Relationship between federal state and local government in nigeria

relationship between federal state and local government in nigeria

The Relationship Between Federal, State, and Local Governments The federal government also appropriates money to the state for the administration. Aug 14, The structure of Nigerian government is made up of three tiers: Relationship between federal, state and local government in Nigeria. Buhari. Relationship Between Federal and State Governments: Local Government. Front Cover F & F Publishers, - Local government - 46 pages.

After independence inthe derivation principle was modified in the interest of national unity, and the federal system of government began to be used to accommodate the diverse social and political interests of a multiethnic state. Sinceunder successive military regimes, revenue administration and collection became increasingly centralized, and regional allocation was engineered at the discretion of the military government. Simultaneously, expenditure responsibilities and government functions also became centralized, with the federal government assuming the role of the engine of social and economic development.

Inthe local governments became recognized as the third tier of government, entitled to statutory allocations from both federal and state governments Over the years, analysts have pointed out problems with this model as it is believed that the states and LGAs should do more than just acting as agents of the Federal Government and should be fundamentally involved in the effective delivery of public services.

This led to political leaders at the state level demanding constitutional guarantees of their fiscal autonomy. Also, the Local Government chairmen have also clamored for a greater share of resources and arguing that as grassroots organizations they are most responsive to the people, however, there is deep distrust at higher tiers about both their capacity and their accountability.

Relationship between the three tiers of government in Nigeria

The constitution elaborates the roles of these various levels of government. In fact, the current distribution of responsibilities is provided in the Second and Fourth Schedules of the Constitution—Part I of the Second Schedule contains the exclusive legislative list on which only the federal government can act; Part II contains the concurrent legislative list on which both the federal and state governments can act; the Fourth Schedule provides the list of functions of the Local Government Councils.

Hence, strictly speaking, the Constitution does not really provide the list of functions to be executed by the Federal Government of Nigeria and the states as it does for the Local Government Councilsbut only the subjects upon which they can legislate. This indicates that the Federal Government of Nigeria is responsible for matters of national concern such as defense, foreign affairs, regulation, and monetary policy.

Relationship between the three tiers of government in Nigeria ▷

On the other hand, the responsibility of service delivery in the areas of education, health, infrastructure, agriculture and industry is concurrently shared with states and Local Government Authorities. Also, the local government authorities are responsible for the delivery of services such as public health; pre-school, primary and adult education; town planning; waste disposal; local transport; and roads.

Overall, we can say that the local government relates to the state and the federal government in the following ways: State government creates local governments under a state law. Each local government is created by an instrument. The federal government can undertake reforms of the local government system and make necessary changes in the system in consultation with state government. There are certain services, which both local governments and the state government provide jointly.

These are primary education, health services and agricultural and industrial services. The state government provides the standards and general control for these services. Apart from the functions assigned to local governments by the constitution, the state government can assign other functions to local governments from time to time. Also, the federal government determines how the local government share of the federation accounts is shared out to them.

Additionally, the federal government can give specific grants to local governments for specific services. The federal government also has the power to know how the money it paid to the local government is spent. The state and federal government can execute certain functions on community development through or jointly with local governments.

The state government can institute an inquiry into the operation of the local government.

relationship between federal state and local government in nigeria

It can punish offenders, it can dissolve the council and appoint a caretaker council until an election is conducted. The state government approves the estimate, bye-laws and major programmes of the local government before they are implemented. The state government provides inspectors who visit local governments regularly to inspect their operations. They look into their income and expenditure and other records and offer advice to the local government officials.

relationship between federal state and local government in nigeria

The state government auditors audit the account of the local government annually. The state government provides rules which guide local government staff. It provides the local government with financial memorandum.

Relationship to Federal & State Government

The state government also regulates and controls the appointment of certain professionals working with local governments like medical officers, etc. Often times, the relationship of the three tiers of government is a talking point based on the revenue sharing formula that allocates resources from the Federation Account amongst the three tiers of government—currently The FRN is composed of 36 states that share sovereignty with the Federal Government and 1 federal territory administered solely by the Federal Government.

relationship between federal state and local government in nigeria

Also, the Federal Government is composed of three distinct branches: The Executive Arm The executive arm is better explained within the context of the presidency. Generally, politics in Nigeria takes place within the framework of a federal, presidential, representative democratic republic, in which executive power is exercised by the government.


The President of the Country serves as the head of the Federal Executive Council which is also known as the cabinet. The executive branch is divided into Federal Ministries, each headed by a minister appointed by the president.

The president must include at least one member from each of the 36 states in his cabinet. Even though collaboration is a type of relationship between the tiers, there are other areas of cooperation or relationship. The power sharing relationship This is the first area of the relationship among the tiers of the government in Nigeria. Each of the tiers has a type of an important list. There are three types: The exclusive list can be considered as a symbol of power.

The concurrent list belongs to the federal and state governments. The residual belongs to the states.

relationship between federal state and local government in nigeria

The "power sharing" means that even though there are certain lists that belong to each tier, the responsibilities can be shifted among them in order to get better results. For example, even though primary education is in the list of the state government, other tiers can take it up when needed.

relationship between federal state and local government in nigeria

The power sharing relationship between the tiers means more productivity which is a great thing for the country, if you ask us. However, it leads to another area of cooperation. Revenue sharing or allocation This means that there are taxes that are collected by one tier of government on behalf of another.

It mostly occurs when the power and responsibilities for certain areas are shifted between tiers, like during the "power sharing" times. It is common to have revenue sharing or allocation between the federal government and one of the other tiers.

It means that they are only responsible for issues on the local level. It is also known that the federal government is empowered by the Constitution and can have a significant impact on local government matters.

The big impact of the federal government on the local government matters was the cause of dispute between many Nigerians.