Paraguay frustrates Israel by moving embassy from Jerusalem back to Tel Aviv
Indian Council for Cultural Relations. Dr Vinay Sahasrabuddhe. President, Indian Council for Cultural Relations. promovare-site.info Ganguly Das. Director General, Indian. Australia has a positive relationship with Paraguay. The depth and nature of the relationship has grown significantly since diplomatic relations were established. When meeting someone for the first time in Paraguay it is customary to greet . Relationships at work are fairly formal, and a superior is often addressed by title. . Ethnicity: Most Paraguayans are mestizo, of Spanish and Native Indian origins .
Following the overthrow of the Spanish monarchy by Napoleon inthe Paraguayans revolted against Spanish rule and achieved independence in Paraguay was once the most industrialized country in South America, but the war against its larger neighbours, Argentina and Brazil, decimated both Paraguay's industrial base and indigenous population.
Following the Chaco War against Bolivia in the early s, politics in Paraguay was characterised for several decades by repressive military dictatorship and internal instability under General Alfredo Stroessner, who took power in a coup in The regime was marked by the suspension of civil liberties, violent repression and violations of human rights.
General Alfredo Stroessner took power in a coup in and remained in control for more than 30 years. As the leader of the Colorado Party, Stroessner exercised nearly complete control over the nation's political scene. The Constitution was modified eight times to legitimise his consecutive elections to the presidency.
Although opposition parties were nominally permitted after — the Colorado Party had been the only legal party in the country since — Paraguay remained largely a one-party state. During Stroessner's rule membership of the Colorado Party was a prerequisite for access to employment, job promotion, free medical care and other government services.
While Stroessner's rule saw stability, it came at a high cost as corruption and human rights abuses became routine and accepted. The regime was marked by the suspension of civil liberties and repression. This repression was at times brutal, including violent oppression of peasant uprisings and imprisonment of political critics, and at other times indirect, via self-censorship and co-optation. Human Rights violations such as torture, forced disappearance and extrajudicial executions, were commonplace and systematic.
According to the Truth and Justice Commission, convened in to investigate human rights abuses committed in Paraguay between andan estimated 4, people were murdered, "disappeared" and around 20, detained under Stroessner's rule. Rodriguez instituted political reforms and international rapprochement, and democracy was consolidated through adoption of the Constitution. Juan Carlos Wasmosy was elected as Paraguay's first civilian President in in elections regarded as generally free and fair.
On 15 Augustthe successful leftist candidate and former Catholic priest Fernando Lugo was sworn in as President of Paraguay.
Prior to President Lugo's appointment, Paraguay had been ruled by the Colorado party for 61 years, of which only 15 years were democratic.Apertura Indian Paraguay
Until Lugo's election, the Colorado Party's dominance of the Executive ensured control of the state bureaucracy. Clashes between the three branches of government were due to internal party factionalism, with the judiciary used as a political tool. Despite coming to power with a clear mandate and much goodwill, Lugo failed to seize the opportunity to implement significant change and was unable to manage a disparate team and he lost the support of his coalition partners of the centrist Liberal Party.
The Colorado Party used an incident on 15 June when police shot dead 11 people during an attack on a rural estate to force Lugo out through impeachment, accusing him of incompetence and failing in his responsibilities.
Colorado Party candidate Horacio Cartes, a successful businessman and political outsider, won the April presidential elections with approximately 46 per cent of the vote. President Cartes was inaugurated on 15 August Recent developments President Cartes's priorities during his term in office have been: He believes the best way to reduce poverty and improve social conditions is to encourage investment and job creation, rather than targeted benefits and emphasis on social programs.
The ruling Colorado Party has pressed for constitutional amendment to allow presidential re-election in currently prohibited.
System of government Paraguay is a constitutional republic headed by a directly elected president, with a bicameral legislature. Despite the economic growth undergone in the last decade, Paraguay is behind its neighbors regarding conservation of forests, wetlands and grasslands, and human development. InParaguay registered the second largest rate of deforestation in the world. Its Human Development Index is on the th spot from a total countries.
The small-scale farming sector is not a priority in national policy and it is affected by the lack of investment.
On the other hand, mechanized agriculture benefits from incentives, tax cuts and access to credit. Also there is a low compliance of labor and environmental laws. The result has been a model of agriculture that favors the concentration of land, wealth and political power in just a few hands.
Although there have been some advances in this domain among the younger generations, traditional roles are still respected, and tasks are clearly separated. Very few women occupy positions of power. If they are not housewives, women work in jobs that are traditionally reserved for them, i.
Their salaries are also lower. Men do not bother with domestic chores, instead taking care of the family's financial survival and matters outside the home. Clearly, there are fewer freedoms afforded to women. Religion is very visible in daily life, being an integral part of most popular festivals and family celebrations. Almost all Paraguayans are Roman Catholic. They willingly display their religious affiliation, but do not all practice to the same degree, and are tolerant in this respect.
