Knapp's Relationship Model
All relationships go through periods of fun and excitement, and periods of stagnation and boredom. to keep things fresh and fun — even if every single day can't and won't be the most thrilling. . use sex as a tool instead of a means to an end, you can expect your relationship to withstand the test of time. Just like you said, you have more responsibilities in a relationship. This means less time at the gym. of people get into problems like this is because they enforce all their reason for doing something towards a single goal. Various models have been proposed in the field of interpersonal relationship development. Miracles do not happen in a single day. The stagnating stage is often characterized by individuals avoiding each other and not interacting much.
I can deal with it.
Interpersonal Relationship Development
He never wants to go out and have a good time. Adapted from Mark L. Knapp and Anita L. Pearson, Initiating In the initiating stage Relational interaction stage where people size each other up and try to present themselves favorably. Whether you run into someone in the hallway at school or in the produce section at the grocery store, you scan the person and consider any previous knowledge you have of them, expectations for the situation, and so on.
Initiating is influenced by several factors. A quick passing calls for a quick hello, while a scheduled meeting may entail a more formal start.
For example, if you see a friend from high school while home for winter break, you may set aside a long block of time to catch up; however, if you see someone at work that you just spoke to ten minutes earlier, you may skip initiating communication. The setting also affects how we initiate conversations, as we communicate differently at a crowded bar than we do on an airplane.
Foundations of Relationships
Even with all this variation, people typically follow typical social scripts for interaction at this stage. Experimenting The scholars who developed these relational stages have likened the experimenting stage Relational interaction stage where people exchange information and often move from strangers to acquaintances.
Pearson,38— A basic exchange of information is typical as the experimenting stage begins. For example, on the first day of class, you may chat with the person sitting beside you and take turns sharing your year in school, hometown, residence hall, and major.
Then you may branch out and see if there are any common interests that emerge. Louis Cardinals fans could then lead to more conversation about baseball and other hobbies or interests; however, sometimes the experiment may fail.
Experimenting continues in established relationships. Small talk, a hallmark of the experimenting stage, is common among young adults catching up with their parents when they return home for a visit or committed couples when they recount their day while preparing dinner.
Small talk can be annoying sometimes, especially if you feel like you have to do it out of politeness. I have found, for example, that strangers sometimes feel the need to talk to me at the gym even when I have ear buds in. Intensifying As we enter the intensifying stage Relational interaction stage where people indicate that they would like or are open to more intimacy, closeness, or interdependence.
This incremental intensification of intimacy can occur over a period of weeks, months, or years and may involve inviting a new friend to join you at a party, then to your place for dinner, then to go on vacation with you. In order to save face and avoid making ourselves overly vulnerable, steady progression is key in this stage. Aside from sharing more intense personal time, requests for and granting favors may also play into intensification of a relationship.
For example, one friend helping the other prepare for a big party on their birthday can increase closeness. However, if one person asks for too many favors or fails to reciprocate favors granted, then the relationship can become unbalanced, which could result in a transition to another stage, such as differentiating. Or which is your favorite car? Example 2 — An exploration into what partner fabricates will add benefit to the business of another person in business relationships.
Intensifying — In this stage the relationship intensifies and becomes less formal. People will start revealing their personal information and will analyze the impression on the other person.
- Knapp’s Relationship Model
- 7.1 Foundations of Relationships
They find various ways to nurture a relationship in order to strengthen interpersonal development such as gifts, spending more time together, asking for dates, expecting a relationship commitment etc.
During their date they talk about their lives and how the boy got the job and his personal experience and the girl also reveals about her parents, her previous experiences, etc.
In personal life people may fall in love or find a close friend. The level of intimacy can progress to a further relationship. Bonding — In this stage, a person will announce to the world about their relationship. They make their relationship recognized and will honor their commitment legally. The relationship is indefinite and only to be broken through a formal notice, agreements or death etc.
Example 1 — The boy proposes and the girl agrees to marry him. Example 2 — The bonding stage of business relationships comprises of partnerships and durable relationships which can lower business expenses and can result in more profit. Like coming together, there are five stages in coming apart.
Differentiating — When people progress in a relationship they sometimes due to other external pressures will start thinking individually rather than with the partner. They may start developing hobbies or other endeavors. The relationship will start to fade and the everlasting bond will be broken. The feeling of dislike is often expressed by the partners on their commitment. Example 1 — The boy comes up with idea of quitting the job and to do something he wanted.
The girl rejects the idea with some reasoning. Outward communication may be avoided, but internal communication may be frequent. Avoiding Moving to the avoiding stage may be a way to end the awkwardness that comes with stagnation, as people signal that they want to close down the lines of communication. In a parent-child relationship, where the child is still dependent on the parent, or in a roommate situation, where a lease agreement prevents leaving, people may engage in cognitive dissociation, which means they mentally shut down and ignore the other person even though they are still physically copresent.
Terminating The terminating stage of a relationship can occur shortly after initiation or after a ten- or twenty-year relational history has been established. Termination can result from outside circumstances such as geographic separation or internal factors such as changing values or personalities that lead to a weakening of the bond.
Termination exchanges involve some typical communicative elements and may begin with a summary message that recaps the relationship and provides a reason for the termination e. The summary message may be followed by a distance message that further communicates the relational drift that has occurred e. You can use this time to explore your options and figure out if you want to go to college too or not.
Finally, there is often a message regarding the possibility for future communication in the relationship e. These ten stages of relational development provide insight into the complicated processes that affect relational formation and deterioration.
We also make decisions about our relationships by weighing costs and rewards. Rewards are outcomes that we get from a relationship that benefit us in some way, while costs range from granting favors to providing emotional support. When we do not receive the outcomes or rewards that we think we deserve, then we may negatively evaluate the relationship, or at least a given exchange or moment in the relationship, and view ourselves as being underbenefited.
In an equitable relationship, costs and rewards are balanced, which usually leads to a positive evaluation of the relationship and satisfaction.
Interpersonal Relationship Development - Meaning and its Models
Commitment and interdependence are important interpersonal and psychological dimensions of a relationship that relate to social exchange theory. We can be cautioned, though, to not view social exchange theory as a tit-for-tat accounting of costs and rewards Noller, As the dynamics in a relationship change, we may engage communally without even being aware of it, just by simply enjoying the relationship.
It has been suggested that we become more aware of the costs and rewards balance when a relationship is going through conflict Noller, Overall, relationships are more likely to succeed when there is satisfaction and commitment, meaning that we are pleased in a relationship intrinsically or by the rewards we receive.
Key Takeaways Relationships can be easily distinguished into personal or social and voluntary or involuntary. Personal relationships are close, intimate, and interdependent, meeting many of our interpersonal needs.
Social relationships meet some interpersonal needs but lack the closeness of personal relationships. There are stages of relational interaction in which relationships come together initiating, experimenting, intensifying, integrating, and bonding and come apart differentiating, circumscribing, stagnating, avoiding, and terminating.Breakdown of relationships
The weighing of costs and rewards in a relationship affects commitment and overall relational satisfaction. Exercises Review the types of relationships in Figure 7. Name at least one person from your relationships that fits into each quadrant. How does your communication differ between each of these people?