Hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes - Informed Health Online - NCBI Bookshelf
If you have diabetes, a disease characterized by high blood sugar and. This article will discuss the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of hypoglycemia, and the difference between hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. For people with diabetes, low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) occurs when Hypoglycemia is most common among people who take insulin, but it.
When to see a doctor Hypoglycemia can leave you confused or even unconscious, which requires emergency care.
Make sure your family, friends and co-workers know what to do. If you lose consciousness or can't swallow: You shouldn't be given fluids or food, which could cause choking You need an injection of glucagon — a hormone that stimulates the release of sugar into the blood You need emergency treatment in a hospital if a glucagon injection isn't on hand If you have symptoms of hypoglycemia several times a week, see your doctor.
You may need to change your medication or your dosage or otherwise adjust your diabetes treatment program. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes Hypoglycemia is most common among people who take insulin, but it can also occur if you're taking certain oral diabetes medications.
Common causes of diabetic hypoglycemia include: Taking too much insulin or diabetes medication Not eating enough Postponing or skipping a meal or snack Increasing exercise or physical activity without eating more or adjusting your medications Drinking alcohol Blood sugar regulation The hormone insulin lowers glucose levels when glucose is elevated. If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and need insulin to control your blood sugar, taking more insulin than you need can cause your blood sugar level to drop too low and result in hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia also may result if, after taking your diabetes medication, you eat less than usual or exercise more than you normally do. Your doctor can work with you to prevent this imbalance by finding the dose that fits your regular eating and activity patterns.
Diabetic hypoglycemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Complications If you ignore the symptoms of hypoglycemia too long, you may lose consciousness. That's because your brain needs glucose to function. Recognize the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia early because if untreated, hypoglycemia can lead to: Seizures Loss of consciousness Death On the other hand, be careful not to overtreat your low blood sugar.
If you do, you may cause your blood sugar level to rise too high hyperglycemiawhich can become a problem with repeated episodes of hypoglycemia. Prevention To help prevent diabetic hypoglycemia: Don't skip or delay meals or snacks.
If you take insulin or oral diabetes medication, be consistent about the amount you eat and the timing of your meals and snacks. Monitor your blood sugar.
Difference Between Diabetes And Hypoglycemia
For mild to moderate hypoglycemia, you need to consume 15 grams of carbohydrates, for example, a piece of hard candy, a cup of milk, 6 ounces of orange juice, or 7 ounces of regular not diet soda. Then you should wait minutes and retest your blood sugar level. If the level is still low, you should consume an additional 15 grams of carbohydrates. Close friends or relatives should be aware of your condition and be taught how to recognize severe hypoglycemia and treat it quickly if you cannot do it yourself, with an injection of glucagon a hormone that raises blood glucose levels.
In certain cases, they will need to take you to the hospital or call for emergency assistance: If your consciousness is affected and no glucagon is available If confusion continues after treatment with glucagon If your blood sugar remains low despite eating or receiving glucagon How can you avoid hypoglycemia?
What Is the Difference Between Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia?
The best way to avoid hypoglycemia is to test your blood sugar regularly, follow the diet and exercise plan suggested by your diabetes healthcare team, and always take your diabetes medications in the recommended doses and at the recommended times. Also, it is important to follow your meals schedule. Ask your doctor if your diabetes medication can produce or contribute to hypoglycemia. If it can, ask whether you need to take additional precautions.