In fact, some people go to church assiduously several times per week, whereas others only attend marriages and funerals. What may be said, however, is that Paraguayans are usually more superstitious than dogmatic, and their practice aims mainly at protecting themselves from potential dangers, obtaining favors, and curing illness. We must also mention the presence of Protestant groups across the country and of ethnic German Mennonite farmers in the Chaco. They do not interact much because they live in a sparsely populated region, far from the main cities.
Religion has little influence in the workplace. Social differences are very apparent in Paraguay. There are relatively few interactions between different classes because the well-to-do have put in place structures aimed at limiting this, such as private social and athletic clubs, gated communities, and so on.
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There is a serious problem with child prostitution. Social contrasts are great. At work, employees from what are considered lower classes usually occupy less important positions. They are often considered to be dull-witted and unproductive. It is generally those of lighter skin who are given more consideration and respect. As there is very little contact with other ethnic groups, attitudes towards these is difficult to evaluate.
However, because Paraguayans are rather homogenous in their appearance and their manner of dress, the expatriate should expect to be subjected to the stares of numerous inquisitive people. One may be the target of prejudice based on ignorance and a lack of multicultural contact, but no serious problems should occur. Cultural Information - Relationship-building Question: How important is it to establish a personal relationship with a colleague or client before getting to business?
It is very common to establish a personal relationship while getting down to business. Paraguayans, in general, are very open and warm; they will tell you about themselves, both in a formal business or informal social context. In Paraguayan society friendship and family occupy a central place so, depending on common interests such as sports, food, travel, and others, is very common to start with a good relationship.
In order to be well accepted in Paraguayan society and so that people might venture to place their trust in you, it is usually necessary to actively participate in social activities outside of work.
Be aware that politics are intermixed with several areas of Paraguayan daily life, and that allegiances and friendships are often determining factors in business. Career advancement is not necessarily based on personal ability, but more often than not on a system of loyalties to family, friends, and political organizations. Cultural Information - Privileges and Favouritism Question: Would a colleague or employee expect special privileges or considerations given our personal relationship or friendship Local Perspective: There are circumstances under which I recommend granting such privilege; consideration of such favours should depend on whether your colleague or employee is a hard worker and can be relied on.
Personal judgment should be used in every situation because some people will use " la ley del mbarete": It is probably the case. As has already been stated, loyalty has very important currency in Paraguayan society, and it is established in part by extending certain privileges to the persons concerned. This is not always the case, however. It is preferable that the expatriate or foreign worker respect his own values in this area and not use too many strategies, as he may find himself in awkward situations, since his status as an outsider does not permit him to understand the unspoken rules that govern these practices.
Much is not spoken in Paraguay, and special privileges must thus be considered on a case by case basis.
Cultural Information - Conflicts in the Workplace Question: I have a work-related problem with a colleague. Do I confront him or her directly? A work related problem with a colleague should always be treated directly with the person or people involved and in private.
You may know that somebody is offended by something you said or did, depending on their body language and usually, they will avoid you.
Also if there is a change in the quality of the individuals work. In most cases you will be the last person to know that there is a problem, when the gossip has already passed from bottom to the top. Paraguayans do not like confrontations, so one is advised against confronting a colleague in public.
Even if one must confront a colleague in private, one must take care not to appear aggressive and to broach the subject in a calm and friendly way.
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It will probably be difficult to determine the exact source of the problem, as Paraguayans tend to avoid problems by denying their existence or by not admitting to having been offended.
Of course, matters are not always that difficult and such behaviour is seldom dishonest in intent. So, it is better not to be too insistent and to find a less menacing way to approach the problem. What motivates my local colleagues to perform well on the job? In Paraguay there are more workers than work; just by having a job employees can develop loyalty and commitment to their employers and they can be very hard workers.
Most employees in Paraguay are not very well rewarded as a consequence of the deteriorated economic situation, and they can be motivated to perform well on the job with good working conditions, job security and remuneration. Many families have only one member working outside the house, and in many cases, heads of families are single mothers, or families are often large in number, in these cases, money is definitely a major motivating factor. Because Paraguayans are generally resigned to the fact that opportunities for advancement are limited due to a stagnant economy and social stratification, what motivates employees above all are job security, a fair wage, and social status.
It is primarily a matter of putting food on the table and occupying a favorable position in the community. Professional satisfaction and other work conditions are secondary. One must not forget that labour relations are largely based on connections obtained through family and friends, so the notion of loyalty is preponderant, which may not necessarily guarantee good productivity.
To help me learn more about the local culture splease recommend: English — Spanish or Guarani — Spanish. La religiosidad popular paraguaya. El dolor paraguayo, Caracas: I believe this movie accurately depicts some behaviour and events that shaped some of the modern Paraguayan cultural norms and social behaviour. Language in Paraguay is very likely the most interesting and determinant aspect of present day culture. As Paraguay is a very small nation plagued by serious socio-economic problems, the cultural community is currently not very prolific.
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