What is the relationship between atlas and axis of spine

Differences Between Atlas And Axis Vertebrae | Difference Between | Atlas And Axis Vertebrae

what is the relationship between atlas and axis of spine

You might have encountered in your biology classes the terms atlas and axis vertebrae. They are, however, hard at first to differentiate from. At the cervical region the spinal column is further classified into an Injury to the atlas or axis, such as fracture from a high-impact Wondering what to eat, how much, or just how to have a healthier relationship with food?. Of those 24 (not counting the sacrum and coccyx), two vertebrae are fortunate enough to have names. The atlas (C01) and axis (C02) are two.

The axial vertebrae or the axis bones are also collectively called the vertebral column or spine in the human skeleton. The human spine is comprised of the spinal column which is essential in transporting various nerve signals from the brain to the different parts of the body. Moreover, the axial skeleton also supports the back muscles and provides more movement to the upper body. While the axial vertebrae might have a spinal column, the atlas bone does not contain any spinous process and has no articular disks attached to it.

The atlas bone is found between the cranium and the axis vertebrae.

what is the relationship between atlas and axis of spine

Uses of the Atlas and Axis Vertebrae The atlas and axis vertebrae are important in the balance of the skeletal frame of the human body. Without each part of the vertebrae the body cannot function properly. It is best to understand these parts by learning that the atlas vertebrae is for stability while the axis is for motion and function of the latter.

what is the relationship between atlas and axis of spine

Both may relate to the skeletal system but the axis vertebrae is rather tackled in anatomy more than the atlas vertebrae, in that the former falls under the skeletal system functions.

Their uses are somewhat far from each other though both are essential and are needed for movement and for balance of the body. Proper maintenance of the skeletal frame is essential.

Atlas & Axis Vertebrae | These Bones Of Mine

Chiropractors are the doctors who help keep the bones in place for better balance of the body and to make sure that our frame is in the right place. It is best to visit a chiropractor once in a while to get a bone-tingling fixation from time to time.

Atlas was the god who held the celestial sphere. The axis vertebra is the bone which joins the spine and skull. The vertebrae are often referred to by their first distinction, and by the number in that area.

Differences Between Atlas And Axis Vertebrae

So the second cervical vertebrae is referred to as the C2 etc. The main bone landmark features of a typical vertebra are presented in the diagram below. Please note that there are variations depending on the class of vertebrae under discussion. Typical bone landmarks found on vertebrae and anatomical information Eckalbar et al Scoliosis and Segmentation Defects of The Vertebrae.

The vertebrae in these groups are typically found as below proximal to distal: The elements in this section of spine again increase in body size vertebral body. Each thoracic element articulates with a pair of ribs in the human skeleton. Finally the vertebral bodies of the lumbar vertebrae once again increase in size from superior to inferior as all vertebrae do. It must be remembered that due to variation, an added or missing vertebra, is a possibility.

Between the individual vertebrae bones are intervetebral discs present. In life, they help to provide movement between bones and act as ligaments. As discussed above, there are three vertebrae types, as seen in the diagram above and below.

The Axis bone also lacks a typical vertebral body. Unfortunately, it is often broken fractured during strangulation, and can be used as key indicator in murder cases. To both lateral sides are the pelvic bones Os Coxawhilst inferiorly lies the coccyx.

  • Atlas (anatomy)

It is the vestigial tail, and highly variable in shape. In later life, the Coccyx may fuse to the Sacrum. These points are the areas of maximum and minimum stress, and this is seen as the variation in the frequency of OA in the spinal column.