The oldest religion between christian and muslim relationship

What happens when you fall in love across the religious divide? | Life and style | The Guardian

the oldest religion between christian and muslim relationship

From his "first revelation" for the rest of his life, Muhammad Thus, there is "a history of Muslims, Jews, Christians, and other Relation to Non-Christian Religions Nostra Aetate. Islam sees Judaism and Christianity as earlier to its first chapter, the Fatiha [ enlarge ] connection to Islam by virtue of having been given revelations from God. religion, perceived the religions of others, and articulated relations between religions in .. First of all, common to Judaism, Christianity and Islam is the idea that.

Judaism's views of Christianity and Islam Jews do not believe in the prophets after the Jewish prophets, including Jesus and Muhammad. Therefore, they do not subscribe to the idea that Jesus was the Messiah and the son of God, nor do they believe in the teachings of Islam. Until the emperor Constantine converted to Christianity in C. The development of Christian groups derived from major and minor splits.

In the 16th century, Martin Luther, upset at the corruption of the Catholic papacy, spearheaded a reformation movement that led to the development of Protestantism. Christian missionaries proselytize all over the world, and there are large populations of Christians on every continent on Earth, although the forms of Christianity practiced vary.

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The tradition of asceticism denial of physical pleasures in order to come closer to God developed first in the Middle East, and the monastic tradition has its roots there. These groups have different liturgical languages, rituals, and customs, and different leaders who direct their faith. The Coptic Church, the dominant form of Christianity in Egypt, arose from a doctrinal split in the Church at the Council of Chalcedon in The Egyptian government supports the Copts' rights to worship and maintain their culture, but there has been some violence against the community by extremist Muslims.

The establishment of Lebanon as an independent state is announced on the steps of a Maronite church, Lebanon, The Maronite Patriarch, based in Lebanon, guides his followers in the teachings of Maroun and other saints. Maronites are still one of the most powerful political communities in Lebanon. There are also Christian communities of different sects living today in Syria 10 percent of the populationJordan 6 percentthe West Bank 8 percentand Iraq 3 percentwith smaller percentages in other Middle Eastern countries.

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, many Christians from what is now Syria and Lebanon then the Ottoman Empire emigrated to the United States and other countries. Although Christians are a minority in the Middle East today, more than 75 percent of Americans of Arab descent are Christian.

What Christians believe Christianity developed out of the monotheistic tradition of Judaism; Jesus, its founder, was a member of the Jewish community in Roman Palestine.

Comparison Table between Christianity, Islam and Judaism

Its holy scriptures are the Old Testament the Jewish Torah with additionsand the New Testament written by the followers of Jesus after his death and containing the life story of Jesus and other early Christian writings.

Jesus is considered the son of God, born to the virgin Mary and come to Earth to offer redemption for mankind's sins. After Jesus was crucified and executed by the Romans, he rose from the dead and ascended into heaven. This event is celebrated at Easter, while the birth of Jesus is celebrated at Christmas. Christians believe in an afterlife where those who have lived a good life will reside in heaven with God, and those who have lived an unrepentant life of sin will be punished in hell.

Instead, they believe that the ritualistic Jewish law was abrogated in favor of a universal gospel for all of humanity and the Christian teaching, "Love thy neighbor as thyself.

the oldest religion between christian and muslim relationship

There, Jewish communities were often subject to discrimination and violence at the hands of Christians. Christians do not accept Muhammad as a prophet. While many Christians in the Middle East converted to Islam during and after the seventh century, the Church hierarchy in Rome and Constantinople considered Islam to be both a political and theological threat. The Crusades were an unsuccessful attempt to reverse the Islamic conquest of the eastern Mediterranean and the holy places of all three monotheistic religions.

As in the other faiths, prayer is important. The Jewish prayer book is called the siddur. Sin We inherit a sinful nature through our common ancestor Adam, who rebelled against God. Jesus Christ atoned for our sins through his death on the Cross Romans 5: There is no concept of original sin, nor vicarious atonement. All Humans are born sinless, but human weakness leads to sin. Judaism rejects the doctrine of original sin.

Atonement for sins commited is made through seeking forgiveness from God in prayer and repentance. In addition, the day of atonement Yom Kippur is set aside specially for this purpose. Salvation By grace through faith in Jesus Christ Ephesians 2: Through good works, prayers and the grace of God. There is no parallel to the Christian view of substitutionary atonement.

Christianity and Islam

Hell A place of everlasting punishment for the unrighteous Matthew There is no crossover between Heaven and Hell. A place of torment and fire Quran In Islam, Hell is known as Jahannam. Jahannam has several levels and a person may not necessarily spend eternity there. We naturally look for someone who has made the same leaps of faith, who has gone through the same internal transformation, who nods along knowingly as we describe our indescribable connection to something invisible.

the oldest religion between christian and muslim relationship

We imagine someone who gets us, who shares the same truth or God or gods that we do, or, perhaps, who has uttered the same denials as us, or who remains as steadfastly unsure about the meaning of it all as we ourselves are. The assumption here is that sharing the same religion is a shortcut to deeper unity.

the oldest religion between christian and muslim relationship

But praying the same words in the same order, or reading the same sacred book through and through again, or singing the same songs are not necessarily a gateway to a meaningful connection. Each journey of faith is unique and personal. No two believers are alike. And, as anyone in any relationship will tell you, no two people are alike. Everyone has their own views, opinions and convictions, regardless of their chosen religion or lack of one. Some relationships are interfaith, but all relationships are inter-belief.

Muslim-Christian Relations: Historical and Contemporary Realities

What is that necessary and sufficient factor? We have found that it is far more important to share the same values than the same religion.

the oldest religion between christian and muslim relationship

It is true that some values are associated more closely with certain religion affiliations. But values do not just take root inside a person as a result of their religion, of how they have chosen to describe or name or worship God.