua New Guinea are extensive.
The government of Papua New Guinea and people of Manus have done the Australian government a very great political favour in accommodating asylum seekers and refugees with no clear long-term plan in place.
The Australia government has been meeting the costs of maintaining the detention centre but is now at odds with the PNG government on which bears responsibilities for the refugees and unsuccessful asylum seekers.
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Given that PNG is in the midst of a budget crisis and cannot afford to keep hospitals open or pay teachers, it is hard to understand how Canberra can be making any demands of Port Moresby. At a time when Papua New Guinea is facing one of its most serious economic crises and as it prepares to host APEC inthe bilateral political relationship is unnecessarily and unhelpfully focused on refugees from third countries.
The aid program has had a heavy focus on Manus as part of the arrangement between the Australian and PNG governments. While there is little doubt Manus needs assistance, there is an argument that the needs of many other provinces are just as great and as deserving of Australian aid.
In an era where other international partners, including China, are actively courting not only the PNG government but its people with various forms of soft diplomacy, Australia cannot afford to be losing the public relations game.
The Australian media has focused on activities in Manus at the expense of much-needed attention on more critical issues affecting our nearest neighbour. The situation in Manus is a humanitarian tragedy that is of course felt most acutely by the refugees and asylum seekers living in uncertainty. It is incumbent on the Australian government to act decisively now to avoid any further damage to its relationship with Papua New Guinea.
Relationship with Australia
In the elections, the figure was almost 60 per cent, with 45 incumbents re-elected. The PNG Constitution protects new Governments from Parliamentary motions of no-confidence during the first 18 months of a five-year term. Once the month moratorium expires, a successful no-confidence motion may result in a new Prime Minister forming a government without the need for a national election. If the no-confidence motion occurs during the last twelve months of a five-year term, a national election must be held.
Changes in government following motions of no-confidence have been a characteristic of PNG politics since independence. Bilateral relations Overview Geographic proximity and historical links have given PNG a special place in Australia's foreign relations and the bilateral relationship is one of our most complex and wide-ranging.
The current bilateral agenda includes close cooperation on economic, development, security, immigration and people to people issues. Our leaders and ministers are in close and regular contact and there is a burgeoning trade and investment relationship.
Ministers also met with business representatives. Defence and security cooperation We have a strong and wide-ranging defence partnership with PNG that builds on our shared history and is firmly focused on the future.
The PNGDF made a valuable contribution to peace in the region through its decade long involvement in bringing peace and stability back to Solomon Islands. Economic overview From the mids, PNG experienced over a decade of comparatively robust economic growth, with expanding formal employment opportunities and strong growth in government expenditure and revenues. Economic growth peaked in with the commencement of exports from the LNG Project.
Sincethe government has implemented significant expenditure cuts in an attempt to maintain macroeconomic stability. Growth has slowed, and is projected to remain moderate over the short to medium term. PNG continues to confront considerable development challenges. With around 80 to 85 per cent of Papua New Guineans residing in traditional rural communities, the majority secure their livelihoods from subsistence gardens and small-scale cash cropping.
Major Australian exports to PNG are crude petroleum, civil engineering equipment and parts, meat and wheat. Major imports to Australia from PNG are gold, crude petroleum, silver and platinum. The resource sector has traditionally been a focus of this investment, particularly gold mining and oil and gas.
Australian investment has also been directed towards light manufacturing, infrastructure and service delivery. Key Bilateral Agreements These agreements include: