Provides an overview of Brazil, including key events and facts. Americans and the descendants of African slaves and European settlers. 5 days ago With the election of Jair Bolsonaro, US-Brazil relations stand to gain a great deal — but only if Trump makes a concerted diplomatic effort. Far-right politician Jair Bolsonaro will be given the keys to Brazil's presidential . On the foreign policy front, Brazil's relationship with China.
In the context of Brazil's deep economic recession, critics of the open-door asylum policy argue that Syrian refugees represent an unnecessary extra cost as well as a potential security threat.
But, for Cecilia Baeza, a professor of international relations at the Pontifical University of Sao Paolo, the majority of Syrians claiming asylum in Brazil "have a level of education higher than the Brazilian average.
Race and ethnicity in Brazil
They represent more an opportunity for Brazil, in terms of competency, than a burden. In his first act as minister, Serra set out a list of directives recalibrating Brazil's foreign policy objectives. First among them was a new emphasis on economic and trade-related issues; a subsequent directive stressed the need to strengthen Brazil's relationships with its traditional partners: Europe, the US and Japan, a significant move away from the previous governments' engagement with the G, a loose coalition of developing nations.
- Brazil country profile
- Where is Brazil headed under Bolsonaro?
In practical terms, one noteworthy consequence of this change in posture was a decision by the Brazilian delegation at the United Nations to retroactively withdraw a vote in support of a UNESCO resolution describing Israel as an "occupying power" and denying a Jewish connection to the Western Wall and Temple Mount. Brazil, under both Rousseff and her predecessor, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, had a longstanding supportive attitude toward Palestine.
In February, the first Palestinian Authority embassy in the Western Hemisphere was inaugurated in the Brazilian capital. Economic liberalisation Brazil is barely crawling out of its worst economic recession on record. While unemployment has fallen slightly in recent months, it still remains stubbornly high at more than 12 percent with economists seeing no quick fix for a recovery. To that end he said he will appoint Paulo Guedes, an ultra-liberal economist and banker, trained at the University of Chicago, to head his planned economic ministry.
Guedes hopes to enact a sweeping privatisation programme of state-owned assets.
Brazil stocks jumped to a record high Monday and the currency, the real, also saw gains. It is not yet clear, however, what form the privatisation element of the pair's economic plans may take.
Fearing a Chinese buy-up of Brazilian assets, Bolsonaro has recently rowed back on Guedes's calls for a full privatisation of state-run oil company Petrobras and the electric utility company Eletrobras.
Bolsonaro has also vowed to shrink the size of the federal government by cutting the number of ministries in Brasilia from 29 to Environmental deregulation Environmentalists have expressed great concern for the preservation of the Amazon during Bolsonaro's term in office.
Bolsonaro had previously promised to take Brazil out of the Paris Climate Agreement - following the example of US President Donald Trump - but apparently backtracked last week. He has spoken out in favour of the removal of restrictions on mining and other commercial activities on lands currently demarcated as indigenous reserves, many of which are located in Brazilian sections of the Amazon.
The president-elect is hostile to indigenous interests and said at an event in Rio de Janeiro last year that he would not give "one centimetre" of demarcated land. About 13 percent of Brazil's national territory is Indigenous lands, 98 percent of which is in the Amazon, considered a crucial buffer against the impacts of climate change.
A close ally of the powerful congressional farming lobby, Bolsonaro will also combine the environment ministry with the agriculture ministry, his chosen chief of staff Onyx Lorenzoni said on Monday.
Brazil country profile - BBC News
On Thursday, Bolsonaro appeared to backtrack on a potential merger, saying his administration may in fact keep the ministries separate. This decree remained valid until October 5, when, due to pressures of coffee planters interested in cheap manpower, it was overturned by Law Later immigration, from on, was not so much influenced by that race discussions and Brazil attracted, besides Europeans, more immigrants from LebanonSyria and Japan, for example[ citation needed ].
Oliveira Vianna and the ideology of "Whitening"[ edit ] See also: Racial whitening and Mongrel complex The Brazilian government, as was commonplace at that time, endorsed positions expressed by Brazilian intellectuals. An example is a text, written by Oliveira Viannathat was issued as introductory material to Census results. Many pages of Vianna's work were dedicated to the discussion of a "pure race" of white Brazilians.
According to the text, written by Oliveira Vianna, the first Portuguese colonists who came to Brazil were part of the blond Germanic nobility that ruled Portugal, while the dark-haired "poor" Portuguese only came to Brazil later, in the 17th and especially the 18th century.
Race and ethnicity in Brazil - Wikipedia
The painting depicts a black grandmother, mulatta mother, white father and their quadroon child, hence three generations of hypergamy through racial whitening.
According to Oliveira Vianna, the blond Portuguese of Germanic origin were "restless and migratory", and that's why they emigrated to Brazil. On the other hand, the Portuguese of darker complexions were of Celtic or Iberian origin and came when the Portuguese settlement in Brazil was already well established, because, according to him, "The peninsular brachyoids, of Celtic race, or the dolicoides, of Iberian race, of sedentary habits and peaceful nature, did not have, of course, that mobility nor that bellicosity nor that spirit of adventure and conquest".
The book appeared at a moment when there was a widespread belief among social scientists that some races were superior to other ones, and in the same period when the Nazi Party in Germany was on the rise. Freyre's work was very important to change the mentality, especially of the white Brazilian elite, who considered the Brazilian people as "inferior" because of their African and Amerindian ancestry.
New Brazilian government suspends plans to welcome Syrian refugees
In this book, Freyre argued against the idea that Brazil would have an "inferior race" because of the race-mixing. Then, he pointed the positive elements that permeate the Brazilian cultural formation because of miscegenation especially between Portuguese, Indians and blacks. Freyre's book has changed the mentality in Brazil, and the mixing of races, then, became a reason to be a national pride.
However, Freyre's book created the Brazilian myth of the Racial democracyso that Brazil was a "post-racial" country without identitarianism or desire to preserve one's European ancestry. This theory was later challenged by several anthropologists who claim that, despite the race-mixing, the white Brazilian population still occupies the top of the Brazilian society, while Blacks, Indians and mixed-race people are largely found in the poor population.