Hollande's ex writes about Klimt's Jewish mistress | The Times of Israel
The titular character in Woman in Gold is Adele Bloch-Bauer, whose . a businessman and philanthropist who had loved Adele's face from. Adele Bloch-Bauer (–): Possible diagnoses for Gustav Klimt's Lady in for evidence of a potential intimate relationship between artist and muse and. Adele Bloch-Bauer was an avid art patron at the centre of Vienna's cultural is that she is also the closed-eyed, blissed-out woman in The Kiss.
Ferdinand gave her Adele's jewelled choker, which had appeared in two of Klimt's paintings, as a wedding present. That autumn, following the Munich Agreementhe realised he was not safe and left for Paris. In September the following year, he moved to neutral Switzerland where he lived in a hotel. In his absence the Nazi regime falsely accused him of evading taxes of 1. His assets were frozen and, in May a seizure order was issued that allowed the state to dispose of his property as they felt fit.
His Viennese residence became an office of Deutsche Reichsbahnthe German railway company, while his castle in Czechoslovakia was taken after the German occupation as the personal residence of the Nazi general Reinhard Heydrich. In January he convened a meeting of museum and gallery directors to inspect the works and to give an indication of which they would like to obtain.
Gustav Klimt, Adele Bloch-Bauer I
A note accompanying the paintings stated he was acting in accordance with Adele's will. It made no reference to the pictures, which he thought had been lost forever, but it stated that his entire estate was left to his nephew and two nieces—one of whom was Maria Altmann.
Gustav Rinesh, a Viennese lawyer, to reclaim stolen artwork on their behalf. The Galerie Belvedere based its claim of retention of the Klimt works on Adele's will. Randol Schoenberg to act on her behalf. Schoenberg was the son of a woman she had been friends with since they lived in Vienna. The committee turned down the request, again citing Adele's will as the reason they were retaining the works.
The committee's decision recommended that 16 Klimt drawings and 19 pieces of porcelain that had been held by Ferdinand and Adele and which were still at the Galerie Belvedere should be returned, as they fell outside the request of the will. She was informed that the cost of filing consisting of 1.The Woman in Gold: "Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer" by Gustav Klimt
The Austrian government filed for dismissal, based on arguments around the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act The Act granted immunity to sovereign nations except under certain conditions.
In a second portrait, dating fromAdele is standing facing the viewer, wearing a fashionable dress. The colorful wallpaper behind her evokes a far-eastern exotic fantasy-world. The rumors about an affair between her and Klimt were never confirmed.
In addition to the two portraits of Adele, the Bloch-Bauers also purchased four landscapes and numerous drawings by Klimt. Inafter the couple moved to their new grand palace opposite the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, Adele erected a shrine dedicated to Klimt in her chambers. His paintings decorated the walls, while his photo stood on a side table. But, their home base remained in Vienna, where Adele continued her role as a salon lady.
Julius Tandler, a prominent guest, also became her physician. It was possibly due to his influence that she began to support Socialist causes. On January 24, Bloch-Bauer died suddenly of meningitis, in Vienna.
BBC - Culture - The mysterious muse of Gustav Klimt
Infollowing the annexation of Austria to Nazi Germany, the paintings were aryanized. Ferdinand fled to Czechoslovakia and later continued to Zurich, where he died shortly after the end of the war. He is buried beside his wife in Vienna. His last request to recover the Klimt paintings and other artworks from their exquisite collection was not fulfilled in his lifetime. District Court regarding five Gustav Klimt paintings and to submit the dispute to binding arbitration in Austria.
In January the arbitration resulted in the award of the paintings to Maria Altmann.
This vast sum was granted because a Swiss bank which Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer appointed as trustee of his sugar refinery in handed the business to an industrialist with ties to the Nazis in