Matrix management is a flexible approach to structuring teams and sharing Working in a matrix environment can be both rewarding and frustrating. and colleagues supports learning and relationship development. In a matrix environment, allegiance to the project is not created by the structure itself, but rather as a result of the relationships that are developed within the. No org structure is without flaws, but matrices don't deserve their bad factors ( human resources, customer relationships, price levels, etc.).
A matrix organisation is a structure in which there is more than one line of reporting managers. Effectively, it means that the employees of the organisation have more than one boss!
The matrix organisation structure is complex but helps in achieving the ultimate goal i. It has various benefits. This type of structure is used in organisations which have diverse product lines and services. It breaks the monotony and gives more flexibility to the organisation. Employees work with colleagues of different departments who have their expertise in different functions.
When different people from diverse departments work together, it helps solve problems in a more efficient way. It does lead to overall development of employees as each one is exposed to different functions apart from their core job. Here employees are assigned a job or a project outside their own department for a relatively temporary period.
These teams are made up of people with diverse expertise who have come together and formed a team to attain a specific goal. However, there are some challenges as well. In matrix organisation structure, ambiguity could come in, if you employees are not sure which manager to report to. This also means that employees might be confused about their role and responsibility.
The matrix structure turns out to be a bit more expensive to the organisation than the traditional one, because it employs more managers. Labour Force Participation Rate Definition: Labour force participation rate is defined as the section of working population in the age group of in the economy currently employed or seeking employment.
People who are still undergoing studies, housewives and persons above the age of 64 are not reckoned in the labour force. The labour force participation rate is the measure to evaluate working-age population in an economy. The participation rate refers to the total number of people or individuals who are currently employed or in search of a job. People who are not looking for a job such as full-time students, homemakers, individuals above the age of 64 etc.
This is an important metric when the economy is not growing or is in the phase of recession. It is that time when people look at the unemployment data. Storming Ideas and approaches start to be exchanged about how the work can be accomplished, and this can result in conflict.
This phase is critical for the growth of the team, and results in individuals learning ways to work together. Managers still need to be directive at this stage, and also accessible to ensure that conflict is resolved and the team is starting to move forward toward the goal.
Norming The team starts to feel a sense of achievement, rules of operation either formal or informal are working, and trust begins to form.
Managers start to be participative, and need to be available to provide guidance as the team continues to grow together. Performing The team is now maturing and often high performing. Work is accomplished, team members know how to work together, and even though conflict takes place it is managed and navigated with skill and can enhance productivity.
The team requires very little supervision at this point and can largely make its own decisions.
Matrix management - Wikipedia
Team Building Techniques Team building activities are conducted in order to develop loyalty and trust which are a critical foundation for getting the most effective results from a matrix project team. It is also not just about understanding team members through personality assessments, although again, that is part of it. The most effective team building involves combining a variety of tools and techniques. This technique can be used in all types of teams, but in a matrix project team that has come together with staff from multiple different sources it is especially important as the team has no established context for the project.
- Matrix Organization
Team agreements Teams that know how to work together are more likely to be effective and efficient. Establishing agreements can assist in this process. Collaboratively establishing ground rules for how a team will operate will provide the team with clarity and will ease communication over issues such as boundaries, responsibilities, and team member behavior.
Functional teams already have this established through the use of departmental policies and procedures.
However for newly formed matrix project teams that do not have rules of operation established as part of their formal organization structure, team agreements is a necessary aspect of building an effective team.
Delivery process definition Understanding how the work is to be accomplished makes it easier for a team to work together. Functional teams typically have the process for delivering the work established as part of the departmental rules. Given that the nature of each project may be different, matrix project teams typically do not have initial stated rules for delivering the work.
For example, if a software development team is unsure which development lifecycle waterfall, agile, etc is being followed to achieve the project goal, confusion and a lack of productivity by the team may result. Clearly defining and establishing a process that is understood by all the players in the newly formed matrix team is critical for the success of the project.
Conflict management A skillful Manager will understand that conflict happens on any team and will take the initiative to establish a clear process for managing it.
Team Building and Development in a Matrix Environment | PMI Washington DC
This provides clarity to the team in the event that conflict does occur. A newly created matrix project team will find this especially helpful as the team is not used to working together and will need to navigate this as part of the process of maturing as a team.
Personality assessments An effective way to understand the other members of a newly formed matrix project team is through team building sessions using personality assessments. These can be simple and quick assessments, such as the Personality Profile: