Hollande makes emotional final foreign stop in Berlin - The Local
Germany's opposition Social Democrats mark their th birthday Thursday, with French President Francois Hollande as the only foreign. Clearly the Angela Merkel-Barack Obama relationship was meant to be including Theresa May and French President Francois Hollande. The relationship between France and Germany undergirds postwar Europe – and some worry the Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel chats with France's President Francois Hollande (r.) at the Take our geography quiz.
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As Europe struggles, the Franco-German alliance turns testy - promovare-site.info
The growing perception that some European politics should be renationalized is troubling, she says. The European Coal and Steel Community was not just economic but political: It was considered such a key moment that the day the proposal was made, on May 9,is celebrated today as Europe Day.
Charles de Gaullewho famously said Europe was "a coach and horses, with Germany the horse and France the coachman.
France is statist, Germany is federalist. France wants a much greater role for itself on the world stage.Speech Guy Verhofstadt to Angela Merkel and François Hollande on the future of Europe
A testier relationship But deeper fissures have appeared over this year, as France has lost its competitiveness and Germany has powered forward, giving Germany a leading voice in EU affairs — and leaving a smaller voice for France.
Germany wants a strong France. Germans have increasingly chastised France for not doing enough to reform its labor market and boost productivity, warning it could join the list of failed economies of the south. And it was an open secret in Berlin that Merkel was hoping Hollande's conservative predecessor Nicolas Sarkozy would be re-elected.
Hollande sought to counter what was then being pushed by Germany, and generally known throughout Europe as "austerity policy," with something very different.
He wanted to put less pressure on poorer, mainly southern EU countries, to save and restructure their economies, and more government investment programs. Yet little would remain of that plan in the following years: Merkel and Hollande acted in concert, for instance in dealing with the Greek government, and pushed through a rigid reform course.
Ukraine and terror attacks Two things, more than any other, brought the two leaders together: Germany and France's role in the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, and their reaction to terror attacks in France. When US President Barack Obama signaled that he was inclined to leave a possible solution to the conflict in Eastern Ukraine to the Europeans, Merkel and Hollande took the initiative and founded the so-called " Normandy format.
Paris and Berlin maintained the format thereafter. In Februarythey managed to engineer a ceasefire Minsk II.
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Peace has not yet been achieved, but the communications format is still in place, and is being kept alive by foreign ministers from the four countries involved.
An image seen around the world Hollande welcomes Merkel as she arrives at the Elysee Palace after the Charlie Hebdo shootings in Paris on January 11, And in Februarya picture flashed across the globe: The chancellor, in Paris, her head on the president's shoulder, the two, joined in sorrow for the victims of the city's January terror attacks.
Hollande expressed gratitude in his book: